reducing stormwater pollution Articles

  • Reducing stormwater costs through low impact development (LID) strategies and practices

    This report summarizes 17 case studies of developments that include Low Impact Development (LID) practices and concludes that applying LID techniques can reduce project costs and improve environmental performance. In most cases, LID practices were shown to be both fiscally and environmentally beneficial to communities. In a few cases, LID project costs were higher than those for conventional ...

  • Radial-flow filtration reduces zinc and toxicity in stormwater from roof runoff

    Untitled Document In the late 1990s, the Puget Sound Regional Council concluded its sole option for expanding commercial aviation capacity was at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. At the ...


  • Preliminary investigation into the pollution reduction performance of swales used in a stormwater treatment train

    Permeable pavements have been shown to be effective stormwater treatment devices that can greatly reduce surface runoff and significantly improve the quality of stormwater runoff in urban areas. However, the potential problems with sediment clogging and consequent maintenance requirements have been identified as the main barriers to more widespread adoption of permeable pavements in urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seattle Stormwater Management

    Since the 1990s the city of Seattle – a major coastal seaport in the North West of the U.S. – has invested heavily in cleaning up and reducing severe pollution of the water environment. Some of the ideas to help prevent water pollution can be of great inspiration to cities in Europe. Read more ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • Modeled Flow Duration Variations, Pollutant Discharges, and Costs for Different Stormwater Controls

    ABSTRACTRunoff volume and pollutant discharges increase with development, with associated detrimental receiving water effects. These increases can be partially controlled by installing stormwater control practices, such as wet detention pond at outfalls, using conservation design controls such as grass swales and bioretention devices, and by improved development practices that reduce the amounts ...

  • Stormwater: Questions and Answers

    The whole subject of Stormwater is complicated. Here's a chance for you to check out some of the most frequently asked questions about stormwater . . . and their answers. What is an NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) permit? The Clean Water Act prohibits anybody from discharging 'pollutants' through a 'point source' into a 'water of the United States' unless they ...


    By Ben Meadows

  • The urban stormwater farm

    Currently more than 3 billion people live in urban areas. The urban population is predicted to increase by a further 3 billion by 2,050. Rising oil prices, unreliable rainfall and natural disasters have all contributed to a rise in global food prices. Food security is becoming an increasingly important issue for many nations. There is also a growing awareness of both ‘food miles’ and ‘virtual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMP)

    Storm water is the result of rain or snow melt that collects in an area that can drain from into a nearby body of waters such as a lake or river. The water can collect on roof tops, parking lots, saturated ground, roads, etc. The problem is that many of the pollutants of our modern living such as oil, grease, pesticides, sediment, salt, and animal waste are washed away within the storm water and ...

  • Modeling of Sedimentation in Stormwater Detention Basins

    ABSTRACTTo minimize the non-point source pollution from roadway surface, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) initiated a research project for design of a small footprint non-proprietary detention basin, which consists of pipes and box culvert sections with specialized inlet and outlet system. A conceptual model was developed to estimate particle removal efficiency of the rectangular ...

  • Evaluation of stormwater BMPs for implementing industrial stormwater permitting strategy

    This study assesses the performance of stormwater best management practices (BMPs) in industrial sectors and their effluent quality to facilitate the development of technology-based numerical effluent criteria. Generally, retention ponds outperform other BMP types for reducing total suspended solids, and media filter and wetland basins outperform other BMPs for metal removal. Detention basins ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lake Lenexa Stormwater Management Project

    Using cutting-edge technologies to significantly upgrade wastewater treatment in coastal areas, B&V Water helped Southern Water keep pace with the requirements of new UK and EU legislation. B&V Water took an innovative approach to turn stormwater management into a recreational park in Lenexa, Kansas, and offer communities globally a successful integrated stormwater strategy. As ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Stormwater Solids Reduction for NPDES Permits

    Finally obtaining a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit is often a relief but is by far not the end of the story. Meeting the requirements of that permit often proves to be quite difficult and stiff fines are freely doled out to those who fail to meet regulatory limits. For one Midwest jet propulsion manufacturing facility, the issue of total daily solids discharge ...

  • Inclined Plate Settlers to Treat Stormwater Solids

    ABSTRACTIt has been well-documented that, in stormwater runoff, many of the problem pollutants are associated with the particulate fraction. Past characterization of urban runoff and source contributions has shown the following: (a) soil disturbance increased the TSS and turbidity in the runoff; and (b) correlations were observed between TSS and particulate runoff concentrations of chromium, ...

  • Innovative technologies for management of stormwater and combined sewer flows

    Stormwater flows have historically been considered as harmless. Studies have shown that these flows cannot be dismissed as easily. Chebbo (1992), Marsalek et al.,(1997) and others have shown that stormwater is a source of diffuse pollution with a high source of total suspended solids (TSS), adsorbed hydrocarbons (HC) and nutrient loads (N, P, etc..). All these factors influence the quality of the ...

  • Super Size My Stormwater Treatment System, Please!

    Many municipalities have vast areas of developed impervious acreage from which stormwater drains without any form of treatment. These drainage systems were designed decades ago, predating regulatory requirement for nonpoint source pollution control. Every year pollutants from these sites discharge high levels of sediment, nutrients, trash, and heavy metals into local waters, impairing usage, ...


    By BaySaver Technologies, Inc.

  • How to Plan Stormwater Management for Urban Areas

    Water is a vital commodity in our lives, but it is possible to have too much water all at once in our lives, especially following violent storms or snow melt. This excess water, lying on the ground, swelling rivers, canals and drains to over-capacity is known as stormwater. In order to make the best use of this water, local authorities need to safely contain stormwater while any ...


    By Liquivault

  • Retrofitting an Existing Stormwater System to Meet Numerical Effluent Limits - Stormwater Management at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport

    ABSTRACTOwned and operated by the Port of Seattle, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (STIA) is the 28th busiest airport in the world. A Section 401 Water Quality Certification was issued to the Port to allow its expansion projects to proceed. This certification required existing portions of the airport be retrofitted to meet current stormwater standards. In addition, the Port’s renewed NPDES ...

  • Characterisation and settling of solids in an open, grassed, stormwater sewer network detention basin

    ABSTRACTThe objective of the study is to develop new operational management practices for detention tanks during rainfall events in order to limit flooding risk and, at the same time, to reduce pollutant discharges by optimising the settling process. This paper presents the results of the characterisation of settled particles in an open stormwater detention basin with grassed banks and bottom, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low impact development: San Francisco’s green approach to stormwater management

     ABSTRACT This paper presents the methods, findings, and policy implications of a comprehensive evaluation of low impact development (LID) techniques for the City of San Francisco. LID is an innovative approach to stormwater management that relies on decentralized, small-scale stormwater facilities and site-design techniques to reduce wet weather flows and to remove stormwater ...

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