radioactive contaminated soil Articles

  • Lysimetric studies for modelling radioactive contaminant transport in soils

    To assess the movement of contaminants in the soil mass surrounded by near/subsurface waste repository, researchers have developed several mathematical and numerical modelling techniques. However, most of these techniques consider remolded state of soil mass, which fail to reproduce exact in situ conditions and also have used inactive salts as model contaminants. Hence, in order to model ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered as the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010). Radioactive material is unstable, while the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit ionizing radiation (i.e., alpha ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010).Radioactive material, unlike most matter, is inherently unstable. Over time, the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit what's ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Radioactive waste management technologies used in rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated facilities and areas at the RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' site

    Activities on rehabilitation of eleven temporary radwaste repositories are currently underway at the RRC 'Kurchatov Institute'. Technologies used for exploratory drilling of repositories, their radiation survey, cleaning fill-up soil from the repository ceilings and opening the ceilings, RW extraction, sorting and packing in containers are presented. The radiation situation at the repository site ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • Radiological Evaluation of contaminated sites and soils VEgAS: an expertise and investigating vehicle

    Summary 1- Fontenay-Aux-Roses CEA Clean-up methodology For the denuclearisation of the first French nuclear research centre (CEA), the centre of Fontenay-aux-Roses started developing in 1999 a clean-up methodology to rehabilitate places that have been contaminated by radioactive materials. The structure of this methodology is comparable to the one that the ...


    By GEOVARIANCES

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • New LWT system improves safety for workers dredging radioactive materials

    Problem: Cleanup crews wanted to dredge radioactive sludge from hazardous waste pits without releasing contaminants to the environment. Solution: A remote-control system encloses the radioactive material during dredging and keeps workers at a safe distance. The Weldon Springs, Mo. Superfund site and remedial action project has four pits containing low-level radioactive raffinate debris and ...

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • NORMs contamination treatment using Ivey-sol technology

    NORMs (naturally occurring radioactive materials) are found almost everywhere, and many natural materials, such as the earth’s crust, contain such radioactive materials. So what happens when oil and gas activities such as petroleum refining and natural gas extraction, disturb such radioactive material? They can alter the natural background radiation — the radiation that we are naturally exposed ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The most commonly used treatment technologies for inorganics in soil, sediment, and sludge include solidification/stabilization (S/S), excavation and off-site disposal, and acid extraction. These treatment technologies are described briefly below. Solidification processes produce monolithic blocks of waste with high structural integrity. The contaminants do not necessarily interact chemically ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Radionuclides in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Unlike organic contaminants (and similar to metals), radionuclides cannot be destroyed or degraded; therefore, remediation technologies applicable to radionuclides involve separation, concentration/volume reduction, and/or immobilization. The most commonly used treatment technology for radionuclides in soil, sediment, and sludge is solidification/stabilization (S/S). This treatment technology is ...

  • Properties and Behavior of Radionuclides

    For the purposes of this document, radionuclides should be considered to have properties similar to those of other heavy metals.This does not imply that all radionuclides are heavy metals, but that the majority of sites requiring remediation of radioactively contaminated materials are contaminated with radionuclides that have similar properties. Like metals, the contaminants of concern are ...

  • Separation

    Introduction: Ex situ separation can be performed by many processes. Gravity separation and sieving/physical separation are two well-developed processes that have long been primary methods for treating municipal wastewaters. Magnetic separation, on the other hand, is a much newer separation process that is still being tested. Gravity Separation Gravity ...

  • Safe Recycling of Municipal Sludge by Gamma Radiation

    Abstract Municipal sludge contains many toxic organic materials, large number of pathogenic microorganisms, heavy metals alongside many nutrients beneficial to plant and/or animal growth, but its use is limited due to these health hazards contaminants. The technology of irradiation-pasteurization has been shown to quickly, efficiently and reliably deal with potential health hazards ...


  • Excavation, Retrieval, and Off-Site Disposal

    Introduction: Contaminated material is removed and transported to permitted off-site treatment and/or disposal facilities. Some pretreatment of the contaminated media usually is required in order to meet land disposal restrictions. Confined disposal facilities (CDFs) are engineered structure enclosed by dikes and designed to retain dredged materials. A CDF may have a large cell for ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Groundwater Remediation

    Groundwater remediation or clean-up is required when concentrations of contaminants exceed or are expected to exceed predetermined levels for the type of resource that is impacted (Grossman et.al., 2008). For example, lead levels in drinking water should not exceed the EPA action level of 0.015 mg/L. What caused the high levels of lead? How can the lead be removed from the aquifer? (Grossman ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surfactant enhanced bioremediation (SEB)

    Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation (SEB®) using Ivey-sol® involve the use of Ivey-sol formulations which are patented non-ionic surfactant mixtures used in the in-situ and ex-situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and more recently radioactive type contaminated waste. These surfactant formulations have the ability to enhance soil biodegradation. During In-situ and Ex-situ ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • London 2012: Legacy or Liability?

    After spending hundreds of millions of tax payers’ money on a high profile ‘clean-up’, it has become clear that the 2012 Olympic Park actually remains classified as a contaminated brownfield site. Documents show that the whole area is to have as little as 2 feet (60cm) of “clean” material placed on top of a warning marker layer of orange plastic fabric sheeting, of a type called Terram 1000, ...


    By Shift Soil Remediation LLP

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