remove chromium from groundwater Articles

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium from brackish groundwater by nanofiltration: a case study in Iran

    The hexavalent chromium Cr (VI) and sulfate concentrations in some groundwater sources used for drinking water in Birjand, the capital of Southern Khorasan Province, Iran, are greater than the established maximum concentration levels (MCLs). In this work, a nanofiltration system was examined as a promising method for the simultaneous removal of Cr (VI) and sulfate from groundwater. The effects of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions using micro zero-valent iron supported by bentonite layer

    Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) is of particular environmental concern due to its toxicity, mobility, and challenging removal from industrial wastewater. It is a strong oxidizing agent that is carcinogenic and mutagenic and diffuses quickly through soil and aquatic environments. Moreover, it does not form insoluble compounds in aqueous solutions; therefore, separation by precipitation is not ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of Fe-Cu binary oxide nanoparticles for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution

    The adsorption process has been used as an effective technique for the removal of metal ions from aqueous solutions. Groundwater remediation by nanoparticles has received interest in recent years. In the present study, a binary metal oxide of Fe-Cu was prepared and used for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution. Batch experiments were performed to investigate the effects of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mercury Removal

    The Adventus Mercury Removal AdvantageResponsible environmental experts in the academic, business and regulatory communities are increasingly more worried about the high levels of mercury contamination affecting many parts of the world. The international community is focusing their attention on this growing problem and EHC-M will clearly help, as it is perfectly suited for treating environments ...


  • Arsenic Removal

    The Arsenic Removal ProcessArsenic, a naturally occurring element, is found throughout the environment; for most people, food is the major source of exposure. Acute (short-term) high-level inhalation exposure to arsenic dust or fumes has resulted in gastrointestinal effects (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain); central and peripheral nervous system disorders have occurred in workers acutely ...


  • Effects of physicochemical factors on Cr(VI) removal from leachate by zero-valent iron and α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles

    The effects of nanoparticle dosage, initial hexavalent chromium concentration, pH value, reaction temperature, and initial concentration of humic acid (HA) on chromate (CrO42−) removal from landfill leachate by nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) and hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoparticles were examined in the present investigations. The Cr(VI) removal rate decreased as the initial Cr(VI) concentration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heavy metal removal - Case Study

    KDF 55 and 85 Provide Non-Chemical Water Treatment Media for Lead Removal and Other Heavy Metal Removal from Water In New Jersey's mercury contaminated groundwater - KDF media have been removing mercury to levels below the MCL since 1992. Redox media, non-chemical water treatment remove up to 98% of water-soluble cations (positively-charged ions) of lead, mercury, copper, nickel, chromium, and ...


    By KDF Fluid Treatment, Inc.

  • Removal of chromate ion from contaminated synthetic water using mcm-41/zsm-5 composite

    The increasing contamination of urban and industrial wastewater by toxic metal ions is a worrying environmental problem. These inorganic micro-pollutants are of considerable concern because they are non-biodegradable, highly toxic and have a probable  carcinogenic effect (Modani et al., 1996). In view of their high toxicity for human health, heavy metal concentrations in wastewater are ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Groundwater treatment with the use of zero-valent iron in the PRB Technology

    The industrial dumping sites located in the southern provinces of Poland pollute the groundwater with metals. In the article, the possibility of groundwater (polluted by metals) treatment with the use of PRB Technology has been presented. In this technology, the contaminants are removed from the aquifer by the flow of the groundwater through a PRB filled with a special reactive material. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-Situ Groundwater Remediation of Heavy Metals at an Active Manufacturing Facility

    Tetra Tech & Adventus deploy In-Situ Groundwater Remediation of Heavy Metals at an Active Manufacturing Facility. Site History: 1966 to the present: Manufacturing of various automotive components 1966 to1984: Operation of chromium plating 1983: Release of metal plating rinse water 1983 to 1989: Excavation of soil and operation of 4 groundwater recovery wells 2006: ...


  • Membrane contactors (NDSX and EPT): an innovative alternative for the treatment of effluents containing metallic pollutants

    This work presents an overview of membrane–based solvent extraction technologies using membrane contactors as an innovative alternative for the remediation of effluents containing metallic pollutants. The discussion is focused on the description of Non–Dispersive Solvent Extraction (NDSX) and Emulsion Pertraction Technologies (EPTs). Three case studies are reported to demonstrate the viability of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Metals Stabilization Using Geochemical Fixation

    Introduction To Chemical Fixation There are several approaches to treatment of chromium and other toxic metals such as lead arsenic, and cadmium in soil and groundwater, including isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction (U.S. EPA. 2002). Brief Overview Of Metals Remediation Methods: Conventional ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Modelling biological Cr(VI) reduction in aquifer microcosm column systems

    Several chrome processing facilities in South Africa release hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) into groundwater resources. Pump-and-treat remediation processes have been implemented at some of the sites but have not been successful in reducing contamination levels. The current study is aimed at developing an environmentally friendly, cost-effective and self-sustained biological method to curb the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-Situ Remediation of Heavy Metals Using Sulfur-Based Treatment Technologies

    The Metal Problem Highly toxic and highly soluble metals are contained in numerous waste streams including those from power, chemical, electronics facilities, general manufacturing plants, and mining facilities. Lead, chromium, arsenic, zinc, cadmium, copper, and mercury are the most common metal contaminants found on remediation project sites (US EPA, October, 2000). Cyanide is a common ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Comparative study on metal ions adsorption on a low cost carbonaceous adsorbent kinetic equilibrium and mechanistic studies

    Wastewater generally contains toxic inorganic and organic pollutants. Inorganic pollutants consist of mineral acids, inorganic salts, finely divided metal compounds, trace elements, cyanides, nutrients and organometallic compounds. Some of the trace elements play essential roles in biological processes, but at higher concentrations, they may be toxic to the biota; they disturb the biochemical ...


    By University of Tehran

  • A look at some contaminants regulated in drinking water

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates just over 90 contaminants in public drinking water systems. They include manmade chemicals as well as naturally occurring contaminants from rocks and soil. A look at some of the contaminants that fall under federal or state regulations: ARSENIC: Enters drinking water through eroding natural deposits in the ground or mining and other ...


    By Associated Press

  • KB-1® Bioaugmentation Leading to Site Closure

    Problem DefinitionIn 2004, the site was an active manufacturing facility with plume trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations ranging from 1 to 20 milligrams per liter (mg/L), and hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]) ranging from 0.5 to 7 mg/L. Intermediate degradation products of TCE were present in only trace concentrations in this primarily aerobic aquifer. The site source area was excavated in March ...


    By SIREM

  • Contaminated land site investigation in Bristol

    Client: Property Developer Location: Bristol, UK Services: Contaminated Land Risk Assessment, Human Health Risk Assessment, Controlled Waters and Ecological Risk Assessment. Summary: ESI’s contaminated land assessment ensured that this former brickworks site was not registered as contaminated land under Part 2A of ...

  • ARCADIS Technology Applications in the Mining Industry

    ARCADIS is a leading global, knowledge-driven service provider, active in the fields of infrastructure, buildings, environment and communications. Known for our innovative and full services capabilities, we develop and implement solutions based on personal service, open communication, and a commitment to quality. We are committed to developing and utilizing leading-edge technologies, continually ...


    By Arcadis

  • A Tale of Two Sites - Enhanced Bioremediation of Explosives Impacted Soils

    The problem with OE compounds in soil A variety of organic explosive (OE) compounds have been used for military, geological and industrial applications throughout North America, and in most industrialized nations. During their manufacture, formulation and storage, these compounds have migrated to the soil. Compounds such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine ...


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