reed-bed filter Articles

  • Performance of a system with full- and pilot-scale sludge drying reed bed units treating septic tank sludge in Brazil

    This study investigated the performance of sludge drying reed beds (SDRB) at full- and pilot-scale treating sludge from septic tanks in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The treatment units, planted with Cynodon spp., were based on an adaptation of the first-stage of the French vertical-flow constructed wetland, originally developed for treating sewage. Two different operational phases ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filter bed remediation - Case Study

    Biological filter beds usually consist of a mineral media over which effluent to be treated percolates. The media becomes host to a biomass which is grazed by a series of more complex organisms. If the growth of the biomass is greater than the rate at which the grazing occurs then the biomass film will accumulate in the bed. This will block the interstices of the media and restrict effluent ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Remediation of a failing filter bed Works - Case Study

    Greener Waste Technology is a Process Engineering and Environmental Consultancy specialising in the Municipal sector. Following several years of extensive research Greener Waste Technology has advanced the unique bacteria dosing technology which has been successfully introduced to a number of water companies. The BioCube is being successfully used in wastewater treatment to optimise processes ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Lauvåsen wastewater treatment in filter beds Norway

    Lauvåsen is a cluster of houses, holiday homes and a tourist resort in Sør-Fron municipal in Norway. 25 holiday homes, 3 houses and one tourist resort are connected to the treatment plant. This gives a dimensioning flow of: Qdim = 63 m3/day, a total of 284 pe. The treatment plant was built in 2002. Filter media used in this plant:  930 m3   Filtralite® P 0-4 mm270 ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Soil Filters

    Soil filters (in german: Retentionsbodenfilter) are facilities for the removal of nutrients and/or pollutants; typically on the level of an industrial site, a quarter or a drainage system (sub-)catchment. Usually they are located at the discharge points to surface waterbodies to ensure water quality standards. Soil filters consist of two parts: The first part is a retention pond or basin for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combination filters

    Simply defined, a combination filter is one that does at least one other processing job at the same time as filtering a suspension. The classic example, of course, is the packed bed of activated charcoal, which acts as a remover of chemical impurities from the suspension, as well as removing dust particles - although this is actually not a very good example, because it is primarily an adsorber, ...

  • The application of moving bed biofilm reactor to denitrification process after trickling filters

    The paper presents research of a prototype moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). The device was used for the post-denitrification process and was installed at the end of a technological system consisting of a septic tank and two trickling filters. The concentrations of suspended biomass and biomass attached on the EvU Perl moving bed surface were determined. The impact of the external organic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Upper Uvdal wastewater treatment plant - Filter bed

    The plant is designed as a traditional chemical and biological treatment plant, as a polishing step the effluent is going thru a filter bed with Filtralite before it is discharged into a small creek. The filter bed treatment plant is built with Filtralite P in Nore and Uvdal municipal in Norway. Uvdal ski resort, some houses and several hundred holiday homes are connected to the treatment plant. ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • A high-performance electropositive filter

    Reverse osmosis (RO) membranes have become the industry standard for purification of any feed water source. They are used extensively for producing high-purity, low-conductivity process water. They are also used for producing ultrapure water from fresh water because RO is presumed to be the ultimate purifier. Because RO filters are readily fouled by colloidal particles and biofilms, some method ...


    By Argonide Corporation

  • Bed expansion affects performance

    The experience of Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection staff over 14 years conducting filter plant performance evaluations led investigators to identify a coomon thread:'inadequate filter bed expansion eventually contributes to poor filter performance and reduced finished water quality.' The article points our that and insufficiently expanded filter is insufficiently cleaned, and ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Effect of filter media thickness on the performance of sand drying beds used for faecal sludge management

    The effect of sand filter media thickness on the performance of faecal sludge (FS) drying beds was determined in terms of: dewatering time, contaminant load removal efficiency, solids generation rate, nutrient content and helminth eggs viability in the dried sludge. A mixture of ventilated improved pit latrine sludge and septage in the ratio 1:2 was dewatered using three pilot-scale sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Saturated and unsaturated flow through sloped compost filter beds of different particle sizes

    Little is known about the hydraulics of sloped compost beds having active free and non-flowing zones, and used for runoff erosion and volume control, and heavy metal removal. Water sorption tests on yard waste compost indicated that water transfer between the two zones would be slow (6 hr for a 0.04 m rise). The free flowing zone in ≈1 m long sloped (15°) beds increased in depth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bio-augmentation of fixed film filters

    Once regarded as the main process option for the waste water treatment for small communities, circular biological filters, so common on the outskirts of towns for many years, provided a reliable low cost and low profile method of treating household waste water. Quiet and robust, their simple engineering and structural design could be easily maintained by a daily visit from an operator, who, on ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Evaluation of a hybrid upflow anaerobic sludge-filter bed reactor: effect of the proportion of packing medium on performance

    The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the volume occupied by the filter bed zone on the behavior of an anaerobic hybrid UASFB reactor. This configuration contains a sludge bed in the lower part of the reactor and a filter bed in the upper part. Three such reactors, each with a working volume of 9.8-L, were studied; these differed in proportion of packing medium occupying 50, 35 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Operation of an anaerobic filter compared with an anaerobic moving bed bioreactor for the treatment of waste water from hydrothermal carbonisation of fine mulch

    This experimental study investigates the anaerobic digestion of waste water from hydrothermal carbonisation of fine mulch (wood chips) in combination with a co-substrate for the first time. Two anaerobic reactors, an anaerobic filter (AF) and an anaerobic moving bed bioreactor (AnMBBR), were operated over a period of 131 days at mesophilic conditions. The organic loading rate was increased to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study about the influence of the pH and temperature in a biological wastewater trickling filter with beds of attached biomass to small stones case study

    Preliminaries This service is carried out from the agreement reached by Surcis with an engineering company to conduct a study on the approach to analyze the influence of temperature and pH in a municipal wastewater treatment plant provided with a tricking filter process with small stones (as biomass carriers), where there is a very poor nitrification process performance. This ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Nitrogen removal in micro-polluted surface water by the combined process of bio-filter and ecological gravel bed

    Nitrogen removal in micro-polluted surface water by the combined process of a bio-filter and an ecological gravel bed was studied. Sodium acetate was added into micro-polluted surface water as carbon source and the nitrogen removal under different C/N ratio, hydraulic load and temperature were investigated. The results showed that the variations in C/N ratio, hydraulic load and temperature have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulating accumulation of biofilms in biotrickling filter

    Accumulations and spatial and dynamic variations of biofilms in the media of a biotrickling filter were simulated using mathematical models for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) removal. Toluene was selected as the model VOC. Effects of toluene concentration and gas Empty Bed Contact Time (EBCT) on VOC removal were also investigated. Results showed that biofilm thickness increased with increased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water treatment plant filter improvements

    Client: City of Junction City, Kan. Completion Date: March 2003 Services Provided Filter rehabilitation Air scour system design Construction phase services Project Summary  Burns & McDonnell provided planning, design, bidding and construction services for the City of ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Biological Cr(VI) removal using bio-filters and constructed wetlands

    The bioreduction of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution was carried out using suspended growth and packed-bed reactors under a draw-fill operating mode, and horizontal subsurface constructed wetlands. Reactors were inoculated with industrial sludge from the Hellenic Aerospace Industry using sugar as substrate. In the suspended growth reactors, the maximum Cr(VI) reduction rate (about 2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

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