remove free chlorine Articles

  • Ultraviolet Light Oxidation of Free-Chlorine in Water

    Chlorine is the most frequently used chemical for water disinfection. Many industrial and commercial manufacturing facilities cannot tolerate the introduction of chlorine into the process because of contamination and unwanted chemical reactions. Chlorine affects the flavour and odour of drinks and fluids, accelerates corrosion on process vessels and piping, and can also damage delicate process ...

  • Chlorine removal with KDF 55 - Case Study

    KDF 55 Process Medium Helps with Removing Chlorine in a Municipal Water Treatment Facility A Los Angeles-based maker of fashion jeans uses KDF media instead of chemicals for removing chlorine when treating municipal water in their stone-washing process. High-purity copper-zinc redox water filter media consistently provides 99% of free chlorine removal from water by ...


    By KDF Fluid Treatment, Inc.

  • The synergistic effect of Escherichia coli inactivation by sequential disinfection with low level chlorine dioxide followed by free chlorine

    To the best of our knowledge, there was little information available on pathogen removal using low level disinfectant followed by free chlorine in sequential disinfection (SD). This study investigated Escherichia coli inactivation by four types of disinfection: single step disinfection (SSD), SD, traditional sequential disinfection (TSD) and mixed disinfectant disinfection (MDD). Results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chlorinated solvents: methylene chloride and TCE

    Introduction This paper presents the results of a scaled and phased approach to source remediation of high concentrations of recalcitrant chlorinated solvent compounds via soil vapor extraction (SVE) and vapor treatment at a Site in Southern California. Phase I began with refrigerated condensation (C3) in order to achieve high mass removal rates to reduce lifecycle costs and time ...

  • Drinking water: the problem of chlorinous odours

    Chlorinous off-flavours in drinking water are a leading cause of complaints to Australian water utilities and other utilities worldwide. The occurrence and causes of chlorinous odours in drinking water were investigated with the use of an odour panel, trained using a modified flavour profile analysis technique. A new system for classifying water types according to the causes of chlorinous odours ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigating the performance of a UV/H2O2 integrated flow-through system followed by free chlorine

    Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is an emerging technique for drinking water disinfection due to effective removal of enteric pathogens without generation of disinfection by-products (DBPs). In order to overcome the drawback of UV irradiation the integration of UV disinfection with sequential disinfectant was proposed. Among all the possible combinations and sequences, a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of chlorination process during nanofiltration of sulfonamide antibiotic

    The effectiveness of combined nanofiltration and disinfection processes was studied by comparing the pre-disinfection and post-disinfection when in combination with nanofiltration. Four types of sulfonamide (sulfanilamide, sulfadiazine, sulfamethoxazole, and sulfadimethoxine) were chosen as substrates, with sodium hypochlorite as a disinfectant. A laboratory-scale nanofiltration system was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of water hardness and pipe material on enhanced disinfection with UV light and chlorine

    Limited studies have been conducted to evaluate synergistic benefits between disinfectants, although promise has been shown between ultraviolet (UV) light and chlorine-based disinfectants. This research aimed to determine drinking water quality factors that affect potential for enhanced removal of heterotrophic bacteria due to synergy between UV light and free chlorine. An additional goal was to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chlorine requirement for biologically stable drinking water after nanofiltration

    There is considerable interest in minimizing the chlorine residual in Japan's tap water because of increasing consumer complaints about the chlorinous odor of drinking water. However, minimization of the chlorine residual requires stricter control of biodegradable organics in finished water to ensure biological stability during water distribution. In this context, we investigated the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Scalewatcher Removes Scale from Baptistery

    The Church of Christ in Shiner, Texas is no longer experiencing scale build up on its baptistery immersion tank following the installation of the computerized, electronic, water-conditioner Scalewatcher from Scalewatcher North America. The Scalewatcher system has also improved the clarity of the water, enhanced the operation of the heater and drastically reduced the amount of chlorine required. ...

  • Removing Chloramines from Drinking Water Supplies

    Historically, most public water supplies have been treated with chlorine to satisfy the standards set by the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Since being established, there is reason to believe that the standards may be too lenient on the allowable contaminant levels in our drinking water. For instance, chlorine and other disinfectants react with organic matter creating ...


    By General Carbon Corp.

  • Bacteria-free water - without the use of toxic chemicals - Case Study

    Aarhus University Hospital fought against Legionella bacteria – and won Legionella bacteria thrives in all hot-water supplies and Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov felt the problem firsthand. With the ECA generator from Danish Clean Water A/S they managed to significantly reduce the bacteria and thereby minimizing risks concerning Legionella. Virtually all hospitals, ...

  • Chemical-Free Treatment of Recirculating Water Using Pulsed-Power

    Untitled Document Regulatory pressures and economic considerations require industry to become cleaner, more efficient, and more environmentally benign. Such operating principles advance not only ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Activated Carbon Applications Excel at PCB Removal

    TIGG’s GAC adsorption equipment is used to remove PCBs from groundwater. For more than 50 years, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were commonly used in industrial materials including, caulking, cutting oils, inks, paints and as dielectric fluids in electrical equipment such as transformers and capacitors. Concerns over health effects led to a North American ban of ...


    By TIGG, LLC

  • Evaluation of approaches for consumers to eliminate chlorine off-flavors from drinking water at point-of-use

    Chlorine off-flavors of tap water have caused dissatisfaction and distrust from some consumers, placing pressure on operators concerning water disinfection. Evaluating practical approaches for eliminating chlorinous off-flavors by consumers at point-of-use while avoiding production of toxic byproducts is a practical concern. Three recognized dechlorination methods: ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exploring the potential synergistic effects of chemical disinfectants and UV on the inactivation of free-living bacteria and treatment of biofilms in a pilot-scale system

    The main objective of this study is to explore possible synergistic or additive effects of combinations of chemical disinfectants (sodium hypochlorite, peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, chlorine dioxide) and UV in their efficacy in inactivating free-living bacteria and removing biofilms. In contrast to most studies, this study examines disinfection of municipal water in a pilot-scale system ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving TOC Removal to Achieve EPA DBP Compliance at the Green Valley WTP

    The Green Valley Water Treatment Plant (WTP) draws its water from two sources to supply Suisun, CA and surrounding communities. The WTP’s distribution system is very long resulting in lengthy detention times where free chlorine used for disinfection reacts with total organic carbon (TOC) to form high levels of Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs). The Green Valley WTP was unable to adequately reduce the ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • A Layman`s Guide to Inorganic and Organic Contaminant Removal by Standard Filtration Methods

    Plant operators, maintenance engineers and mechanics, specifying engineers, installation technicians, and others involved in inorganic and organic contaminant removal are oftentimes called upon to choose and apply filtration solutions. To best make these decisions, it is helpful to review information and updated insight on basic filtration technologies, along with their advantages and ...


    By Shelco Filters

  • Disinfection By-Products (DBP) Compliance through Pre-treatment for TOC Removal

    Over the last few years, utilities have adjusted their existing processes to reduce the formation of DBPs in order to comply with the Stage 1 DBP Rule. With Stage 2 looming in the near future, many utilities have nothing left to optimize in order to minimize DBP peaking in the distribution systems. A non-chemical treatment process was developed in response to the need to remove greater amounts ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • ORP and pH Based Control of SBR Cycles for Nutrient Removal from Wastewater

    ABSTRACTContinuous monitoring of multiple process functions were conducted involving removals of BOD, TSS and nutrients, in each cycle of the SBR reactor at the wastewater treatment plant of the City of Carrabelle, FL. On line, real time, monitoring of pH, oxidation reduction potential (ORP), dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonia-N, nitrite-N, nitrate-N and orthophosphate-P demonstrated excellent ...

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