product environmental impact Articles

  • Environmental impact assessment of bathroom products

    It has been recognised worldwide that previous patterns of industrial production have been causing resource depletion and waste accumulation. To address the issue, not only the selection of materials, but also the cycle of stages in the life of a product, are subject to scrutiny. These stages may include resource extraction, manufacturing, packaging and shipping, use and refurbishment. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Environmental Impact of Dairy Production in the EU: Practical Options for the Improvement of the Environmental Impact

    The purpose of the studies is to explore the relationship generally between agricultural sectors and practices and the environment. The sectoral studies describe the environmental relationship, the practical possibilities to improve that relationship and the various options (with agri-environmental measures) to establish environmental gains. They should contribute to an informal debate and ...

  • Automated analysis of product disassembly to determine environmental impact

    Manufacturers are increasingly being held responsible for the fate of their products once reaching end-of-life. This research uses disassembly time and re-cyclability to gauge the environmental impact of a product upon disposal, where re-cyclability is the amount of mass recovered when parts are removed from an assembly. A graph-based method of representing product assemblies is suggested, which ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simplified environmental impact drivers for product life cycle

    The early design stage of product development often has limited information available to designers. The environmental impacts of a products life cycle are widely assessed using life cycle assessment (LCA). Nevertheless, as LCA is a costly and time-consuming method, the previous study shown the development of simplified LCA (SLCA) drivers of the entire product life cycle stages for the conceptual ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to investigate mercury in the oceans?

    Mercury is a highly toxic metal that affects the environment and can endanger people's health, as a powerful neurotoxin. The combustion of coal, waste and fuel are releasing hundreds of tons of heavy metal into the atmosphere annually, and its sediment enters to soil and water. Mercury measurements are part of the EU project "Global Mercury Observation System". The long-term goal of this ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Environmental impacts of electronic invoicing

    Climate change threatens ecosystems and health and may cause severe economic impacts. All sectors of society need to act. New solutions based on information and communication technology (ICT) have been proposed to enable action. One possible conversion is from paper invoices to electronic invoices. The aim of this article is to increase current knowledge about the advantages and disadvantages of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Impact of Environmental Litigation

    Let’s explore the history of toxic substances in our environment from the time we knew that the toxic substances were harmful and lethal to our health. Let us start with asbestos — the most litigated of the hazardous, toxic materials. The Greeks, the earliest users of asbestos 3,000 years ago, considered the value of asbestos almost equal to the value of gold. Chrysotile, the most ...


    By ABCOV Companies

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • The Environmental Impact of Olive Oil Production in the European Union: Practical Options for Improving the Environmental Impact

    These reports explore the relationship generally between agricultural sectors and practices and the environment. The sectoral studies describe the environmental relationship, the practical possibilities to improve that relationship and the various options (with agri-environmental measures) to establish environmental gains. They should contribute to an informal debate and understanding so that the ...

  • Exergy analysis and environmental impact assessment of a photovoltaic-hydrogen production system

    In this study, exergy analysis and environmental impact assessment of a Photovoltaic (PV)-hydrogen production system and its components are carried out. Actual data measured in the system are employed for analysis purposes. Daily hydrogen production amount from solar energy through water electrolysis is 4.43 kg. The average system exergy efficiency is determined to be 3.18%. It is found that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Product environmental footprint in policy and market decisions – applicability and impact assessment

    In April, 2013 the European Commission published the Product and Organisation Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF) methodology ‐ a life cycle based multi‐criteria measure of the environmental performance of products, services and organizations. With its approach of “comparability over flexibility” the PEF/OEF methodology aims at harmonizing existing methods, while decreasing the flexibility ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Trends in food production and consumption: Swedish experiences from environmental and cultural impacts

    Changes in Swedish food consumption patterns during recent decades are studied, together with some possible future changes of importance for increasing resource efficiency. The increased consumption of meat and a more global food supply have contributed negatively. An increased interface with foreign food cultures through travelling and immigration are the main causes of these consumption ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Problems of energy conservation and environmental impacts of energy production and consumption in Slovakia

    The current situation of the Slovak energy sector and its development since 1990 (Gross Domestic Product, primary energy sources, final energy consumption, energy intensity, electricity intensity, electricity consumption) is presented. A marked dependence on energy imports explains the necessity for energy conservation in Slovakia. Energy intensity in Slovakia is steadily decreasing; still there ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global environmental impacts of the hydrogen economy

    Hydrogen-based energy systems appear to be an attractive proposition in providing a future replacement for the current fossil-fuel based energy systems. Hydrogen is an important, though little studied, trace component of the atmosphere. It is present at the mixing ratio of about 510 ppb currently and has important man-made and natural sources. Because hydrogen reacts with tropospheric hydroxyl ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Health and environmental impacts of energy systems

    The assessment of health and environmental impacts of energy production has undergone a major evolution in recent years, reflecting progress in the underlying scientific domains. This paper reviews these developments and draws conclusions. The paper begins with a discussion of the relation between purpose and scope of an assessment. The following sections describe the methodology, with particular ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impact from a sector: production and consumption of energy carriers in Sweden

    Environmental impacts from the Swedish energy sector, including upstream and downstream effects, were investigated using a hybrid IOA-LCA method. Use of abiotic resources, climate change, air pollution and toxic effects were identified as environmental hotspots in the sector. On the production side, power, gas and heat production were found to cause many environmental effects, but impacts abroad ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental analysis of beer production

    The concept of sustainable development is focused on the improvement of the quality of life, avoiding the unbalanced utilisation of natural resources. Several concepts have recently been developed to evaluate the use of resources and the environmental management from an individual to a global scope. One of them, Life Cycle Assessment, has been considered for the environmental analysis of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Model to assess economic impact of hot environments on productivity

    In sectors as mining, smelting or food production, workers are constantly subjected to hot environmental conditions that affect them somehow. In this paper, a quantitative model that aims at relating the effects of such environments on labour productivity is presented. Simultaneously, the proposed model allows the evaluation of the economic balance between the loss of productivity and the energy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of heavy metals on the oil products biodegradation process

    Oil products continue to be used as a principal source of energy. Wide-scale production, transport, global use and disposal of petroleum have made them major contaminants in prevalence and quantity in the environment. In accidental spills, actions are taken to remove or remediate or recover the contaminants immediately, especially if they occur in environmentally sensitive areas, for example, in ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Biochemenergy: a project to turn an urban wastes treatment plant into biorefinery for the production of energy, chemicals and consumer's products with friendly environmental impact

    Urban bio-wastes (UBW) contain soluble bio-organics (SBO) with excellent surfactant properties are proven or expected to perform as bio-based products for use in chemical and environmental technology, in agriculture and in animal husbandry as well as or better than commercial synthetic products. On these basis, UBW are proposed as renewable sources of a wide number of products with potential sale ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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