rectangular tank Articles

  • Rectangular tank surface aerators: scale up criteria and energy conservation

    Surface aeration experiments were conducted in two types of rectangular tanks of aspect ratios i.e., length to width ratio (L/W) of 1.5 and 2 and developed simulation equations to correlate the oxygen transfer coefficient, k and power number, P0 with a parameter governing theoretical power per unit volume X. The parameter X is defined as equal to F4/3R1/3, where F and R are impellers’ Froude and ...

  • Application of a CFD Model to Improve the Performance of Rectangular Clarifiers

    There has been a long standing debate about the relative merits of circular and rectangular clarifiers. Both have been shown to be capable of excellent performance and both have experienced problems. The hydrodynamics of each configuration under similar hydraulic loading differ in fundamental aspects that determine what types of geometric modifications are likely to improve the clarifier ...

  • Development of a flocculation sub-model for a 3-D CFD model based on rectangular settling tanks

    To assess performance and evaluate alternatives to improve the efficiency of rectangular Gould II type final settling tanks (FSTs), New York City Department of Environmental Protection and City College of NY developed a 3D computer model depicting the actual structural configuration of the tanks and the current and proposed hydraulic and solids loading rates. Fluent 6.3.26™ was the base platform ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of suspended solids transport processes in primary settling tanks

    The paper shows the results of a long-term research comprising FLUENT-based numerical modeling, in situ measurements and laboratory tests to analyze suspended solids (SS) transport processes in primary settling tanks (PSTs). The investigated PST was one of the rectangular horizontal flow PSTs at a large municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) of a capacity of 500,000 population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessomg the Performance of Secondary Settling Tank by Means of Flow Modeling

    ABSTRACTA model of the double-decker rectangular settling tanks proposed for the Wastewater Treatment Plant of Besòs in Barcelona, Spain was prepared using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The modeling approach used was a three dimensional, multi-phase simulations with solids transport and removal included, and reflected the state of the art in clarifier modeling. Special attention was paid to ...

  • Operation of a solids contact tank at low dissolved oxygen and low total suspended solids concentrations

    Solids retention time (SRT) and dissolved oxygen concentration (DO) set points were optimized at a 32 MGD trickling filter-solids contact tank system. OPTImasterTM on-line optimization software was used for set points selection. Set points were maintained automatically using SRTmaster and DOmaster - sludge age and dissolved oxygen automatic control systems. Referenced above biological system was ...

  • Optimise inlet condition and design parameters of a new sewer overflow screening device using numerical model

    After heavy rainfall, sewer overflow spills to receiving water bodies cause serious concern for the environment, aesthetics and public health. To overcome these problems this study investigated a new self-cleansing sewer overflow screening device. The device has a sewer overflow chamber, a rectangular tank and a slotted ogee weir to capture the gross pollutants. To design an efficient screening ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fabrication of 4500 cu.m/day MSF plant equipment

    The 4500 M³/day Multistage Flash (MSF) plant fabrication is nearing completion in Kalpakkam, India. This includes in total the fabrication of brine heater, deaerator, vacuum system consisting of steam jet ejector and condensers, process tanks, pumps, piping system and ten rectangular vessels meant for heat recovery and heat rejection in the MSF desalination process. This paper describes the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmentally friendly sequencing batch reactor design keeps noise, energy & capital costs low

    Perry Township in Fayette County, Pennsylvania is one of the first SBR plants to utilize a surface mounted process aerator/mixer, which is a significant improvement over the traditional diffused air network designs. The new layout offers substantial capital investment savings as well as significant reductions in noise, operations/ maintenance, and energy consumption. KLH Engineers, Inc., ...

  • Hartevatn - The treatment plant of the future case study

    Bykle Council made a decision to build a complete new treatment plant at the southern end of the Harte Lake (Hartevatn). The plant is an innovation both in its architecture and its technical design. The processing plant is housed in an open industrial building about 790 m² with separate rooms for sludge removal, blowers and ventilators. The building is equipped with a 3.2 tonnes overhead ...

  • Customers Problem - Results of Komax Scepter Direct Injection Steam Heater

    A major industrial account in the state of Maine needed to heat a large rectangular tank of water in less then 30 minutes to provide quick startup to their production. After seeing the simplicity of the Komax "Scepter" direct steam tank heater with no moving parts they ordered one. RESULTS OF KOMAX SCEPTER DIRECT INJECTION STEAM HEATER The 6 inch diameter Scepter Heater was ...


    By Komax Systems, Inc.

  • Modeling of Sedimentation in Stormwater Detention Basins

    ABSTRACTTo minimize the non-point source pollution from roadway surface, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) initiated a research project for design of a small footprint non-proprietary detention basin, which consists of pipes and box culvert sections with specialized inlet and outlet system. A conceptual model was developed to estimate particle removal efficiency of the rectangular ...

  • Quebec recovers heat energy from sewage in Baied`Urfe

    Energy recovery from municipal sewage and greywater offers cities a new reliable resource.  Erwin Schwartz of DDI Heat Exchangers Inc. reports on a novel application of rectangular, wide-gap heat exchangers that has worldwide potential. The Canadian company DDI Heat Exchangers Inc. installed, with the support of the Quebec provincial government and municipal sewage authority, the first ...


    By DDI Heat Exchangers Inc.

  • Mono on the move with sintec

    Mono’s Widethroat W range pump forms an essential part of Sintec’s mobile system by pumping the thicker groutmixes more quickly and efficiently. Once the mobile system is in-situ and drilling of an exploratory hole is almost complete, a mixer combines the bentonite/cement grouts to form bentonite slurry. This is then transferred by the W Range pump to the holdingtank ready for injection into the ...

  • Heat recovery from wastewater

    Heat recovery from gray water is particularly important in water-intensive industries such as pulp and paper plants, dairies and breweries. Rather than flushing used water down the drain, consider whether a heat exchanging system can help you put that energy to work in your process again. Most plant operators arc aware of the need to save money and reduce the environmental impact of their plant ...


    By DDI Heat Exchangers Inc.

  • High Pb concentration stress on Typha latifolia growth and Pb removal in microcosm wetlands

    When constructed wetlands are used to treat high-Pb wastewater, Pb may become a stress to wetland plants, which subsequently reduces treatment performance and the other ecosystem services. To facilitate the design and operation of constructed wetlands for treatment of Pb-rich wastewater, we investigated the irreversible inhibitory level of Pb for Typha latifolia through experiments in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New sludge blanket level analyzer from Entech

    Entech Design, Inc.’s BinMinder 9300 features a multi-channel analyzer designed for superior sludge level detection in the full range of water and wastewater applications. The system consists of an analyzer that is capable of operating from one to four sensors or transducers for reliable and cost-effective measurement. Measurements are made by transmitting a high frequency sound wave and ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...

  • Upgrading Pre-Existing DAF Clarifiers

    Whether a Mill is pursuing a facility wide directive to reduce water consumption or simply looking for better performance from a presently installed DAF clarifier, the advancements discussed in this overview offer proven techniques to optimize existing DAF system operations. Significant operational cost reductions can be achieved with DAF System Upgrades. In addition, increasing DAF performance ...


    By World Water Works, Inc.

  • Case study - SBR keeps noise, energy & capital costs low

    Pennsylvania is home to one of the first Argos® SBR plants to utilize a surface mounted process aerator/mixer, which is a significant improvement over the traditional diffused air network designs. The new layout offers substantial capital investment savings as well as significant reductions in ...

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