radiation safety monitoring Articles

  • Radiation Monitors and Meters

    Light Description and Applications The light meter is a portable unit designed to measure visible, UV, and near-UV light in the workplace. (The CTC has a UV light meter available through its loan program, ALEP.) The light meter is capable of reading any optical unit of energy or power level if the appropriate detector has been calibrated with the meter. The spectral range of the instrument is ...

  • Ionising Radiation

    Introduction The energy level of some types of radiation is high enough so that when they interact with matter they cause the formation of electrically charged particles or ion-pairs and break molecular bonds. These so-called ionising radiations are by their nature potentially harmful to life; at high doses they can be lethal and at lower doses can cause genetic damage. Ionising radiation occurs ...

  • Recent Federal Developments

    TSCA/FIFRA EPA Extends Comment Period For Draft Guidance For Pesticide Registrants On Notifications, Non-notifications, And Minor Formulation Amendments: On October 5, 2017, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a notice of extension of the comment period for the draft guidance  ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Radiation dosage case study

    The Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) Team Dose Reconstruction Project assists the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health by reconstructing the radiation doses received by workers at various Department of Energy and Atomic Weapons Employer facilities. This work involves personal interviews with claimants, retrieval and validation of individual monitoring data, ...


    By Vose Software

  • An update of the probabilistic safety assessment of the Radiation Monitor Calibration Laboratory of a Brazilian nuclear power station

    In 2001, a probabilistic safety assessment of the Radiation Monitor Calibration Laboratory of a Brazilian nuclear power station was performed to estimate its radiological risk. Owing to the lack of data, many conservative assumptions were considered. The purpose of this paper is to obtain the updated laboratory radiological risk. A human reliability analysis of the procedure for calibrating the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Continuous Real Time Water Monitoring for Radiation Safety Terrorist Attack, Improper Disposal of Industrial Waste, Accidental Discharge

    Safe drinking water is essential to life on earth. Unfortunately, this vast infrastructure suffers from critical vulnerability. Keeping America safe with continuous real time water monitoring is a vital goal and is currently being addressed for biological and chemical risks. For monitoring of radionuclides in drinking water as recommended in the Safe Drinking Water Act 8, the Clean Water Act 9, ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Non-Ionising Radiation

    Pressures on the environment may occur through chemical, physical and biological agents. The subject of this study is physical agents, where physical fields are examined. Physical fields are part of the natural environment. Depending upon their properties and the surrounding conditions, physical fields are transmitted through the spaces in which we live, potentially affecting human health and ...

  • Why is there no effective real-time Continuous Radiation Monitoring System?

    Japan's disaster has raised many questions regarding safety of the public. It has served as a wakeup call to the agencies tasked with protecting the public. Not least of these questions, but certainly the most far-reaching is the question of the safety of nuclear power and radiation contamination of air and water. Way back when nuclear power was first established, in the 1960s public opinion was ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Health monitoring of persons occupationally exposed to ionising radiation in Bulgaria

    This paper describes changes in Bulgarian legislation concerning the health monitoring of occupationally exposed individuals to ensure the radiation safety and protection of radiation workers. The expert view on the implementation of health monitoring programmes to different occupational groups and assessment of health risk, including molecular-epidemiological analyses, is given. Special ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water monitoring as a safety feature for nuclear desalination

    It is widely accepted that the general safety approach for nuclear facilities is valid for a Nuclear Desalination Plant (NDP), thus IAEA standards and guides are applicable. The coupling of a NDP should be designed with the safety objective of ensuring that it results in no adverse effect on the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) safety. The first objective (provisions of barriers) is complied with by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of 137Cs gamma radiation on the system bioindicator Tradescantia pallida

    The use of the bioindicator Tradescantia clone 4430 as a biomonitor is limited to a short period of time in regions of hot climate. This paper describes the use of Tradescantia pallida as a bioindicator, to verify its sensitivity to gamma radiation from a 137Cs source and to monitor places of low doses of ionising radiation in tropical climates. Specimens of the T. pallida were exposed to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 50 years of radiation protection and nuclear power in Switzerland: a brief history

    This article presents a short history of research in nuclear physics as well as of 50 years of nuclear power and radiation protection in Switzerland. After the International Conference 'Atoms for Peace' held in 1955 in Geneva the first research reactor was installed in Switzerland. A national environmental radioactivity monitoring programme was started in 1956. Today some 40% of the electricity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Safety in Drinking Water? Monitoring for Radioactive ContaminantsOnly Required Every Three, Six, or Nine Years per Federal Law

    Current federal law requires testing of drinking water for radionuclides, “hazardous radioactive materials” every three, six, or nine years. The states have the option to increase testing frequency. [Federal Register Year 2000; page 76746. http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/retrieve.html] An incident of terrorism, accident, or improper disposal ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Radiological safety and environmental monitoring aspects of mining and processing of uranium ore at Jaduguda, India

    Low–grade uranium ore is mined and processed in India since the early 1970s. To adhere to the regulatory compliance monitoring of external gamma level, radon and long–lived alpha activity of ore dust is carried out in uranium mines. Apart from this, surface contamination is also monitored in radiologically important areas of ore processing plant. Exposure of occupational workers is evaluated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radiation source rate estimation through data assimilation of gamma dose rate measurements for operational nuclear emergency response systems

    This paper presents an evaluation of an innovative data assimilation method that has been recently developed in NCSR Demokritos for estimating an unknown emission rate of radionuclides in the atmosphere, with real–scale experimental data. The efficient algorithm is based on the assimilation of gamma dose rate measured data in the Lagrangian atmospheric dispersion model DIPCOT and uses variational ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Questions and answers on the amended Nuclear Safety Directive

    What is new in the directive? The amended Nuclear Safety Directive strengthens the nuclear safety framework of the EU. The amendment reinforces the provisions of the existing directive. It: strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities; introduces a high-level EU-wide safety objective, emphasizing accident prevention and ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • Wireless monitoring for a safe indoor environment

    This article discusses the benefits of wireless technology for continously monitoring the indoor environment. In striving for the construction of energy efficient and cost-effective buildings, the imperative issue of the buildings Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is often overlooked. This can often lead to a unhealthy indoor environment and even to conditions such as Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) or other ...


    By PPM Technology

  • Analox case study: Monitoring oxygen at Cranfield airfield

    Introduction For personnel safety, monitoring of oxygen levels was required as part of an experimental field campaign based at Cranfield airfield. This experiment was undertaken by researchers in the atmospheric physics group at Imperial College London. The researchers are interested in measuring Far-infrared radiance fields in the atmosphere ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Managing Environment, Health and Safety Risks at the National Museums of Kenya for Sustainability

    AbstractUrban environmental policy cannot escape the dictates of global environmental requirements as stipulated by the principles of Stockholm Conference, Rio-Summit, and the Johannesburg Summit that includes multilateral environmental agreements. The National Museum of Kenya (NMK) is a public, educational, scientific and heritage management institution established in 1909. It has undergone ...


  • Monitoring radioactivity in nuclear and radiological emergency in a European perspective: aims and means

    After the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, European countries have further enhanced their capacity and infrastructure for monitoring radioactivity in their environment. This paper gives a summary of the most commonly used techniques relevant to routine and nuclear and/or radiological emergency conditions, followed by a discussion of the various network types (routine, emergency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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