recirculating chiller Articles

  • Determining Proper Cooling Tower Size

    To maximize water-based cooling tower benefits, the appropriate tower size must be selected, requiring the identification of several critical factors. Cooling towers are a relatively inexpensive and reliable way of expelling heat from a number of industrial processes, including nuclear & thermal power plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, food processing plants, as well as HVAC ...


    By Delta Cooling Towers, Inc

  • Chemical-Free Treatment of Recirculating Water Using Pulsed-Power

    Untitled Document Regulatory pressures and economic considerations require industry to become cleaner, more efficient, and more environmentally benign. Such operating principles advance not only ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Monitoring Multiple Gas Hazards in Ice Arenas

    The equipment used in an arena such as an ice re-surfacer, ice edger, floor sweepers, lift trucks and other special equipment are more often powered by fuel than electricity. The exhaust produced by the gas, propane or diesel fuel powered machines emits, into the air, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulates. Ammonia (NH3) is commonly used in the ice chiller mechanical room ...

  • Concentration and solvent recovery of environmental samples in dichloromethane

    Environmental samples are usually extracted with an organic solvent which is then concentrated prior to final analysis. In this short note, initial conditions and evaporation settings for the parallel concentration of samples dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) having different starting volumes are presented. These settings have been optimized for high analyte and high solvent recoveries. ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Biofilms reduce cooling tower efficiency, increase cost, and create a biohazard

    Definition: Biofilm is a gelatinous layer that forms in cooling water systems on heat transfer surfaces, fill material, and basins. Biofilm consists of microbial cells, the polysaccharide biopolymer they produce, and debris extracted from the recirculating cooling water. Problems Caused by Biofilm: Physical plugging of cooling tower fill, tubes, and water passages Accelerated ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Jacksonville electric authority’s central chilled water plant, Jacksonville, FL

    Situation: In January 2003, the Jacksonville Electric Authority (JEA) started up it’s new central chilled water plant that was built to supply chilled water to that city’s new Sports Complex, which includes brand new baseball and football stadiums as well as a new indoor sports complex. Future expansion is planned as the area undergoes further development and a new waterfront ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • How to Save with Cooling Tower Credits

    Cooling towers dissipate heat from recirculating water used to cool chillers, air conditioners, or other process equipment to the ambient air. Heat is rejected to the environment from cooling towers through the process of evaporation. Therefore, by design, cooling towers use significant amounts of water. The thermal efficiency and longevity of the cooling tower and equipment depend on the proper ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Case History - Ammonia Emergency Plan Calls on Packed Tower to Scrub Released Chemicals

    Croll-Reynolds designed the Union Camp packed tower scrubber for ammonia removal efficiency at 99+% for the minimum single valve release and well over 90% for the entire range of operation. A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp's Dover, OH, ...


  • Chemical Industry: Ammonia Emergency Plan Calls on Packed Tower to Scrub Released Chemicals Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively with ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Pulp & Paper: Ammonia Emergency Plan calls on Packed Tower Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Bell & Gossett introduces new hydronic pump selection criteria to maximize system efficiency

    Energy and maintenance expenses account for approximately 75 percent of the life-cycle costs of a centrifugal pump. With a growing emphasis on reducing energy consumption driven by government regulation and businesses seeking operational and financial efficiencies, HVAC system designers are seeking system solutions that maximize efficiencies while reducing costs. To address this demand and the ...

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