refinery emissions protocol Articles

  • Why did GHG emissions decrease in the EU in 2012?

    Total GHG emissions (excluding LULUCF) in the EU decreased again in 2012, reaching its lowest level since 1990. This continued the trend of emission reductions, which started in 2004. In line with EEA predictions last year2 GHG emissions between 2011 and 2012 decreased by 1.3 % in the EU28 and by 0.8 % in the EU-15. Figure 1 shows total greenhouse gas emissions in the period 1990–2012, both ...

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

  • Removal of Lead from Gasoline

    On 12th March 1997, the European Commission adopted a proposal from the Environment Commissioner Ritt Bjerregaard on a European Union strategy to combat acidification. The strategy will, by 2010, reduce significantly the extent of the areas in the European Union where the tolerance of sensitive ecosystems to acidity is exceeded. Main elements of the strategy include establishment of national ...


    By The World Bank

  • Energy and Environment in the European Union

    Introduction Energy gives personal comfort and mobility to people, and is essential for the generation of industrial, commercial and societal wealth. On the other hand, energy production and consumption (including heat and electricity production, oil refining and final uses in households, services, industry and transport) place considerable pressures on the environment. These pressures include ...

  • Trends and projections in Europe 2013 – Tracking progress towards Europe`s climate and energy targets until 2020

    This 2013 edition of the annual EEA 'Trends and projections' report aims to provide an assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy policy objectives. These targets include international commitments under the Kyoto Protocol (KP) and the EU's own commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20 % ...

  • If carbon pricing is so great, why isn’t it working?

    Political hurdles and low prices have made carbon pricing a low-impact affair. But there’s still hope it can help limit climate change. Earth’s atmosphere has long served as a free dump for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases generated by humans. That is changing as policy-makers embrace economists’ advice that the best way to cut greenhouse gas emissions is to charge an ...


    By Ensia

  • Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990–2013 and inventory report 2015 - Submission to the UNFCCC Secretariat

    ES.1 Background information on greenhouse gas inventories and climate change The European Union (EU), as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the years 1990 to t-2 for emissions and removals within the area covered by its Member States (i.e. domestic emissions taking place within its ...

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