radioactive waste Articles

  • Processing technology for radioactive wastes

    For 20 years now, AVA has been delivering innovative mixers, dryers, and systems for environmental and processing technologies. The treatment of highly contaminated materials has always been one of our core competencies. For more than 10 years, AVA Technology has been applied for the processing of radioactive wastes. The application of AVA mixers and reactors may be divided into two main ...


    By AVA GmbH u. Co. KG

  • Radioactive waste management in Italy

    After a short review of radioactive waste origins and inventories in Italy, the paper deals with the current major challenges that Italy has to cope with to pursue its radioactive waste sustainable management and safe disposal. Site restoration by Sogin of dismissed nuclear installations is part of the waste management challenge. The importance of assuring the highest levels of safety culture ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Abundant health from radioactive waste

    When beliefs are abandoned and evidence from only whole body exposures to mammals is considered, it becomes obvious that increased ionising radiation would provide abundant health. The best source for that increased exposure is radioactive waste. A radiation deficiency is seen in a variety of species, including rats and mice; the evidence for a radiation deficiency in humans is compelling. We ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sub-seabed disposal of radioactive waste

    This article considers two detailed reviews of the legal aspects of Sub-Seabed Disposal of Radioactive Waste, by Richard Macrory and Ray Purdy (January 2005) and the opinion of Christopher Katkowski Q.C. and Stephen Tromans, March 2005. In substance, both reviews conclude that for a sub-seabed repository accessed from land by tunnel, the relevant International Conventions, in particular the UN ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integrated system for regulatory control of the radioactive waste management in radioactive installations

    The object of this paper is to present the 'Integrated Information System for Supporting the Inventory Control of Radioactive Waste' ? SICORR. The SICORR model considers the following items: the radioactive waste control inventory, encompassing the treatment and integration of the radioactive waste and the radionuclide data and processes; the installations that produce, use, transport or store ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The transport of radioactive material

    The first part of this study is devoted to the regulations on the safe transport of radioactive material. The rules applicable to the transport of radioactive material are analysed, along with their elaboration at the international, Community and French levels. The second part will describe the system of civil liability for nuclear damage and the rules applicable to the compensation of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research trends in radioactive waste management: a global perspective

    The present study is aimed at analysing the growth of literature on radioactive waste management. International Nuclear Information System (INIS) database is used as a data source to analyse the focused areas of this field for the period 1970–2011. Journal Citation Report–2010 is used for eliciting information related to journal impact factors. The database contained a total of 101,419 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Knowledge management for radioactive waste management organisations

    Starting in 2006, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) developed a guidance publication on knowledge management for radioactive waste management organisations. The publication is part of the IAEA Nuclear Energy Document Series at the level of Report. The purpose of the document was to provide guidance to the full range of decision makers (in both the public and private sectors) on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A simple gamma technique for the assay of radioactive waste drums

    A simple gamma technique based on using two identical detectors has been studied and applied to assay radwaste drums. The characterisation and performance of the measurement system are discussed for practical application. The results show that the proposed technique successfully solved the problem of assay of unusual radwaste drums (as released from Dalat Nuclear Reactor, Vietnam).Keywords: gamma ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste management experience of Moscow SIA 'Radon'

    Vitrification and cementation are used for conditioning liquid radioactive waste (LRW) at SIA 'Radon'. More than 2000 m³ of LRW are treated on the vitrification plant and 100,000 m³ of LRW on cementation plants. For clearing LRW are used the filtration, ultra filtration, reverse osmosis, selective sorption, ion exchange, and oxidation. For treatment NPP bottom concentrates the technology of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste management technologies used in rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated facilities and areas at the RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' site

    Activities on rehabilitation of eleven temporary radwaste repositories are currently underway at the RRC 'Kurchatov Institute'. Technologies used for exploratory drilling of repositories, their radiation survey, cleaning fill-up soil from the repository ceilings and opening the ceilings, RW extraction, sorting and packing in containers are presented. The radiation situation at the repository site ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risk-based decision analysis in radioactive waste management processes: methodology with examples

    This paper starts with a formal definition of risk and couples risk and uncertainty analysis in a decision analysis process. This risk-based decision analysis process is illustrated with two examples where significant decisions needed to be made relative to radioactive waste management processes. The first example illustrates a schedule risk assessment where the risks associated with achieving a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A financial-option procedure for determining a fuzzy discount rate in radioactive waste management

    This paper proposes a procedure based on financial-option theory for establishing a fuzzy discount rate for radioactive waste management. Funding is made available in a dedicated fund for covering future liabilities, including technical-scenario uncertainties. Assets in the fund are managed according to some given strategic asset allocation. Put-option theory is used for testing the suitability ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste buried beneath Runit Dome on Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands

    In the early 1970s after extensive characterisation of fallout the US Pacific Proving Grounds located at Enewetak Atoll began rehabilitation in preparation for the return of indigenous people who were relocated during the Cold War. Cleanup entailed removal and collection of ∼545 GBq of contaminated topsoil, vegetation, and debris (concrete and metal) that was subsequently entombed within an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of reconstruction of the composition of liquid radioactive waste released into the Techa River in 19491956

    An analysis of archival data of liquid radioactive waste samples and Techa River bottom sediments was made, taking into consideration the radiochemical methods for extraction and beta-emitting radionuclide activity measurements existing in the early 1950s. It was stated that the radionuclide composition of the routine and accidental liquid radioactive waste releases in 19491951 corresponded to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research output in radioactive waste management based on non–conventional literature

    This paper identifies the research paradigms in the area of radioactive waste management based on the technical reports retrieved from the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) from 1970 to 2012. The aim is to determine the volume of research output, the countries involved in the research; collaboration network has been studied at the micro level (individuals) and the macro level ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New regulations for release in Germany: a chance for minimisation of radioactive waste and reduction of costs

    The EURATOM Basic Safety Standards provided the occasion to establish comprehensive clearance regulations in German law. The new German Radiation Protection Ordinance contains detailed regulations regarding clearance of radioactive substances with negligible radioactivity from practices subject to authorisation. For about 300 radionuclides, there are mass- and surface-specific clearance levels ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of Radioactive Effluent Waste from Uranium Enrichments Plants

    In an effort to reduce greenhouse emissions many nations and multi-national corporations are once again focusing on the development of safe radioactive sources for energy generation. After a hiatus of some 20 years commercial nuclear power plants are being developed globally to satisfy increasing global energy demands. Whether for generation of electrical power or in the production of fission ...


    By Dynamic Adsorbents Inc.

  • Optimisation of processes in a two-stage installation for liquid radioactive waste immobilisation

    A two-stage installation for liquid radioactive waste (LRW) immobilisation is intended for LRW reprocessing with the objective to include radionuclides into solid vitreous matrix. Depending on the processing scheme of immobilisation, an installation for LRW immobilisation may include one or more devices. This paper describes a developed mathematical model of a two-stage installation for LRW ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparing policy, regulations and institutions for geological disposal of radioactive waste and carbon dioxide

    This paper compares the policy, regulatory and institutional (PRI) settings of Radioactive Waste (RW) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) disposal for selected countries. This comparison is premised on the following arguments: (a) the policy/political acceptance of nuclear power and coal power with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology to redress the climate change challenge will ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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