remove struvite scale Articles

  • Removing Struvite from wastewater systems

    Named after Henrich Christian Gottfried Von Struve, who discovered the magnesium ammonium phosphate crystals in medieval sewer systems in Hamburg in 1845, struvite is a major problem for waste water treatment plants. The hard, crystalline deposit forms scale on lines and belts, in centrifuges and pumps.  It also clogs system pipes and other equipment including anaerobic ...

  • How do you remove struvite?

    The photographs above demonstrates what can happen if you don’t control or remove struvite.  This is a 14” diameter line used to transfer sludge from an anaerobic digester to a sludge holding pond. Every year this agency would mechanically clean this transfer line.  However, every year plant operation notice that it took longer to transfer equivalent amounts of liquid from ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

  • A Struvite Control and Phosphorus Removal Process for Centrate: Full-Scale Testing

    ABSTRACTThe North End Water Pollution Control Centre (NEWPCC) in Manitoba, Canada serves a population of approximately 380,000. The dry weather flow to the NEWPCC is approximately 175 ML/d (46 MGD). The plant uses anaerobic digestion and centrifuge dewatering in its solids treatment train. The centrate stream comprises approximately 20 percent of the plant’s phosphorus load. The plant suffers ...

  • Struvite belt press removal case study

    A wastewater treatment plant near Flagstaff, AZ was experiencing problems with keeping their belt aligned on the belt press. The belt press was in operation 4 days per week for 6 hours per day. The flow rate was 150 gallons per minute (gpm). Upon close inspection of the belt press system, the maintenance staff observed scale deposits on the rollers, pan and filtrate lines. Samples were taken for ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Struvite Removal & Vivianite Removal Case Study- Heat Exchanger and Screw Press

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers.The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down the dewatering process every three (3) weeks to clean because of struvite deposits on the screen of the screw press. They also noticed that they were having a difficult time maintaining ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Removal and recovery of N, P and K from urine via ammonia stripping and precipitations of struvite and struvite-K

    This study investigated the recovery of N, P and K from source-separated urine in laboratory-scale combined processes of air stripping and precipitation. Two operation scenarios were carried out to recover N/P (named partial scenario) and N/P/K (named complete scenario). Most of the nutrients were recovered (>70%) by optimising the operation parameters including the increase of air flow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phosphate removal in agro-industry: Pilot- and full-scale operational considerations of struvite crystallization

    Pilot-scale struvite crystallization tests using anaerobic effluent from potato processing industries were performed at three different plants. Two plants (P1 & P2) showed high phosphate removal efficiencies, 89+/-3% and 75+/-8%, resulting in final effluent levels of 12+/-3mgPO(4)(3-)-PL(-1) and 11+/-3mgPO(4)(3-)-PL(-1), respectively. In contrast, poor phosphate removal (19+/-8%) was obtained ...


  • Struvite and Vivianite Screw Presses and Heat Exchanger Removal case study

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers. The design plant flow rate is 7.9 mg/day. They were using 7 mg/L to 10 mg/L (dry basis) of ferric chloride to control hydrogen sulfide and improve solids removal in the primary clarifier. The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Nutrient Recovery by Struvite Crystallization Process: Virginia Experience

     ABSTRACT The Hampton Roads Sanitation District's (HRSD), Nansemond Treatment plant (NTP) services the cities of Chesapeake, Portsmouth and Suffolk, Virginia. The plants treated effluent is discharged into the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The NTP was designed as a 30 MGD biological nutrient removal (BNR) plant with seasonal nitrification and utilizes anaerobic digestion for solids ...

  • City of Orlando Wastewater Treatment Plant Belt Filter Press Struvite Scale Control & Enhanced Flocculation case study

    Five month evaluation of Hydropath technology’s ability to treat magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate (Struvite, NH₄MgPO₄•6H₂O) scale and to enhance flocculation resulting in reduced polymer usage Location: City of Orlando Wastewater Treatment Plant. Address: 5100 LB McLeod Rd., Orlando, FL 32811 Application: Struvite accumulation in ...


    By HydroFLOW USA

  • Ammonia nitrogen removal from acetylene purification wastewater from a PVC plant by struvite precipitation

    Acetylene purification wastewater (APW) usually contains high concentrations of ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N), which is generated during the production of acetylene in a polyvinylchloride manufacturing plant. In this study, a struvite precipitation method was selected to remove NH4-N from the APW. Laboratory-scale batch experiments were performed to investigate the effects of the initial APW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental design for the evaluation of struvite sedimentation obtained from an ammonium concentrated wastewater

    Chemical precipitation of struvite as a technique of ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) removal from concentrated wastewater has been shown to be an attractive alternative due to its high effectiveness, reaction rate, simplicity, environmental sustainability and, especially, the application potential of the generated solids for the fertilizer industry. The technique of experimental design has been used ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combined seawater toilet flushing and urine separation for economic phosphorus recovery and nitrogen removal: a laboratory-scale trial

    Freshwater toilet flushing consumes 20–35% of typical household water demand. Seawater toilet flushing, as practised by Hong Kong since 1958, provides an alternative water source. To maximise the benefits of this unique dual water supply, urine separation could be combined to allow low-cost struvite production and subsequent urine nitrification – in-sewer denitrification. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full Scale Test on Chemical P Removal During a Step Feed BNR Study at John E. Egan Water Reclamation Plant

    ABSTRACTA full scale nutrient removal study was conducted at the 30-MGD John E. Egan Water Reclamation Plant with a single-stage nitrification activated sludge process and sand filtration. One quarter of the plant’s secondary treatment capacity was used in the study. Simultaneous nitrogen removal through a step feed BNR process and phosphorus (P) removal by chemical precipitation with ferric ...

  • Vivianite Heat Exchanger removal trial case study

    On the vivianite-laden heat exchangers, the maintenance supervisor created a recirculation circuit and diluted JS 9325 to a fifty percent (50%) solution. They recirculated the diluted solution for 48 hours while raising the temperature of the solution to 110F. Upon opening the first heat exchanger, they observed a purple solution following by a half-inch (½”) sheet of vivianite ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Investigation of chemical-free nutrient removal and recovery from CO2-rich wastewater

    The feasibility of a bench-scale system for removal and recovery of phosphorus (P) as struvite from CO2-rich wastewater was tested. A continuous 12 L reactor system combining a fluidized seedbed and aeration for pH increase was developed and tested using synthetic feed. For a 100 mL min−1 influent rate, an aeration and recycle rate combination of 7 L min−1 and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Three years of operation of North America's first nutrient recovery facility

    The first full-scale nutrient recovery installation in North America became operational in May 2009 at the Clean Water Service's Durham Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant in Tigard, Oregon. Recovering ammonia and phosphorus from the dewatering side stream as struvite has a positive impact on plant operations. Significantly reducing the phosphorus recycle lowers the phosphorus loading on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lagoon treatment for manure case study

    Are you getting a scale build up in your recirculation system from your manure holding ponds (lagoons)? Is it calcium carbonate or struvite (magnesium-ammonia-phosphate) crystals? In some CAFO sites, they will use anaerobic lagoons to reduce the amount of manure that they need to treat. In a zero oxygen environment the anaerobic bacteria will take the manure which is loaded with nutrients and ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Prediction of Strutive Formation Potential in EBPR Digested Sludges

    ABSTRACTLow operating costs and less sludge generation associated with EBPR (Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal) have led existing wastewater treatment plants to retrofit their phosphorus removal systems and have encouraged new plants to incorporate EBPR into their design. However, in plants that use anaerobic digestion, the introduction of EBPR may result in the formation of scales of the ...

  • A retrofitted activated-sludge plant with sequential nitritation and anammox obtains dischargeable effluent

    Abstract New Activated Sludge (NAS) represents a hybrid, floc-based nitrogen removal process, based on the control of solids retention times (SRT) and dissolved oxygen (DO) levels. The aim of this study was to examine the performance of a full-scale NAS plant, which treated anaerobically digested industrial wastewater. The batch-fed partial nitritation step oxidized nitrogen to nitrite ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

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