reverse osmosis membrane Articles

  • Before Using Reverse Osmosis Membranes, We must Pay Attention to these Six Points

    1.  Influent pressure Influent pressure will affect the flux and desalination rate of reverse osmosis membranes. The permeability increases with the increase of influent pressure. Because reverse osmosis membranes can not absolutely intercept dissolved salts in the water, there is always a certain amount of permeation with the increase of pressure, because the permeation rate of the ...


    By Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi-tech Co

  • VSEP helps Shanghai automotive factory achieve a 100X reduction in C.O.D.

    The wastewater from the production of automotive parts can be difficult to treat due to its varied chemical composition. This type of wastewater contains high levels of COD that need to be reduced to meet local sewer specifications. The typical treatment scheme could consist of chemical treatment followed by a lot of pre-treatment steps and eventually a reverse osmosis membrane system. This type ...


    By New Logic Research, Inc.

  • Intrinsic properties and performances of NF270 and XLE membranes for water filtration

    Nanofiltration and low pressure reverse osmosis membranes are well-known in the field of drinking water production and their separation performance is very strongly related to their intrinsic characteristics. The membrane characterization (scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), zeta potential …) was realized on a NF270 and extra-low energy (XLE) membrane. SEM results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reverse Osmosis System Design

    Reverse Osmosis (R.O.) is currently used in various applications ranging from small under the sink drinking water systems to large municipal drinking water applications.  The technology is widely used and accepted as it removes both dissolved ionic and organic impurities.  This article will focus on the application of reverse osmosis membranes and discuss factors that should be ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Occurrence of N-nitrosodimethylamine precursors in wastewater treatment plant effluent and their fate during ultrafiltration-reverse osmosis membrane treatment

    The formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) is of major concern among wastewater recycling utilities practicing disinfection with chloramines. The NDMA formation potential (FP) test is a simple and straightforward method to evaluate NDMA precursor concentrations in waters. In this paper we show the NDMA FP results of a range of tertiary wastewater treatment plants that are also the source for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oil refinery reduces energy consumption with a Culligan Solution

    Challenge A major petroleum refinery was looking to replace a hot lime softener. Naturally occurring minerals such as Calcium, Magnesium and Silica can cause scale in steam boilers and other types of equipment used in refinery operations. Scale deposits in steam boilers con reduce equipment efficiency and increase energy, chemical, disposal and maintenance costs. Hot lime softening is a ...


    By Culligan Water

  • Study of the optimization factors for preparation of heterogeneous reverse osmosis membranes

    The influence of the preparation factors such as casting solution composition, different methods of coal modification, evaporation time of solvent and their optimization on performance of cellulose acetate heterogeneous reverse osmosis membranes have been studied. Three types of membranes were made from a blend of cellulose acetate (CA) and coal by weight ratios 1:1.5, 1:1.75 and 1:2. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced flux performance of polyamide composite membranes prepared via interfacial polymerization assisted with ethyl formate

    A novel thin film composite (TFC) polyamide reverse osmosis membrane was prepared via the interfacial polymerization of m-phenylene diamine (MPD) in aqueous phase and 1,3,5-trimesoyl chloride (TMC) in organic phase on a polysulfone ultrafiltration support by assisting with ethyl formate as a co-solvent added in the organic phase. The ethyl formate added in the organic phase is intended to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • CSM fouling resistant reverse osmosis membranes

    This paper particularly deals with new fouling resistant RO membranes which are made more hydrophilic and less changed or charged with the same charge as the foulants to reduce hydrophobic interaction and charge attraction or to increase charge repulsion, respectively. The fouling resistant membranes manufactured by Woongjin Chemical in Korea are coated with hydrophilic monomers followed by ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Reverse Osmosis Element Design

    Introduction  TORAY REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE ELEMENTS are functional membrane elements with excellent quality and high performance developed with the polymer engineering expertise Toray has gained over the years. Toray Reverse Osmosis Membrane Elements are high rejection and high flux RO elements that have been meeting the high level requirements of our customers in many applications: ...


    By Toray Membrane Europe

  • Chlorine resistant membrane and the mechanism of membrane

    Polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used successfully for water desalination is made from the interfacial reaction of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) with trimesoyl chloride. One problem with the membrane is that its performance is deteriorated upon prolonged exposure to chlorine often used for disinfecting feed water. ATR-FTIR and XPS analysis show chlorine reacts with the amide hydrogen and is ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Chlorine resistant membrane: the mechanism of membrane degradation by chlorine

    Polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used successfully for water desalination is made from the interfacial reaction of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) with trimesoyl chloride. One problem with the membrane is that its performance is deteriorated upon prolonged exposure to chlorine often used for disinfecting feed water. ATR-FTIR and XPS analysis show chlorine reacts with the amide hydrogen and is ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Theoretical and practical experience of calcium phosphate inhibition in RO waters

    The increasing trend over the last ten years to use waste water as a feed source for reverse osmosis membrane plant has resulted in an increase in calcium phosphate scaling on membrane surfaces. This is due to much higher levels of phosphate in waste water typically 10-30 mg/l as compared with a groundwater source which may have only 1-5 mg/l of phosphate. These higher phosphate levels resulting ...

  • Application of chlorine resistant polyamide RO membrane for household water filtration device

    Chlorine attacks the polyamide RO membrane to cause membrane failure as measured by enhanced passage of both salt and water. For this reason, activated carbon pre-filters that remove chlorine are typically placed ahead of RO membranes in home drinking water treatment RO system. A general home drinking water treatment system employing RO is composed of preliminary sediment filter, activated carbon ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Reverse Osmosis Technology - Kuriverter Rc.

    Summary Applications using Reverse Osmosis membrane technologies are everywhere in our lives – from tiny under counter units polishing our drinking water through industrial units preparing water for processes or purifying effluents for reuse and massive seawater desalination plants producing thousands of m³ of drinking and irrigation water every day. The membranes used in this ...


    By Kurita

  • Comparison of plate and frame and spiral wound EDI Part 2

    Part 1 of this series compared spiral-wound electrodeionization(EDI) with more traditional plate-and-frame EDI. The plate-and-frame design is similar in construction to a plate heat exchanger with multiple fluid chambers sandwiched between a set of endplates (and electrodes). Within there are a series of cation and anion ion-exchange (IX) membranes. The spiral-wound design uses a pressure vessel ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Lithium Recovery From Salt Lake Brines

    The pretreatment workshop of Lithium extraction process adopts the international leading gradient coupling membrane separation technology, and the potassium fluoride from salt pans is subjected to magnesium-lithium separation and lithium concentration process to obtain high-purity lithium-rich brine, and is sent to the lithium plant to produce battery-grade lithium carbonate. The operation of the ...


    By Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi-tech Co

  • Membrane Free Volume Characterization

    Free Volume in Reverse Osmosis Membrane Reverse Osmosis (RO) is the leading technique for water desalination. RO membranes have been optimized over the past three decades. Typically, commerical RO membranes can produce drinking water from seawater. Water and salt transport through RO membrane follows the so-called Solution-Diffusion Model. Particularly, during separation, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Conception and optimization of a membrane electrode assembly microbial fuel cell (MEA-MFC) for treatment of domestic wastewater

    A membrane electrode assembly (MEA) for microbial fuel cells (MEA-MFC) was developed for continuous electricity production while treating domestic wastewater concurrently. It was optimized via three upgraded versions (noted α, β and γ) in terms of design (current collectors, hydrophilic separator nature) and operating conditions (hydraulic retention time, external resistance, aeration rate, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternative water supply and treatment solutions in Durban (SA)

    As a result of persistent drought conditions in South Africa a customer (an international consumer goods producer with a production facility in Durban) experiences the pressure of limited availability of water. The ever dropping dam levels currently result in higher risk for intermittent water supply resulting in unplanned and forced production stops in case no water is available. Aquest Colsen ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

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