refuse-derived fuel test Articles

  • Sample Preparation for Refuse Derived Fuels

    Plastic, wood and shredded waste, are in times of rising crude oil prices very interesting additions to the classic fuels. Especially in the cement industry, the energy rich fractions from conditioning processes are readily burned along. Important here is the analytical evaluation of the materials. Refuse derived fuels: Plastic, wood and shredded waste: Here are some examples of more or less well ...


    By Fritsch Milling and Sizing

  • Refuse Derived Fuel, Current Practice and Perspectives

    Untitled Document Summary I OBJECTIVES The objectives of the project were to undertake a survey on the current ...

  • The Waste Industry: Refuse Derived Fuel Hits a New Level

    The Environment Agency published the final data up to the end of December 2014 in February. It shows that the overall tonnage of RDF sent overseas throughout the year topped 2,373,611 tonnes. The figures confirm the rapid growth in demand for RDF from operators in the UK from European energy from waste facilities, with 2014 continuing the trend of increasing exports to facilities overseas. RDF is ...


    By GPT Waste Management Ltd

  • Thermal behaviour study of senakin coal and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) blends during pyrolysis using thermogravimetric analysis

    Preliminary Thermogravimetric (TG) studies of pyrolysed Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF)–coal blends (20 to 80%) at various heating rates, 20, 40, 60 °C•min–1 have been performed to develop an efficient locally sourced renewable solid fuel. The characteristics of the coal/RDF blends followed those of the parent fuels in additive manner. Among the tested blends, 50:50 blends showed the optimum blend ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fans and fuel

    One of the fun things about researching articles is how you can end up in a totally different place than where you started. A few weeks ago, I was working on a story for the October issue of HDT on oil and coolant analysis. That led to what I'm going to talk about today, which is fans and fuel economy. It started out when I was talking to Mike Tourville with Evans, which makes a waterless ...


    By Evans Cooling Systems, Inc.

  • Evaluation of Tire Derived Rubber Particles for Biofiltration Media

    ABSTRACTCurrently, on average, one tire is discarded in the U.S. for every man woman and child every year. While the reuse market for used tires has increased over the years to approximately 75%, there are still an estimated 2-3 billion used tires stockpiled in the U.S. Finding economical and sustainable end uses for this tire material is an ongoing challenge to environmental engineers and ...

  • Enhanced acoustic material testing in a tube

    Demands from the Industry   A growing number of customers demand quieter vehicle cabins, and cabin acoustic comfort has become a major concern for the automotive industry. Optimization of the acoustic insulation performance has, therefore, been given a more prevalent role in the design process. In the aircraft industry, acoustic comfort for customers and the use of new, lighter ...

  • Taking Fossil Fuels to the Next Level - Standards Underpin Extraction, Processing and Distribution

    To the average person, the oil and gas industry may appear simple — a matter of literally tapping into a natural resource and distributing it to customers. Of course the matter of extraction is rarely simple, and in the case of emergent hydraulic fracturing technology, it is particularly complex and capital-intensive. In fact, the world of petroleum and natural gas extraction, distribution ...


    By ASTM International

  • Combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel having varying palmitic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid in their fuel composition

    The present work discusses the performance and emission characteristics of blends of vegetable oil esters with varying saturated fatty acid composition tested on a stationary direct injection compression ignition engine. Saturated fatty acids are long-chain carboxylic acids that usually have between 8 and 24 carbon atoms and have no double bonds. The unsaturated fatty acids resemble saturated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A nodal formulation method relating assembly power and reactivity for a boiling water reactor

    A second-order nodal method is derived for the one and a half-group version of neutron diffusion theory in X-Y geometry. Based on the linear reactivity model, two reactivity relations are developed to treat fresh and depleted loading batches as a way to account for the spatial variation of moderator properties due to the substantial fraction of steam void present as well as the effect of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • SRF – a class of its own

    Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) is still classified as a waste material, not a product, despite the fact it is manufactured to a quality specification and is a resource from which energy can be recovered. Here, UNTHA UK’s alternative fuel production expert Marcus Brew considers the parameters within which SRF must be manufactured, before investigating the arguments for and against SRF being ...


    By UNTHA UK LTD

  • The performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine using preheated Kusum oil and Kusum diesel blend

    Rapidly depleting conventional petroleum resources have prompted research for alternative fuels. Among various possible options for internal combustion engines, fuels derived from triglycerides (vegetable oils/animal fats) are a promising substitute for diesel fuel. Vegetable oils pose some detrimental characteristics like high viscosity and low volatility compared to diesel fuel. In the present ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cetane Number and Cetane Index

    This article summarises the findings of an Energy Institute (EI) sponsored Technical Development Project carried out by Cliff Lilley Consultancy, and outlines a review of the suitability of the current cetane index equation used in IP 380 Calculation of Cetane Index of middle distillates by the fourvariable equation (EN ISO 4264) (ASTM D 4737 procedure A**) for calculating Cetane Index (CI), to ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Interpretation of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) results with RaPID assay kits

    SUMMARY The SDI RaPID Assays for petroleum hydrocarbon fuels (Total BTEX, PAHs) have been shown to provide excellent correlation with GC based (8015M) and IR based (418.1) methodologies for testing Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH). Linear relationships between immunoassay and TPH results with both gasoline and diesel fuels are demonstrated. Fuel reactivities with immunoassay are shown to ...


  • First UK installation for UNTHA TR Series shredder at new HW Martin RDF facility

    When HW Martin required a state-of-the-art RDF facility, they chose OKLM to design and build the plant and the revolutionary new UNTHA TR Series shredder, supplied by Riverside Waste Machinery, to fulfil their high-performance shredding requirements. This is the first UK installation for UNTHA’s new TR Series shredding technology which was developed specifically for the processing ...


    By UNTHA UK LTD

  • In-Vessel Composting of Residential Organics

    In 1994, the Regional Municipality of Peel began work on a system for residential organic residuals collection and composting. Although Peel had been promoting backyard composting, greater diversion rates were sought. The public was surveyed to determine what level of cooperation could be expected for source separation and setting out of food, soiled paper products, yard trimmings, etc. “We knew ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Sorting and Recycling Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in Xiamen City, China - Case Study

    TOMRA Sorting Recycling is playing a pivotal role in the implementation of automatic sorting at the MSW plant in Xiamen Background The city of Xiamen, renowned for its natural beauty, is located on China's southeast coast, in Fujian Province. Its famous seascape and clean natural environment are a magnet for tourists, and the city government wants to keep things ...


    By TOMRA Sorting (TITECH)

  • Knowing your A/A split from your elbow

    The term Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) still remains poorly defined so that TPH data provided by laboratories is prone to disparity according to the analytical procedure undertaken, says Malcolm Avis of Chemtest. TPH data may be required for regulatory compliance, risk assessment, investigation or remediation. An appreciation of the methodology and terminology will ...


    By Newzeye Ltd

  • Funding Innovative Uses For Scrap Tires

    Many States are cleaning up their stockpiles of scrap tires, but more roll in every day. According to the industry, each person in the United States generates one used tire annually. A number of states like North Carolina and Illinois are providing grants to stimulate markets for products made from scrap tire rubber, while states like Texas and New York are developing new civil engineering ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Case study - Biogas desulfurization and siloxanes abatement

    MCFC project by CETAGUA (Mataró – Spain) Reducing the carbon footprint of our society is imperative. This can be achieved by capturing and confining anthropogenic CO2 emissions as well as by replacing fossil-based fuels with renewable or waste-derived fuels. MCFCs (Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells) are unique in being able to do both these things. Thanks to their operating ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

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