refrigerated sampling Articles

  • Calculating the cost savings for refrigerant gas leak detection

    The real benefits of refrigerant gas leak detection Following on from the last article, we feel that it’s natural to then discuss some of the practical reasons (cost savings) that will encourage the industry to take action and reduce their F-Gas emissions. Who requires refrigerant leak detection under the F-Gas proposals? There are a ...


    By a1-cbiss

  • Concentration and solvent recovery of environmental samples in dichloromethane

    Environmental samples are usually extracted with an organic solvent which is then concentrated prior to final analysis. In this short note, initial conditions and evaporation settings for the parallel concentration of samples dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) having different starting volumes are presented. These settings have been optimized for high analyte and high solvent recoveries. ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • How to Survive An EPA Clean Air Act Title VI Refrigerant Regulations Compliance Inspection

    Part 3: Post EPA Inspection Activities BACKGROUND Since the Clean Air Act Amendment was enacted in 1990, ...


    By IHS

  • How to Survive An EPA Clean Air Act Title VI - Refrigerant Regulations Compliance Inspection

    Part 2: During An Inspection Since the amendments of the Clean Air Act of 1990 were enacted, facility owners and managers have been faced ...


    By IHS

  • Achieving

    Introduction The leak repair requirements, under Title VI Section 608 of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, require that when an owner or operator of an appliance that normally contains a refrigerant charge of more than 50 pounds discovers that refrigerant is leaking at a rate that would exceed the applicable trigger rate during a 12-month period, the owner or operator must take corrective ...


  • Effect of storage conditions on physico-chemical properties and fatty acid ratio, C18:2/C16:1 of blended fat

    Hydrogenated palm kernel oil (HPKO) blended with butter in ratio 3:1 and 3:2 were investigated for different physicochemical properties and fatty acid ratio, C18:2/C16:0. The antioxidant treated samples and the control samples, packed in LDPE bags, PET and glass jars were stored at room and refrigerating temperature for ten months. Storage of control samples in LDPE bags at room temperature was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of tap water processing on the concentration of disinfection by-products

    Aim: This study examined the effects on disinfection by-product (DBP) concentrations of common household methods for processing drinking water.Methods: We investigated the effects of refrigerator storage, jug filtering, boiling in an electric kettle, and supply from an instant boiling water unit, with or without filtering, on four species of trihalomethanes (THMs) and nine species of haloacetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preparation of thiabendazole standards for use in applications of the benomyl/carbendazim rapid assay

    GENERAL COMMENTS: This procedure describes the preparation of thiabendazole (TBZ) standards used in applications of the Benomyl/Carbendazim RaPID Assay. Standard concentrations of 10, 50 and 250 ng/mL (ppb) TBZ and a control concentration of 100 ppb TBZ are prepared by making appropriate dilutions of a concentrated TBZ solution in the Benomyl/Carbendazim Sample Diluent. The standards and ...


  • Distribution of heavy metals in Penaeus Semisulcatus from Persian Gulf and possible role of metallothionein in their redistribution during storage

    The study was conducted between January and December 2002. The main objective of this study was evaluation of effects of refrigerated storage duration on redistribution of three trace elements (Cd, Cu and Zn) in tissues (exoskeleton, abdominal muscle and hepatopancreas) of a shrimp species (Penaeus semisulcatus). Moreover, the possible roles of metallothionein (a kind of metalloprotein) in ...


    By Springer

  • Eliminate Degassing When Measuring Viscosity of Compressor Oils

    Compressor oils can create unique challenges when trying to measure viscosity. Dissolved gases from refrigerants, in particular, tend to bubble out when these oils are measured using traditional viscometers. This can create errors in the measurement, typically causing readings to be much lower than they should be. One way to get around this problem is to allow the oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Environmental, Safety & Health Compliance System pays off for Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), one of ten national laboratories managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, is a world leader in scientific research. Its scientists are known for their work in nuclear and high-energy physics; environmental and energy research; neurosciences, medical imaging, structural biology and nano-technology. BNL conducts research that enhances ...


    By IHS

  • Volatile organic compounds in the nation’s ground water and drinking-water supply wells

    ABSTRACT Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are produced in large volumes and are associated with a myriad of products, such as plastics, adhesives, paints, gasoline, fumigants, refrigerants, and drycleaning fluids. Widespread and long-term use of VOCs and their ability to persist and migrate in ground water raise questions about possible adverse effects on the environment, including ...

  • LIMS and the Automation of the Water Lab

    (Reproduced by permission from Laboratorium Magazine) Europe’s most modern water lab is located in Leeuwarden, in the Netherlands. Vitens made a big splash when it brought this modern building, with its transparent design, into operation in January 2005. Many colleagues from Dutch and foreign labs are eager to visit this installation, where water control samples are routed automatically with the ...


    By STARLIMS Corporation

  • Got Chinese drywall?

    Step By Step Environmental Assessments, a leading environmental inspection company in Florida, was one of the first companies, in early 2008, in South Florida to CORRECTLY identify Chinese Drywall, during assessments for builders and residences in North Florida. As such, we have been consulted by attorneys and consumers, as well as leading laboratories, looking to better understand the causes and ...

  • Survival and growth of foodborne microorganisms in processed and individually wrapped cheese slices

    The objectives of the research reported here were to determine the growth, survival, or inactivation of selected microorganisms on individually wrapped processed cheese (IWC) slices stored at 5°C and 22°C, and to compare quality indices. IWC slices were spot-inoculated with foodborne pathogenic bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella spp.), spoilage bacteria ...

  • Amino acid analysis matrix independent analysis of free amino acids

    Pickering Laboratories specializes in manufacturing of cationexchange columns and eluants for amino acid analysis. No other techniques have been shown to match the reproducibility and sensitivity of this post-column methodology. Advantages of this method, such as absence of matrix interferences, are especially important in analysis of native samples. Pickering provides several options for the ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

  • Surface Ocean Acidification studies using Ships Of Opportunity

    Ships of Opportunity Ships of opportunity (SOOP) are used as a platform for cost-efficient collection of environmental data, Ferrybox. The SOOP network operated by NIVA cover the majority of the Norwegian coastline (from Germany (54N ) in the South to Svalbard (78N) in the North. This network is used in the national OA monitoring program. Globally, SOOPs are used for pCO2 measurements and ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • Chlorinated solvents: methylene chloride and TCE

    Introduction This paper presents the results of a scaled and phased approach to source remediation of high concentrations of recalcitrant chlorinated solvent compounds via soil vapor extraction (SVE) and vapor treatment at a Site in Southern California. Phase I began with refrigerated condensation (C3) in order to achieve high mass removal rates to reduce lifecycle costs and time ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Sakhalin energy utilizes Thermo Scientific SampleManager LIMS for largest Russian LNG project ever - case study

    Sakhalin Energy is bringing onstream one of the largest integrated oil and gas projects in the world in Russia's Far East. The Sakhalin II Project combines partnership incorporating the recovery, production and transportation of oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG). Sakhalin Energy standardized on Thermo Scientific SampleManager LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System) for use in its main ...

  • Helping Laurel Asphalt to Fight Foul Odors and Be Good Neighbors

    One of the unavoidable byproducts of the asphalt production process is a mixture of volatile hydrocarbons, mercaptans, hydrogen sulfide, and heat, which may cause a unique mixture of foul odors. When this happens, many asphalt producers have to contend with neighboring residents – often homes and businesses – that bring their odor complaints to both the media and local town-hall ...


    By OMI Industries (OMI)

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