rectangular tank Articles

  • Rectangular tank surface aerators: scale up criteria and energy conservation

    Surface aeration experiments were conducted in two types of rectangular tanks of aspect ratios i.e., length to width ratio (L/W) of 1.5 and 2 and developed simulation equations to correlate the oxygen transfer coefficient, k and power number, P0 with a parameter governing theoretical power per unit volume X. The parameter X is defined as equal to F4/3R1/3, where F and R are impellers’ Froude and ...

  • Development of a flocculation sub-model for a 3-D CFD model based on rectangular settling tanks

    To assess performance and evaluate alternatives to improve the efficiency of rectangular Gould II type final settling tanks (FSTs), New York City Department of Environmental Protection and City College of NY developed a 3D computer model depicting the actual structural configuration of the tanks and the current and proposed hydraulic and solids loading rates. Fluent 6.3.26™ was the base platform ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rectangular vs. Circular Clarifiers: Which is better?

    Both rectangular and circular configurations have been commonly used in clarifier basins. The relative merits of the two have been discussed at length for decades. Historically, the selection of rectangular versus circular clarifiers has been based on past experience and the preference of the design engineer or design company. Initial wastewater treatment plant designs in the United States were ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • Application of a CFD Model to Improve the Performance of Rectangular Clarifiers

    There has been a long standing debate about the relative merits of circular and rectangular clarifiers. Both have been shown to be capable of excellent performance and both have experienced problems. The hydrodynamics of each configuration under similar hydraulic loading differ in fundamental aspects that determine what types of geometric modifications are likely to improve the clarifier ...

  • Analysis of suspended solids transport processes in primary settling tanks

    The paper shows the results of a long-term research comprising FLUENT-based numerical modeling, in situ measurements and laboratory tests to analyze suspended solids (SS) transport processes in primary settling tanks (PSTs). The investigated PST was one of the rectangular horizontal flow PSTs at a large municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) of a capacity of 500,000 population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessomg the Performance of Secondary Settling Tank by Means of Flow Modeling

    ABSTRACTA model of the double-decker rectangular settling tanks proposed for the Wastewater Treatment Plant of Besòs in Barcelona, Spain was prepared using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The modeling approach used was a three dimensional, multi-phase simulations with solids transport and removal included, and reflected the state of the art in clarifier modeling. Special attention was paid to ...

  • Operation of a solids contact tank at low dissolved oxygen and low total suspended solids concentrations

    Solids retention time (SRT) and dissolved oxygen concentration (DO) set points were optimized at a 32 MGD trickling filter-solids contact tank system. OPTImasterTM on-line optimization software was used for set points selection. Set points were maintained automatically using SRTmaster and DOmaster - sludge age and dissolved oxygen automatic control systems. Referenced above biological system was ...

  • Turbulence in continuous flow surface aeration systems

    Turbulence characteristics in an optimal continuous surface aeration system were investigated in this study. The experimental system consists of a rectangular tank, where flow is driven by equally spaced aerators placed on the liquid surface. The mass-transfer coefficient and turbulent parameters at the tank's inlet and outlet were measured to enable analysis of their interdependent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fabrication of 4500 cu.m/day MSF plant equipment

    The 4500 M³/day Multistage Flash (MSF) plant fabrication is nearing completion in Kalpakkam, India. This includes in total the fabrication of brine heater, deaerator, vacuum system consisting of steam jet ejector and condensers, process tanks, pumps, piping system and ten rectangular vessels meant for heat recovery and heat rejection in the MSF desalination process. This paper describes the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimise inlet condition and design parameters of a new sewer overflow screening device using numerical model

    After heavy rainfall, sewer overflow spills to receiving water bodies cause serious concern for the environment, aesthetics and public health. To overcome these problems this study investigated a new self-cleansing sewer overflow screening device. The device has a sewer overflow chamber, a rectangular tank and a slotted ogee weir to capture the gross pollutants. To design an efficient screening ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmentally friendly sequencing batch reactor design keeps noise, energy & capital costs low

    Perry Township in Fayette County, Pennsylvania is one of the first SBR plants to utilize a surface mounted process aerator/mixer, which is a significant improvement over the traditional diffused air network designs. The new layout offers substantial capital investment savings as well as significant reductions in noise, operations/ maintenance, and energy consumption. KLH Engineers, Inc., ...

  • Customers Problem - Results of Komax Scepter Direct Injection Steam Heater

    A major industrial account in the state of Maine needed to heat a large rectangular tank of water in less then 30 minutes to provide quick startup to their production. After seeing the simplicity of the Komax "Scepter" direct steam tank heater with no moving parts they ordered one. RESULTS OF KOMAX SCEPTER DIRECT INJECTION STEAM HEATER The 6 inch diameter Scepter Heater was ...


    By Komax Systems, Inc.

  • Modeling of Sedimentation in Stormwater Detention Basins

    ABSTRACTTo minimize the non-point source pollution from roadway surface, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) initiated a research project for design of a small footprint non-proprietary detention basin, which consists of pipes and box culvert sections with specialized inlet and outlet system. A conceptual model was developed to estimate particle removal efficiency of the rectangular ...

  • New sludge blanket level analyzer from Entech

    Entech Design, Inc.’s BinMinder 9300 features a multi-channel analyzer designed for superior sludge level detection in the full range of water and wastewater applications. The system consists of an analyzer that is capable of operating from one to four sensors or transducers for reliable and cost-effective measurement. Measurements are made by transmitting a high frequency sound wave and ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • High Pb concentration stress on Typha latifolia growth and Pb removal in microcosm wetlands

    When constructed wetlands are used to treat high-Pb wastewater, Pb may become a stress to wetland plants, which subsequently reduces treatment performance and the other ecosystem services. To facilitate the design and operation of constructed wetlands for treatment of Pb-rich wastewater, we investigated the irreversible inhibitory level of Pb for Typha latifolia through experiments in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heat recovery from wastewater

    Heat recovery from gray water is particularly important in water-intensive industries such as pulp and paper plants, dairies and breweries. Rather than flushing used water down the drain, consider whether a heat exchanging system can help you put that energy to work in your process again. Most plant operators arc aware of the need to save money and reduce the environmental impact of their plant ...


    By DDI Heat Exchangers Inc.

  • Why and When You Need Secondary Containment

    Implementing secondary storage solutions by providing environmental and pollution solutions can further midigate potential risk to the environment. The world is a precious resource. By using smart storage solutions and sound secondary containment measures, we can protect and preserve the environment. Such solutions are “preventative”. Low-cost secondary containment measures are very ...


    By ModuTank Inc.

  • SBR keeps noise, energy & capital costs low - Case Study

    Pennsylvania is home to one of the first Argos® SBR plants to utilize a surface mounted process aerator/mixer, which is a significant improvement over the traditional diffused air network designs. The new layout offers substantial capital investment savings as well as significant reductions in ...

  • WWTP Marines, Spain upgrading a municipal WWTP using AGAR® technology A Case Study

    Case Study: Municipal plantStart up: May 2007Capacity: 380 m3/d Abstract In view of EU directives for effluent discharge, it was required to upgrade the local sewage plant in the town of Marines, Valencia (Spain). The technology chosen for the project was AGAR® (Attached Growth Airlift Rector) of AqWise - Wise Water Technologies Ltd. La Entidad Pública de ...

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...

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