reject water treatment Articles

  • Simulation for Operation and Control of Reject Water Treatment Processes

    The recycled nutrient load of the reject water streams from solids handling is considerable, and can amount to 15-25% of the influent nitrogen load. A number of sidestream biological processes have been developed for treating the ammonia component of the reject water before returning it to the liquid train. This paper describes a plant-wide model that includes the reactions important in ...

  • Rejection of trace organic compounds by RO/NF

    The objective of this study is to develop a mechanistic understanding of the rejection of trace organic compounds by high-pressure membranes, based on an integrated framework of compound properties, membrane properties, and operational conditions. High-pressure membranes, encompassing reverse osmosis (RO), low-pressure RO (LPRO), and nanofiltration (NF), may provide an effective treatment barrier ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • A promising approach of reject water treatment using a tidal flow constructed wetland system employing alum sludge as main substrate

    This study examined a novel reuse of alum sludge, an inescapable by-product of drinking water treatment process when aluminium salt is added as a coagulant, as the main medium in a laboratory-scale multi-stage constructed wetland (CW) system for reject water treatment. Such reject water is a main concern in municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWWTP) for increasing the organic and nutrient ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dissolved and colloidal organic nitrogen removal from wastewater treatment plants effluents and reject waters using physical–chemical processes

    Four physical–chemical processes were compared in terms of the efficiencies of dissolved and colloidal organic nitrogen (DON and CON) removal from the secondary effluents (SE) and reject water from full-scale biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems. Adsorption on activated carbon was most efficient and allowed removal from the SE of up to 80% and 100% of DON and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water treatment technology for produced water

    Large amounts of produced water are generated during oil and gas production. Produced water, as it is known in the oil industry, is briny fluid trapped in the rock of oil reservoirs. The objective of this study was to test produced waters from a Montana USA oilfield using a mobile station to design a plant to cost efficiently treat the produced water for agricultural irrigation. We used combined ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • VSEP takes reverse osmosis where it has never been before, further concentrating RO reject (brine) streams to increase overally recovery to 99%.

    Conventional spiral wound membrane systems using reverse osmosis or nano-filtration membranes are increasingly being used to treat well water from underground sources to supplement local drinking water supplies. Many of the remaining underground water sources are 'Brackish' water sources where the dissolved solids can be 5,000 mg/L or even higher. One of the difficult engineering aspects of ...


    By New Logic Research, Inc.

  • Oil field Produce Water Treatment Case Study

    Produce Water Treatment Oil Drilling Produce Water Treatment Produce Water Produce water is generated from the oil field production of natural gas and ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in the water environment and their removal in a water treatment process

    Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are found in aquatic environments worldwide. The presence of these compounds in the water environment is still unclear, even though direct or indirect discharges of these compounds from industries to the aquatic environment are the potential routes. In this paper, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oil Field Production Wastewater Produce Water Treatment

    Produce Water Treatment Oil Drilling Produce Water Treatment Produce Water Produce water is generated from the oil field production of natural gas and ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Spiral-Wound Elements for Potable Water Treatment

    Introduction Any new technology must overcome perceptions of the marketplace, which are not accurate. As a technology moves into new areas of application, new misconceptions also arise. Crossflow membrane technology is no exception. The first man-made, pressure-driven 'crossflow' membranes were made in flat sheet form. This membrane had to be configured in a device, and was first made in ...


  • Phosphorus partitioning in co-dewatering biosolids and water treatment residuals

    Stabilization and dewatering methods for wastewater solids determine the concentration and nature of phosphorus (P) in biosolids and in-plant sidestreams recycled to the liquid treatment facility. Because water treatment residuals (WTR) exhibit strong immobilization of soluble P, this study evaluated the impact of co-dewatering WTR and biosolids on the P partitioning during dewatering and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dewatering sludge originating in water treatment works in reed bed systems

    The dewatering process of the liquid water works sludge was examined in a trial with a series of six trial beds, each 20 m2. These were monitored from April 2008 to June 2010. It is possible to get the vegetation to grow in ferric sludge (∼300,000 mg Fe/kg dry solid, pH 7,7). It has not been necessary to use fertilizer. The influence of the loading programs (15–50 kg dry solid/m2/year) was tested ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Two-pass Combined Membrane Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment

    There are several options in designing two-pass reverse osmosis systems, using the predominant membranes currently on the market: PA (polyamide) or CA (cellulose triacetate) membranes. Combining cellulose triacetate and polyamide membranes in the first and second passes, respectively, is just one approach that offers some interesting advantages, but it may not necessarily be suitable for all ...

  • Innovative, cost-reducing water treatment at large US citrus processor

    The objectives of this case study conducted in 2003-2004 were to: (a) provide scale, corrosion and microbiological control to a state-of-the-art facility which cools one of the largest refrigerated enclosures in North America, (b) improve condenser operating efficiency over the existing condenser systems (c) conserve water by minimizing condenser make up discharge, (d) produce a reduced quantity ...


  • Degrémont Optimizes Environmental Footprint for 60 Water Treatment Plants

    Over the past 10 years, Degrémont and GE (NYSE: GE) have helped more than 60 local municipalities and industries, including refining and petrochemical, save more than 40 billion liters of water with GE’s ZeeWeed* membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. The purified ...


    By Water Active Ltd

  • Fouling analysis of polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes used for drinking water treatment

    Natural organic matter (NOM) plays a significant role in the fouling of ultrafiltration membranes in drinking water treatment processes. For a better understanding of the interaction between fractional components of NOM and polysulfone (PS) ultrafiltration membranes used for drinking water treatment, fouling and especially the physically irreversible fouling of natural organic matter were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical-Free Treatment of Recirculating Water Using Pulsed-Power

    Untitled Document Regulatory pressures and economic considerations require industry to become cleaner, more efficient, and more environmentally benign. Such operating principles advance not only ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Wastewater Treatment Municipality Of Saint-Claude

    In Quebec, the municipalities must make sure that their rejections of sewerachieve the goals applied to the receiving medium. The Rotating BiologicalReactor (RBR), developed by the biological processes division of H2OInnovation, showed its effectiveness during more than one year testingproject, which contribute to the obtaining of the Standard Technology (CF-1) certification allowed by the Quebec ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Innovative Solutions for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    Chlorination and UV light are currently the most common methods used for disinfection of wastewater. While these processes are generally well-adapted to community or municipal installations, their operation and maintenance needs present some limitations to assure sustainable performance at the level of individual wastewater treatment systems. As reported in many papers (U.S. EPA. 1999), use of ...


    By Premier Tech Aqua

  • Treatment of Oily-Waste Process Streams

    Standard oily-wastewater remediation relies on API 650 for oily-wastewater separation (O/W/S) treatment using gravimetric lagoon separation, then reprocessing the recovered floatable slop oil, followed by chemical flocculation, then reprocessing the recovered oily sludge, followed by dissolved air flotation (DAF), then using holdingpond clarification of supernatant wastewater, before ...


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