refuse-derived fuel drying Articles

  • Refuse Derived Fuel, Current Practice and Perspectives

    Untitled Document Summary I OBJECTIVES The objectives of the project were to undertake a survey on the current ...

  • Hydrogen Generator Fuel

    Hydrogen is a very valuable alternative to fossil fuel for distributed energy generation, delivering a high powered solution with minimal environmental and safety concerns. Green businesses, telecomm providers, governments, and renewable energy advocates can now produce on-demand energy for their assets, at minimal cost and using commercially available equipment. This article will look at the ...


    By Verde LLC

  • Study on Behavior of Sludge-derived Combustible Gases and its Safety Control on Utilizing Bio-solids

    ABSTRACTA questionnaire inquiry on prior accidents was conducted among local government operating sludge drying and incinerating facilities and cooperating research companies that are constructing such facilities. The 88 accidents reported by the respondents were investigated and the causal mechanisms associated with each typical accident pattern (by type and ...

  • Recyclers help to cut huge container imbalance

    The Port of Rotterdam Authority is housed in an office building with probably the most stunning view over Rotterdam. From the top floor, visitors have a breathtaking view on the many barges which are travelling along the busy river, the Erasmus bridge and the skyline of Europe’s main port.  Speaking about the importance of ports and harbours to the recycling industry, Victor Schoenmakers, at ...


    By Recycling International

  • Biofuels - case study

    As part of the Kyoto Protocol, the United Nations has called for the introduction of fuels obtained from biomass in order to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The increasing scarcity of worldwide oil reserves associated with the increase in crude oil prices has created the necessity for an increased utilisation of alternative fuel sources. These biofuels will become a fundamental component ...


    By AVA - Huep GmbH u. Co. KG

  • In-Vessel Composting of Residential Organics

    In 1994, the Regional Municipality of Peel began work on a system for residential organic residuals collection and composting. Although Peel had been promoting backyard composting, greater diversion rates were sought. The public was surveyed to determine what level of cooperation could be expected for source separation and setting out of food, soiled paper products, yard trimmings, etc. “We knew ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Applying ERP to the biomass supply chain

    Green alternatives to hydrocarbon-based fuels are increasingly derived from recycled waste materials, including paper and packaging materials; residues from other industrial processes, and perhaps most importantly, biomass. Biomass comprises plant waste and plant by-products, and currently represents one of the most exciting avenues of research in the development of alternatives to fossil fuels. ...


    By MHG Systems Ltd

  • What is Cogeneration?

    Cogeneration is the process of generating both electrical and heat energy from a single fuel source.  Also known as Combined Heat & Power (CHP), cogeneration makes use of the commonly discarded thermal energy which is generated from the combustion of fuels such as diesel, natural gas, bi-fuel, and even  ...

  • Mulch producers tune into biofuel boom

    The biofuels boom, spurred by government pursuit of energy independence, is a key factor in a congressional movement on alterative energy. Already the government is spending millions on biofuel research and development, and federal law is in place to increase usage of forest and timber resources for biofuel. In their 2005 “Billion Ton Report,” the US Department of Energy (DOE) and ...

  • Advanced, integrated systems meet the challenges of commercial-scale operation

    Technological frontiers in die alternative energy industry continue to widen in countries around the globe. As such, die exploitation of biomass as a source of energy has become die fastest-growing sector among a growing roster of energy solutions. Today, more energy is produced from various forms of biomass dian from all wind, solar and geodicrmal applications combined. Much of die excitement ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Mixed MSW composting in transition

    WITHOUT a doubt, composting the mixed municipal solid waste stream is a “niche” business. It is an MSW management option that seems to be viable in very specific situations. In some instances, these plants were built to service tourist destinations, often in somewhat rural areas where recycling is difficult and landfills are distant. In several other cases, public agencies built plants to extend ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Microturbines, Gas Engines Link Biogas to the Grid

    OPPORTUNITIES to produce electricity from methane are being improved continuously as manufacturers introduce new and upgraded equipment to address market needs and varying characteristics of raw biogas. In the renewable energy from organics recycling arena, the two primary types of electricity generation equipment are microturbines and reciprocating gas engines. This article provides a brief ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Mixed waste composting trends

    It's been about 25 years since vendors started marketing systems to process mixed municipal solid waste via composting in the U.S. Today, there are 13 plants, most fulfilling their niche in the communities they serve - whether managing MSW in high tourism areas, or processing residual organics from materials recovery facilities. Table 1 provides summary data on the 13 facilities. While we did not ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • EPA finalizes boiler NESHAP

    EPA published the final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions. EPA developed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater than 25 tpy of ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Wet electrostatic precipitators: A preferred technology for emission control

    The basic science behind electrostatic precipitators is as familiar and as simple as static cling. But today, this elemental force has been harnessed to a technology that is helping to remove millions of tons of toxic chemicals from our atmosphere; saving billions of dollars annually in pollution-related physical damage; and averting costly impacts on health and mortality rates for millions of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • What is Biomass Pellets Energy

    Biomass pellets energy means the energy made from biomass. What is biomass? Biomass refers to all the organic matters that store energy from photosynthesis. Therefore biomass in most cases means plants instead of animal. What is the chemical composition of biomass? Biomass is carbon based, so it contains ...


  • EPA Proposed “Franken-MACT” for Utilities

    EPA published the highly anticipated proposed Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT) Standard for the utility sector (40 CFR 63 Subpart UUUUU). When considered together with the growing list of proposed and final rules impacting the utility sector (Transport Rule/Cross-State Rule, Coal Combustion Byproducts Rule, Cooling Water Intake Rule, Regional Haze Rule, revised National Ambient Air ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Fires at Composting Facilities: Causes and Conditions

    The subject of fires at composting facilities is a bad news/good news situation. The bad news is that fires are more common than we realize. Ask a group of facility operators if they have had to deal with a fire, and the majority will quietly admit they have. The good news is that we don’t realize that fires are fairly common at composting facilities. Most are neither frequent nor destructive ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Environmental Effects of Acid Rain

    Air Pollution Creates Acid Rain Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Acidic deposition, or acid rain as it is commonly known, occurs when emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) react in the atmosphere with water, oxygen, and oxidants to form various acidic compounds. This mixture forms a mild ...

  • MSW and Biosolids Become Feedstocks for Ethanol

    The first commercial facility designed to recover recyclables from municipal solid waste, and utilize the residuals with biosolids as feedstock for ethanol production, is moving forward in Middletown, New York. The Orange Recycling and Ethanol Production Facility, to be built on a 22-acre site adjacent to the Middletown Wastewater Treatment Plant, has capacity to process approximately 230,000 ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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