refinery waste Articles

  • Solid Waste Management at a Refinery: Caltex Refinery, Lytton, Qld

     The Caltex Refinery in Lytton, Brisbane has implemented substantial changes in its solid waste management system since commissioning of the refinery in 1965. A number of new initiatives have been introduced within the solid waste management program and the integrated environmental management system. These initiatives were based on the cleaner production elements and in particular 'at ...


  • Determining Proper Cooling Tower Size

    To maximize water-based cooling tower benefits, the appropriate tower size must be selected, requiring the identification of several critical factors. Cooling towers are a relatively inexpensive and reliable way of expelling heat from a number of industrial processes, including nuclear & thermal power plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, food processing plants, as well as HVAC ...


    By Delta Cooling Towers, Inc

  • Cement industries solution to Waste Management - Remediation of oil refinery sludge basin

    Abstract Work was completed in early 1992 to clean up a 5.5 acre (2.2 ha) stormwater sludge basin for an oil refinery company. The basin, which had served as a stormwater collection and settling pond for over 40 years, contained oily sludges with high concentrations of certain metals and volatile organic compounds. The closure plan included a combination cement-bentonite slurry wall and jet ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Solid Waste Management: A Case Study of National Refinery Limited

    Investigations have been carried out to assess and characterize the waste being generated in one of the largest petrochemical refinery of Pakistan. It was found that the refinery complex generates about 2000 metric tons of solid waste and about 0.55 million gallons of waste water per day. Besides these gaseous pollutants like H2S, CO, CO2 NO2, and particulate matter are also emitted in the ...


  • Remediation of hydrocarbon contaminants from oil lagoons and refinery waste - case study

    In 2007 econ delivered an indirectly heated thermal desorption plant to a client in Kuwait. The plant is de-signed to treat various types of waste with hydrocarbon contaminant content. In particular refinery waste, oil lagoons and down hole drilling waste. The aim is to recover the waste hydrocarbons from the soil/sand and remediate the lagoons of their contaminants.  Due to the natural ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Client - Oil Refinery, Eastern Europe

    Project - Heavy Oil Pre-Heater As part of an overall facility upgrade this major oil refinery decided to seek ways of reducing its heavy oil pre-heating costs. A proposal was submitted that would enable waste heat from the refinery to be used as the source to safely pre-heat the stored heavy oil. The solution proposed the use of a gas to water recovery unit coupled to two heat pipe ...


    By Econotherm UK Ltd

  • Control VOC`s in Refinery Wastewater

    Oil and water do not mix, like many of life’s one-liners this statement is basically true but not the whole story. Many hydrocarbon liquids, particularly aromatics, have significant solubilities in water: Benzene 1800 PPMVToluene 470Ethyl Benzene 150Xylenes 150 Petroleum refineries do not like salts in their feedstock since these corrode and foul process equipment. The first refining step is ...

  • Refinery remediation: fuel recovery and recycling

    Introduction The site is a former refinery that occupied approximately 64 acres of land in West Texas. Refinery operations produced all grades of gasoline, tractor fuels, diesel, distillate products, and fuel oils and operated between 1939 and 1954. As a result of past waste management practices, releases to soils and ultimately ground water occurred, resulting in the formation of a ...

  • Treatment Of Edible Oil Refinery Wastewater

    AbstractIndustry manufacturing refined edible oil with a capacity of 18000 tones/annum generated wastewaters and solid wastes (viz. spent earth, chemical and biological sludges). The wastewater streams were mainly from vat house after soap splitting, floor washing, cooling tower, boiler and filter press. The chemical composition of the wastewater from cooling tower and boiler sections and solid ...


  • The MACT for petroleum refinery FCCs is a fraud!

    This paper is a continuation of the author's research on the MACT regulation for abating pollution from Petroleum Refinery FCCs in the US. This paper highlights the flaws in the recently promulgated MACT for NSPS and non-NSPS FCC units. It details the inadequacies and the potential for perversity in the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) that are an integral part of the FCC MACT. It ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pre–treatment of refinery spent caustic by Fenton's reaction

    Experimental results for applying Fenton oxidation as a pre–treatment method for spent caustic are presented. A combination of dilution and Fenton's reaction is proposed as a method for reduction of total COD and total phenols in spent caustics. This approach was used to obtain a decrease in total phenols from 5,200 mg/L to less than 130 mg/L. The greatest removal occurred within a pH range of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Oil refinery reduces energy consumption with a Culligan Solution

    Challenge A major petroleum refinery was looking to replace a hot lime softener. Naturally occurring minerals such as Calcium, Magnesium and Silica can cause scale in steam boilers and other types of equipment used in refinery operations. Scale deposits in steam boilers con reduce equipment efficiency and increase energy, chemical, disposal and maintenance costs. Hot lime softening is a ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Oil refinery vapour gas case study

    1.0 Evaluation of Refinery Gases Various refinery gases are generated in the process of oil refining. These vary, depending upon the type of crude oil being distilled, such as Reduced Crude distillation, or Naphtha cracker. For the purposes of this case study the description and range of refinery gases are those gases produced from refining Crude Oil and Reduced Crude only. Crude ...

  • Remediation of refinery waste, oil sludge from lagoons and contaminated soils - case study

    The first VacuDry plant installed at a refinery is designed to treat waste which has accumulated over the last decades, as well as waste that will be generated inside the refinery in the future. The semi-mobile system has a capacity of 1.5 to 2 tons per hour. The plant is designed for maximum flexibility and can treat different types of refinery wastes ranging from dry soil to wet centrifuge ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Green supply chain parameters for a Canadian petroleum refinery company

    This research studies environment dimensions of Canadian petroleum refinery companies. It proposes an analysis of the supply chain and focuses on specific actions related to the following: reduction of contaminants; analysis of the operations process; development of parameters and characteristics that can evolve into a benchmarking system for measuring greenness efforts of petroleum refineries. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatability study for pemex oil refinery salamanca, Mexico case study

    The Problem Both PEMEX and the City of Salamanca were looking at constructing two sewage treatment plants to treat wastewater; one to treat the Ing. Antonio M Amor refinery’s industrial waste and one to treat the City’s municipal waste. Based on the successful performance of Nordevco’s technology in remediating contaminated wash water at the decommissioning of the PEMEX La ...


    By Nordevco Associates Ltd.

  • Biodegradation of phenol in refinery wastewater by pure cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIB 950 and Pseudomonas fluorescence NCIB 3756

    The potential of microorganisms to catabolise and metabolise xenobiotic compounds has been recognised as a potentially effective means of toxic and hazardous wastes disposal. Phenol and its derivatives have long been recognised as some of the most persistent chemicals in petroleum refinery wastewaters, with high toxicity even at low concentrations. Biodegradation of these compounds has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Essential suite™ streamlines operations and saves money at one of the world`s largest oil refineries

    The Challenge: A joint venture between Lyondell Chemical Company and Citgo Petroleum, LYONDELL-CITGO Refining LP is a full conversion, integrated refinery that is able to process approximately 250,000 barrels per day of very heavy Venezuelan crude oil into products including gasoline, jet fuel, sulfur, petroleum coke and lubricants. LCR's Houston operation consists of about 1,100 employees and is ...


    By IHS

  • ETI Enterprise Software Streamlines Operations and Saves Money at One of the World`s Largest Oil Refineries

    Untitled Document The Challenge: A joint venture between Lyondell ...


    By IHS

  • Modern approach to tank cleaning puts safety first at Hungarian refinery case study

    An oil refinery with a keen interest in safety and modern approaches – and a service provider with the technology and partnerships to match. Those are the ingredients that introduced cutting-edge tank cleaning in Hungary. Committed to safety, the MOL refinery employs non-man entry tank cleaning services delivered by C&S International Services and Euroclean. As a result, the last five ...


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