rapid sand filter Articles

  • A novel acoustic imaging tool for monitoring the state of rapid sand filters

    A new technology based on acoustic waves is developed to monitor the state of sand filters used in drinking water treatment. Changes in the sand filter, due to the removal of suspended particles from the water and their accumulation in the pores, result in an increase of the bulk density and acoustic speed of the granular material. Consequently, the reflected acoustic response changes as the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effective production of rapid filters with polystyrene granules as a media filter

    In conventional water treatment stations, the filter cleaning is performed with the use of filtered water. To save water and obtain higher production, the use of polystyrene (PS) beads has been proposed as a granular filter element because it is a granular element with a low specific mass. By being lightweight, this material requires a lower water velocity during backwash. The PS beads were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rapid sand filtration pretreatment for SWRO: microbial maturation dynamics and filtration efficiency of organic matter..Desalination 286 :120, 2012

    Rapid sand filtration (RSF) is used today as an effective pretreatment procedure to enhance water quality prior to reverse osmosis (RO) membranes in desalination plants. RSF in newly operated desalination facilities requires a maturation period of about three months before the feedwater may be filtered efficiently. To date the desalination industry RSF has regarded RSF mainly as a ...

  • Contributions of homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological iron(II) oxidation in aeration and rapid sand filtration (RSF) in field sites

    In groundwater treatment, after aeration, iron(II) is precipitated in rapid sand filtration (RSF) by homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological oxidation. The contribution of homogeneous iron(II) oxidation may be calculated from equations and constants available in the literature. Heterogeneous iron(II) oxidation produces hydrous ferric oxides coated filter sand, resulting in a growing filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological aspects of slow sand filtration: past, present and future

    For over 200 years, slow sand filtration (SSF) has been an effective means of treating water for the control of microbiological contaminants in both small and large community water supplies. However, such systems lost popularity to rapid sand filters mainly due to smaller land requirements and less sensitivity to water quality variations. SSF is still a particularly attractive process because its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effectiveness of coagulants and coagulant aids for the removal of filter-clogging Synedra

    The occurrence of Synedra spp. in the source water of the CheongJu water treatment plant (South Korea) decreased filter run times of rapid sand filters to below 5 hours. During the filter-clogging episode, full-scale Synedra removal by coagulation with polyaluminium hydrogen chloride silicate (PAHCS), flocculation and sedimentation ranged from 20 to 70%. To reduce filter clogging, strategies ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effectiveness of coagulants and coagulant aids for the removal of filter-clogging Synedra

    ABSTRACTThe occurrence of Synedra spp. in the source water of the CheongJu water treatment plant (South Korea) decreased filter run times of rapid sand filters to below 5 hours. During the filter-clogging episode, full-scale Synedra removal by coagulation  with polyaluminium hydrogen chloride silicate (PAHCS), flocculation and sedimentation ranged from 20 to 70%. To reduce filter clogging, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Lakeside Community Tackles a WWTF Upgrade

    Blodgett Landing, a community of about 145 homes on the shores of Lake Sunapee in Newbury, New Hampshire, operates a 50,000-gpd wastewater treatment facility (WWTF) that is unable to meet current groundwater discharge standards with the existing Imhoff tank and sand filters/rapid infiltration basins (RIBs). A pilot project was begun in 2001 to reduce nitrate loadings to the groundwater. Effluent ...

  • Experimental evaluations of water treatment systems using a pilot-scale plant for adaptations to a sharp increase in raw-water turbidity caused by climate change

    One effect of climate change on the water supply systems in Japan may be a sharp increase in the raw-water turbidity following heavy rain. The objective of this study was to evaluate water treatment performance with a sharp increase in raw-water turbidity. This evaluation was carried out from the perspective of turbidity response by a pilot-scale plant using sand filtration and membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Iron and manganese removal from groundwater by filtration through a chalcedonite bed

    The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of iron and manganese removal from groundwater using chalcedonite sand as a filter bed in rapid filtration. The experiment was conducted at a pilot plant. At the first stage of research, chalcedonite and silica sand were compared. The ripening time for manganese removal of chalcedonite was 27 days while silica sand was ripened within 57 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Traditional and novel reservoir management techniques to enhance water quality for subsequent potable water treatment

    Thames Water treats approximately 2800Ml/d of water originating mainly from the lowland rivers Thames and Lee for supply to over 7.3 million customers, principally in the cities of London and Oxford. Traditionally, for London, water treatment has consisted of abstraction (pumping water from the rivers Thames and Lee), theoretical storage for 30–80 days in deep reservoirs, two stage filtration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Treatment Plant - Birse Construction/Powergen

    A large scale water treatment system rental to Birse Construction as part of the enabling works for site redevelopment.Each separator/settling tank was equipped with a duty and standby pump.The size of activated carbon vessel is unique within the UK with a flow capacity of 200 m3/hr. The vessel contains 20 tonnes of activated carbon and GRS can mobilise several of these at short notice, thus ...


  • Two innovative devices for depth sampling in granular filtration systems. Desalination 286: 115–119, 2012.

    Appropriate devices for obtaining either interstitial water or grain particle samples or for measuring dissolved oxygen (DO) at depth within the interior of large-scale, industrial granular bed filters are currently lacking. We developed two innovative samplers for studying a Rapid Sand Filter (RSF) at an operational SWRO plant: the first for water and granular material, the second ...

  • Loch Turret water treatment works

    Actiflo® high rate sand ballasted clarification & multiflo lamella sludge thickening plant The Loch Turret upgrade was the largest drinking water project for Scottish Water in the latest investment period. The scheme was taken over in 2010 and is delivers approx 85 million litres of drinking water per day The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest ...


  • Biological ammonia removal field studies for drinking water treatment

    In order to study the applicability of biological ammonia removal from drinking water, field experiments with 10 L/h flow rate were carried out at a case-study area, where raw water contained arsenic, iron, manganese, dissolved gases (methane, aggressive carbon dioxide) and ammonia. The technology applied at the waterworks consisted of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) dosing and rapid sand ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of pH on the flocculation behaviors of kaolin using a pH-sensitive copolymer

    pH-sensitive copolymers have been widely introduced to achieve rapid dewatering and consolidation of solids in mining and oil sands processing wastes. But no more attention has been given to the flocculation efficiency of solid suspensions as a function of pH using pH-sensitive copolymer. In this study, a pH-sensitive copolymer was synthesized and employed to investigate the flocculation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Balmore WTW extension and upgrade, United Kingdom

    Scottish Water 455 MLD The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest water utility, responsible for the whole of Scotland and islands around the Scottish coast, including the major cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. The Client's Needs Balmore site had been in operation since 1971, consisting of ...


  • Corn starch-based treatment improves rainwater quality

    Rainwater harvesting can provide an alternative water source, which may demand little treatment, depending on the end use. Some starches have been used in water treatment as coagulant/flocculant/filtration aid, and might be applied as primary coagulant. Here, we show direct filtration with hydraulic rapid mixing, using 2–6 mg L−1 cationic corn starch as primary coagulant, considerably improves ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced Filtration Media (AFM): Clean Water Market Analysis

    Executive Summary This report has been prepared by Entec to provide a market assessment of the application of AFM (Advanced Filtration Media) for potable water treatment. The work has been carried out on behalf of BREWEB, the Environmental Body of the Building Research Establishment and Dryden Aqua Limited, the developers of AFM. AFM is a high quality product that has been developed as ...

  • Blairlinnans WTW, Scottish Water, 91 MLD

    The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest water utility. They are responsible for the whole of Scotland and islands around the Scottish coast, including the major cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. The Client's Needs Scottish Water required a new water treatment works in the Glasgow area to meet revised water quality standards, particularly ...


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