product environmental impact Articles

  • Train derailment prompts contaminated land investigation - Case study

    On March 30th 2015 a long freight train, transporting a variety of goods including lumber and chemicals, wound its way through the state of Mississippi. At around 5pm, part of the train failed to negotiate a curved portion of the track in a rural area near Minter City, resulting in the derailment of nine railcars, one of which leaked chemicals onto agricultural farmland and woodlands. Emergency ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Environmental impact assessment of bathroom products

    It has been recognised worldwide that previous patterns of industrial production have been causing resource depletion and waste accumulation. To address the issue, not only the selection of materials, but also the cycle of stages in the life of a product, are subject to scrutiny. These stages may include resource extraction, manufacturing, packaging and shipping, use and refurbishment. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simplified environmental impact drivers for product life cycle

    The early design stage of product development often has limited information available to designers. The environmental impacts of a products life cycle are widely assessed using life cycle assessment (LCA). Nevertheless, as LCA is a costly and time-consuming method, the previous study shown the development of simplified LCA (SLCA) drivers of the entire product life cycle stages for the conceptual ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Automated analysis of product disassembly to determine environmental impact

    Manufacturers are increasingly being held responsible for the fate of their products once reaching end-of-life. This research uses disassembly time and re-cyclability to gauge the environmental impact of a product upon disposal, where re-cyclability is the amount of mass recovered when parts are removed from an assembly. A graph-based method of representing product assemblies is suggested, which ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impacts of electronic invoicing

    Climate change threatens ecosystems and health and may cause severe economic impacts. All sectors of society need to act. New solutions based on information and communication technology (ICT) have been proposed to enable action. One possible conversion is from paper invoices to electronic invoices. The aim of this article is to increase current knowledge about the advantages and disadvantages of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Impact of Environmental Litigation

    Let’s explore the history of toxic substances in our environment from the time we knew that the toxic substances were harmful and lethal to our health. Let us start with asbestos — the most litigated of the hazardous, toxic materials. The Greeks, the earliest users of asbestos 3,000 years ago, considered the value of asbestos almost equal to the value of gold. Chrysotile, the most ...


    By ABCOV Companies , LLC

  • Global environmental impacts of the hydrogen economy

    Hydrogen-based energy systems appear to be an attractive proposition in providing a future replacement for the current fossil-fuel based energy systems. Hydrogen is an important, though little studied, trace component of the atmosphere. It is present at the mixing ratio of about 510 ppb currently and has important man-made and natural sources. Because hydrogen reacts with tropospheric hydroxyl ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impact from a sector: production and consumption of energy carriers in Sweden

    Environmental impacts from the Swedish energy sector, including upstream and downstream effects, were investigated using a hybrid IOA-LCA method. Use of abiotic resources, climate change, air pollution and toxic effects were identified as environmental hotspots in the sector. On the production side, power, gas and heat production were found to cause many environmental effects, but impacts abroad ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Health and environmental impacts of energy systems

    The assessment of health and environmental impacts of energy production has undergone a major evolution in recent years, reflecting progress in the underlying scientific domains. This paper reviews these developments and draws conclusions. The paper begins with a discussion of the relation between purpose and scope of an assessment. The following sections describe the methodology, with particular ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends in food production and consumption: Swedish experiences from environmental and cultural impacts

    Changes in Swedish food consumption patterns during recent decades are studied, together with some possible future changes of importance for increasing resource efficiency. The increased consumption of meat and a more global food supply have contributed negatively. An increased interface with foreign food cultures through travelling and immigration are the main causes of these consumption ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Problems of energy conservation and environmental impacts of energy production and consumption in Slovakia

    The current situation of the Slovak energy sector and its development since 1990 (Gross Domestic Product, primary energy sources, final energy consumption, energy intensity, electricity intensity, electricity consumption) is presented. A marked dependence on energy imports explains the necessity for energy conservation in Slovakia. Energy intensity in Slovakia is steadily decreasing; still there ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reducing the Environmental Impact of Cows` Waste

    No disrespect to cows, but they produce a lot of gas. And while farmers may be unfazed by the smell, the gas is methane, one of the most potent greenhouse gases. Across the globe, livestock spew 14.5 percent of all greenhouse gases (methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases) released in the environment, and over half that comes specifically from cows, according to a United ...


    By Ohio State University

  • Product environmental footprint in policy and market decisions – applicability and impact assessment

    In April, 2013 the European Commission published the Product and Organisation Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF) methodology ‐ a life cycle based multi‐criteria measure of the environmental performance of products, services and organizations. With its approach of “comparability over flexibility” the PEF/OEF methodology aims at harmonizing existing methods, while decreasing the flexibility ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Biochemenergy: a project to turn an urban wastes treatment plant into biorefinery for the production of energy, chemicals and consumer's products with friendly environmental impact

    Urban bio-wastes (UBW) contain soluble bio-organics (SBO) with excellent surfactant properties are proven or expected to perform as bio-based products for use in chemical and environmental technology, in agriculture and in animal husbandry as well as or better than commercial synthetic products. On these basis, UBW are proposed as renewable sources of a wide number of products with potential sale ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How food production impacts global groundwater supplies

    The ever-increasing global trade in food is accelerating groundwater depletion in many areas of the world, emptying aquifers faster than they can be naturally recharged, according to newly released research. Although groundwater depletion is a well-known and frequently studied issue, the new research focuses on how groundwater supplies are affected by international trade. Agricultural ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Impact of heavy metals on the oil products biodegradation process

    Oil products continue to be used as a principal source of energy. Wide-scale production, transport, global use and disposal of petroleum have made them major contaminants in prevalence and quantity in the environment. In accidental spills, actions are taken to remove or remediate or recover the contaminants immediately, especially if they occur in environmentally sensitive areas, for example, in ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Model to assess economic impact of hot environments on productivity

    In sectors as mining, smelting or food production, workers are constantly subjected to hot environmental conditions that affect them somehow. In this paper, a quantitative model that aims at relating the effects of such environments on labour productivity is presented. Simultaneously, the proposed model allows the evaluation of the economic balance between the loss of productivity and the energy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Proposal of environmental impact indicator or Ehrlich Equation’s modified

    ABSTRACT The model of Ehrlich and Holdren proposes that the impact caused by a certain activity, involves a relationship between the variables population, affluence and technology. This article analyses this model, proposing the inclusion of the interdependence between these variables. This proposal was applied to three products: bread, a cotton shirt, and an automobile. The results obtained are ...


  • Application of neural network on environmental impact assessment tools

    Intended to provide an applicable evaluation methodology for product environmental impacts, this paper presents a survey of the current Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) methodologies. As a proposed remedy for existing tools, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) approach is developed to estimate the missing data. To provide updated Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) information for major components used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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