refinery emissions regulation Articles

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Oil Refineries Fail to Report Millions of Pounds of Harmful Emissions

    Executive Summary This report summarizes the findings of an investigation by the minority staff of the House Government Reform Committee into fugitive emissions from oil refineries. The investigation was requested by Rep. Henry A. Waxman, the ranking member of the Committee on Government Reform. It finds that (1) oil refineries vastly underreport leaks from valves to federal and state regulators ...


  • The MACT for petroleum refinery FCCs is a fraud!

    This paper is a continuation of the author's research on the MACT regulation for abating pollution from Petroleum Refinery FCCs in the US. This paper highlights the flaws in the recently promulgated MACT for NSPS and non-NSPS FCC units. It details the inadequacies and the potential for perversity in the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) that are an integral part of the FCC MACT. It ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Control VOC`s in Refinery Wastewater

    Oil and water do not mix, like many of life’s one-liners this statement is basically true but not the whole story. Many hydrocarbon liquids, particularly aromatics, have significant solubilities in water: Benzene 1800 PPMVToluene 470Ethyl Benzene 150Xylenes 150 Petroleum refineries do not like salts in their feedstock since these corrode and foul process equipment. The first refining step is ...

  • Refinery MACT II Compliance – Are We There Yet?

    Refinery MACT II, 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart UUU, was published in Federal Register on April 12, 2002 by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This rule, as a subpart of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), controls hazardous air pollutants from catalytic cracking units (CCU), catalytic reforming unit (CRU), sulfur recovery units (SRU), and bypass lines ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Risk Assessment: Refinery MACT 1 and 2

    Section 112(f)(2) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) requires the U.S. EPA to determine for source categories subject to Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) standards whether the emission standards provide an ample margin of safety to protect public health.  This assessment is carried out by the U.S. EPA in a two-step ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • A constant eye on emissions

    Due to increasingly rigorous requirements for regulatory and permit compliance, organisations are seeking more from all compliance support systems. The ability to expand systems to encompass new, or migrate existing, regulatory calculations used to monitor environmental performance is vital. Planning strategically for a scalable and sustainable system has been shown to reduce overall compliance ...


    By Wood Group Mustang, Inc.

  • An integrated tool to forecast and reduce refinery contribution to SO2 pollution peaks

    For many plants, the annual average impact is significantly lower than the regulation limit. Nevertheless, in some critical meteorological conditions, pollution peaks may occur. The present study describes an original control method for refinery emissions based on meteorological forecast and dispersion modelling, to avoid SO2 pollution peaks. An integrated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Turning Carbon Emissions Into A Revenue Stream

    On the heels of the EPA’s new carbon rules proposed by President Obama on June 2, I wanted to take a closer look at a potential disruptive technological breakthrough: taking CO2 waste streams and turning them into saleable, value-added feedstocks. Certainly, the deployment of renewables, energy efficiency, smart grid, and energy storage technologies offer some of the most cost-effective ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Fugitive Emissions - Consent Decree Compliance Management; It is Possible!

    Untitled Document INTRODUCTION Fugitive emissions from process equipment such as valves, connectors, pumps, etc. can account for 30 to 60% of a petroleum ...


    By InspectionLogic Corporation

  • RFA Asks EPA To Allow Higher Ethanol Blends In Midwest Region After Refinery Outage Leads To High Prices At The Pump

    On August 14, 2015, the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) asked EPA to waive Reid Vapor Pressure requirements for E15 and to also allow E12 blending. Reid Vapor Pressure is a measure of gasoline's volatility and is regulated in the summer months to reduce health ...

  • Essential suite™ streamlines operations and saves money at one of the world`s largest oil refineries

    The Challenge: A joint venture between Lyondell Chemical Company and Citgo Petroleum, LYONDELL-CITGO Refining LP is a full conversion, integrated refinery that is able to process approximately 250,000 barrels per day of very heavy Venezuelan crude oil into products including gasoline, jet fuel, sulfur, petroleum coke and lubricants. LCR's Houston operation consists of about 1,100 employees and is ...


    By IHS

  • ETI Enterprise Software Streamlines Operations and Saves Money at One of the World`s Largest Oil Refineries

    Untitled Document The Challenge: A joint venture between Lyondell ...


    By IHS

  • Case study - Reactor vent emission control

    OVERVIEW Many chemical and petroleum companies use batch reactors to make their products.  These reactors typically have vents which are opened and closed during emptying, filling, mixing, heating or cooling and other steps of the production process.  The gases coming from these vents must be controlled under most government regulations.  Generally speaking, the ...

  • GHG regulation under the clean air act – recent developments

    EPA’s GHG Tailoring Rule and Senate Action On October 27, 2009, EPA published the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) and Title V Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Tailoring Rule in the Federal Register, followed by a 60-day public comment period that ended on December 28, 2009. The proposed rule represents EPA’s effort to decrease the number of sources subject to major source ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • New laser-based dust emission monitoring system

    Abstract A new generation of continuous particulate matter concentration monitoring instruments is presented, covering a measuring range of 0 to 1000 mg/m3. The laser-based scattered light instrument gives an improved stability as well as excellent resolution in the low range. This enables high concentration measurement as well as especially low emission monitoring down to 0.01 mg/m3 with a ...


    By Sigrist-Photometer AG

  • EPA Regulations Raise the Bar for Industrial Air Quality Testing

    Far-reaching environmental legislation continues to change the way Americans live, work, and run their businesses. For the past ...

  • A mathematical programming model for achieving total emission control in the petroleum refining industry

    This paper addresses the planning and optimisation of a petroleum refinery with consideration to multiple pollutants and greenhouse gases reduction alternatives. The study provides a tool that can be utilised for optimum pollution and greenhouse gases control strategy to achieve a given reduction level. The proposed method is based on a mathematical programming model whose performance is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands

    Are greenhouse gas emissions from Canada’s oil sands higher than those from conventional oil? Apparently yes, according to a new study funded in part by the U.S. Department of Energy. It says oil from Canada’s oil sands produce greenhouse-gas emissions that average 20% more than from oil from conventional U.S. crude. The study ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

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