radioactive clean-up Articles

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered as the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010). Radioactive material is unstable, while the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit ionizing radiation (i.e., alpha ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010).Radioactive material, unlike most matter, is inherently unstable. Over time, the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit what's ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What classifies as water pollution and why is it an issue?

    The UN declared 2005-2015 as the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’. Yet each day thousands of people still die as a result of contaminated water. This does not even take into account the millions of organisms that perish every year thank to polluted water sources. Water pollution is a huge issue that is made more so by the fact that unfortunately, water is ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Processing technology for radioactive wastes

    For 20 years now, AVA has been delivering innovative mixers, dryers, and systems for environmental and processing technologies. The treatment of highly contaminated materials has always been one of our core competencies. For more than 10 years, AVA Technology has been applied for the processing of radioactive wastes. The application of AVA mixers and reactors may be divided into two main ...


    By AVA GmbH u. Co. KG

  • How to treat radioactive NORM sludge with VacuDry

    NORM doesn’t sound like a big thing. But Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material might let the alarm bells ring. Everyone has heard of “radioactive material” and that sounds dangerous. However, most of this material is trapped deep in the ground beneath our feet. From there it reaches the surface, for example via the water cycle. Another possible pathway for NORM to reach the ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Innovation in radioactive wastewater-stream management: Part one

    Treatment of radioactive wastewater streams is receiving considerable attention in most countries that have nuclear reactors. The first Egyptian research reactor ETRR-1 has been operating for 40 years, resulting in accumulation of large quantities of wastewater collected in special drainage tanks called SDTs. Previous attempts were aimed at the volumetric reduction of streams present in SDTs, by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste management technologies used in rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated facilities and areas at the RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' site

    Activities on rehabilitation of eleven temporary radwaste repositories are currently underway at the RRC 'Kurchatov Institute'. Technologies used for exploratory drilling of repositories, their radiation survey, cleaning fill-up soil from the repository ceilings and opening the ceilings, RW extraction, sorting and packing in containers are presented. The radiation situation at the repository site ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New LWT system improves safety for workers dredging radioactive materials

    Problem: Cleanup crews wanted to dredge radioactive sludge from hazardous waste pits without releasing contaminants to the environment. Solution: A remote-control system encloses the radioactive material during dredging and keeps workers at a safe distance. The Weldon Springs, Mo. Superfund site and remedial action project has four pits containing low-level radioactive raffinate debris and ...

  • Removal of Radioactive Effluent Waste from Uranium Enrichments Plants

    In an effort to reduce greenhouse emissions many nations and multi-national corporations are once again focusing on the development of safe radioactive sources for energy generation. After a hiatus of some 20 years commercial nuclear power plants are being developed globally to satisfy increasing global energy demands. Whether for generation of electrical power or in the production of fission ...


    By Dynamic Adsorbents, Inc.

  • Calculations of external irradiation from radioactive plume in the early stage of a nuclear accident

    A mathematical method for real–time calculations of cloudshine doses/dose rates used for purposes of online assimilation of model predictions with observations incoming from terrain is proposed. Model predictions of cloudshine doses have to be calculated simultaneously in an array of positions located on terrain around a nuclear facility. A modification of the classical straight–line Gaussian ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste buried beneath Runit Dome on Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands

    In the early 1970s after extensive characterisation of fallout the US Pacific Proving Grounds located at Enewetak Atoll began rehabilitation in preparation for the return of indigenous people who were relocated during the Cold War. Cleanup entailed removal and collection of ∼545 GBq of contaminated topsoil, vegetation, and debris (concrete and metal) that was subsequently entombed within an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative assessment of ultimate disposal facilities for carbon dioxide and radioactive waste: overview and synthesis

    The world community is seeking to move towards cleaner sources of energy for electricity generation to protect the environment. In addition to renewables, nuclear power and fossil fuel plants with carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) are potential clean energy sources, if their wastes, i.e., radioactive material and CO2, are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Commissioning and operation of high level radioactive waste vitrification and storage facilities: the Indian experience

    In India, R&D work for management of high-level radioactive liquid waste (HLW) was started along with inception of the Indian Atomic Energy Programme. This culminated in the setting up of the first vitrification facility at the Waste Immobilisation Plant (WIP) at Tarapur. The second vitrification facility has been commissioned at WIP at Trombay and the third such facility is being set up at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Innovation in radioactive wastewater-stream management. Part II: theoretical model and experimental verification

    The present work is the second part of the authors' innovative method for radioactive wastewater-stream management, by volume reduction, by a mutual heating and humidification of a compressed dry air introduced through the wastewater. In this part, to determine the optimal operating conditions, a theoretical model describing volume reduction of the radioactive wastewater stream is achieved. A set ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the removal of silver and antimony radionuclides from radioactive liquid waste by some classical means

    After partial upgrading of a research reactor at the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad, some waste effluents having 110mAg and 124Sb with higher activity levels than the disposal limits piled up because the waste storage capacity was not yet enhanced. Experimental work was conducted to arrive at some optimum procedure for the treatment of the waste to ensure smooth ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managing Low-level Radioisotopes as Part of a Company´s Total Lifecycle of Chemicals and Radioactive Materials

    Chiron Corporation is one of the world’s leading biopharmaceutical companies with businesses in biopharmaceuticals, vaccines and blood testing. In addition to manufacturing facilities, Chiron has an extensive research and development organization, which works with chemicals and radioactive materials. Under Federal, State and Local regulations, as well as corporate operating ...


    By Chemical Safety Software

  • Helium Shortage – has the balloon gone up?

    Throughout 2014 an international helium shortage was causing major supply disruptions around the globe. Many customers in healthcare, pharmaceuticals, commercial diving, science, defence and the semiconductor industry were struggling to find reliable sources at any price. And despite the 2013 US Government’s Helium Stewardship Act, the market was ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Need a swifter, safer way to mop up toxic waste? Blue goo may do.

    Scouring radioactive waste usually means just that. Scrub with soap and water, pails and brushes. Repeat. If it sounds messy, it is—and dangerous too for those exposed to dust and contaminated wastewater.  Hawaii-based CBI Polymers says it's come up with a better way to clean up nuclear waste. The firm's blue goo may not look high-tech; all you do is pour it. But as the superabsorbent ...


    By KT Chemicals, Inc.

  • Residence time distribution in large industrial flotation cells

    The radioactive tracer technique was used to measure the Residence Time Distribution (RTD) of the liquid and solid in a rougher flotation bank consisting of seven cells of a volume of 130 m³. Thus, a pneumatic system of high reliability was used in order to introduce a small amount of radioactive tracer (around 100 mL of liquid or pulp) at the feed pulp entrance. Then, the time response of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of the technology for localisation and isolation from biosphere of outdoor liquid radwaste storage basins

    The approaches were proposed for localisation and isolation of outdoor liquid radwaste storage basins from the biosphere. The lab research findings showed immobilisation of radioactive sludges into a compound and drying-up of liquid phase using porous vitrocrystalline forms (VCF) using as example actual solid and liquid phases from the MCC's storage basins. The effectiveness of the radionuclide ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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