real-time total organic carbon analyzer Articles

  • City of Houston Total Organic Carbon - Case Study

    ABSTRACT The City of Houston, Texas has been aware of the implications that current and pending regulatory standards would have on the operation of their four surface water treatment facilities. In particular, the City has closely monitored changes in regulations related to enhanced coagulation, total organic carbon (TOC) removal, and disinfection by-products (DBP) reduction. The ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Case study - Cost-saving solutions using Sievers InnovOx TOC analyzers - optimizing organic loading

    Cost Concern  A company’s inability to recognize real-time organic loading changes in their wastewater treatment plant could result in excessive charges from the local water utility. Company Challenge A production facility located in the U.S. Midwest currently controls the organic loading in their wastewater’s chemical treatment ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Case study - Sievers 900/5310 C series TOC analyzers — calibration

    Synopsis The Sievers* 900 and 5310 C Series TOC Analyzers incorporate a number of new features and options designed toimprove the accuracy and linearity of the TOC measurements. Three new calibration options are available in the Analyzers: automatic conductivity offset, automatic TOC autozero, and single- or multipoint calibration of the TC and IC channels Conductivity ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • The Real Cost Associated With Neodymium Wind Turbines

    According to a research organized by a group of UK scientists, it is predicated that 15% of the country’s energy requirements in the year 2020 are expected to come from renewable energy sources. They have also considered about the wind farms that are popping in every corner of the country to come into this conclusion. These reports have created several contradictions among people as well. ...


    By Stanford Magnets

  • Impact of carbon to nitrogen ratio on nitrogen removal at a low oxygen concentration in a sequencing batch biofilm reactor

    A sequencing batch biofilm reactor (SBBR) filled with polyurethane (PU) was operated in low dissolved oxygen (DO) (0.1–0.9 mg/L) at three different carbon to nitrogen ratios (C/N ratios) (C/N = 1.8:1, 5.0:1 and 10.5:1) with focus on reactor performance and microbial community composition of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of toluene from water by photocatalytic oxidation with activated carbon supported Fe3+-doped TiO2 nanotubes

    In this work, activated carbon (AC)-supported TiO2 containing 1.0% (mass percent) of 1.0 at.% (atomic percent) Fe3+-doped TiO2 nanotubes (Fe-TNTs) were successfully synthesized. The catalyst was used to effectively decompose toluene in water under O3/UV conditions, and some properties including the morphology, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization of Algae by TOC Measurement

    Global warming due to the excessive use of fossil fuels is becoming a problem which has prompted and accelerated the search for alternative fuels. Among the more attractive alternatives is biomass fuel, which is attracting considerable attention. Microalgae can be used for the production of oil without competing with food production, and to a greater extent than other biofuels, its ...

  • Monitoring of Algae Growth by TOC Measurement

    Global warming due to the excessive use of fossil fuels is becoming a problem which has prompted and accelerated the search for alternative fuels. Among the more attractive alternatives is biomass fuel, which is attracting considerable attention. Microalgae can be used for the production of oil without competing with food production, and to a greater extent than other biofuels, its ...

  • TOC Determination in Solid Samples using the Suspension Method

    The TOC content in solids plays an important role in the classification of soils, sludges and sediments. According to the German Ordinance on Environmentally Compatible Storage of Waste from Human Settlements, TOC in solid materials is one of the key parameters for the characterization of wastes as part of the acceptance control of landfills. This important control measure requires a ...

  • Application notes: TOC analysis in a chemical laboratory

    What You Need to Know Analytical laboratories in the chemical industry are routinely tasked with monitoring organics in water across a wide range of applications. For example, organic carbon analysis is being used to: Monitor plant storm water and wastewater Test for condensate system or boiler integrity Enhance cooling and make-up water quality ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Expert insight: test method basics for oxidizer permit requirements

    Whenever a new oxidizer is installed to control Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions, the question often comes up: What test method should I use to demonstrate that the device meets permit requirements?   Most states allow you the choice of three EPA Test Methods: 18, 25 and 25A. Of these, use of Method 25A is usually the most desirable, for a few reasons. One, Method 25A provides real ...

  • Characterizing potential water quality impacts from soils treated with dust suppressants

    Received for publication April 24, 2008. Two separate laboratory experiment series, surface runoff and steady-state seepage, were performed to determine if dust suppressant products can be applied to soils with an expected minimal to no negative impact on water quality. The experiments were designed to mimic arid field conditions and used two soils (clayey and sandy) and six different dust ...

  • Chemical characterization and preliminary source contribution of fine particulate matter in the Mexicali/Imperial valley border area

    ABSTRACTThe airshed shared by the Valley of Mexicali in Mexico and Imperial Valley in the United States frequently experiences high levels of particulate matter (PM) less than 10 #1;m (PM10). However, very little information exists on the concentration  and composition of fine PM (PM #2;2.5 #1;m, or PM2.5) in the region, particularly on the Mexican side of the border. This paper  ...

  • Assessment of rainwater harvesting systems at a university in Taipei

    Rainwater harvesting systems (RWHSs), a pilot-scale one (PSR) and a full-scale one (FSR), at a university campus in Taipei were assessed. Characteristics of harvested rainwater were analyzed, including pH, electrical conductivity (EC), turbidity, alkalinity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total coliform (TC), concentration of 14 metals (Al, Ca, K, Mg, Na, Cu, Fe, Mn, V, Zn, Cd, Cr, Pb and Ni) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • TVOC measurement for LEED/green building evaluation

    Total Volatile Organic Compounds (TVOC) may be evaluated when building designers/managers are pursuing the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System for New Construction (LEED-NC) EQ Credit 3.2. The latest LEED-NC guidance document specifies that the maximum allowed concentration of TVOC measured in a building (post construction, pre-occupancy) is 500 µg/m3; the ...


  • Simplified mass balance method: An accurate way to track refrigerant emissions

    With the simplified mass balance method, current levels of harmful refrigerant gases or other chemicals that harm the environment, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CHCs), can be calculated and work to better predict of future levels of accumulated emissions formulated. This emissions information enables environmental scientists and government regulators to better ...


    By Verisae

  • Auto Supply Chains Facing Increased Scrutiny

    Few industries face the same level of increased environmental scrutiny as the automotive industry, according to a column by 3E Company solutions engineer Kami Blake, published on Chemical Watch. Expanding environmental compliance requirements, ecological mandates and nongovernmental organization watch groups are all ...


    By 3E Company

  • Toxicological and Environmental Safety Data - Case Study

    Introduction AGRAGEL is a cross-linked copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamide partially neutralized as potassium/ ammonium salt. The polymer is in its dry form a granulate and forms a gel-like material upon addition of water or aqueous solutions. Due to the cross-linking it is insoluble in water. Uptake of water is facilitated mainly by the negative carboxylic groups of the polymer and ...

  • Composting releases less air pollution than previously thought - study

    A new study funded by the California Integrated Waste Board (CIWMB) indicates that well-managed composting of green waste and food waste releases significantly less air pollution than previously thought. The study also demonstrates that a relatively inexpensive management technique - covering active compost piles with a layer of finished compost - may lower air emissions even further, by as ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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