reverse osmosis monitoring Articles

  • Selecting a pump for sea water reverse osmosis

    Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination has become a significant process used in the purification of water. Selecting the correct pump is a significant step in a well designed and properly operating pumping system. Although the pump is a relatively small part of the overall cost of an RO system, expenses resulting from downtime and inefficiency can quickly diminish the productivity of the RO system and ...


    By Cat Pumps

  • Influence of feed quality on seawater reverse osmosis performance

    The trouble-free operation of a Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant relies on the quality of the treated feed water, which highlights the need for optimisation of the pre-treatment steps. The quality of raw seawater varies with time in terms of suspended and colloidal load, along with the dissolved salt content. In a conventional pre-treatment scheme, consisting of clarification and particulate and micron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The safe use of cationic flocculants with reverse osmosis membranes

    Abstract Flocculants are used in combination with coagulants to agglomerate suspended particles for removal by filtration. This technique is used extensively in all types of surface waters to reduce the silt density index (SDI) and minimise membrane fouling. Although organic cationic flocculants are particularly effective, their widespread use in membrane applications is limited ...

  • Assessment of an ultrafiltration pre-treatment system for a seawater reverse osmosis plant

    The seawater reverse osmosis system requires extensive pre-treatment in order to ensure reliable performance. The conventional pre-treatment system involves dosing of chemicals, which requires frequent monitoring of raw water quality, and also involves adjusting the dosage. Besides being cumbersome, there is a lot of time lag involved in carrying out these measures. This calls for pre-treatment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preparation of thin-film composite polyamide reverse osmosis membranes

    Thin-Film Composite (TFC) polyamide membranes in spiral wound configuration are widely used in seawater desalting plants worldwide because of their superior solute-rejecting properties and attractive water permeation rates. TFC polyamide membranes are three layered membranes, prepared in two stages wherein conventional phase separation and interfacial polymerisation techniques are combined to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Demonstrating ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis performance using size exclusion chromatography

    Advanced water treatment plants employing ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membrane processes are frequently implemented for the production of high-quality recycled water. It is important that process performance is able to be quantified and assessed to ensure it is fit for purpose. This research utilizes size exclusion chromatography with organic carbon, organic nitrogen and UV254 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary study on novel backwash cleaning for reverse osmosis fouling control in water reuse

    We have demonstrated a novel backwash cleaning technique of direct osmosis (DO)-high salinity (HS) for reverse osmosis (RO) fouling control in water reuse. An UF-RO pilot system was continuously (24-h) operated on site with the secondary effluent as the feed over 4 months. The RO plant was run at 75% recovery and at the membrane flux of 17 l m−2 h−1 (LMH) to simulate the full scale NEWater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemicals in reverse osmosis-treated wastewater: occurrence, health risk, and contribution to residual dissolved organic carbon

    The quality and safety of reverse osmosis (RO)-treated secondary wastewater (WW), for indirect potable re-use, was assessed using a dataset of 375 chemicals measured in RO-treated WW. A screening health risk assessment indicated that four N-nitrosamines were of potential concern, although median concentrations of these chemicals were always below health values. The most frequently detected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-Time Membrane Fouling Monitoring

    The Port Hueneme Water Agency (PHWA) has been operating a municipal drinking water treatment plant designed to be a Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility. The facility consists of 3 separate side-by-side full scale systems or trains, each representing a major membrane separation process: nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO) and electro dialysis reversal (EDR). Both the NF and RO ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • RO monitors and Controllers: pros and cons

    A look at a range of devices for watching TDS. One major question a potential customer may ask before they purchase a point-of-use/point-of-entry (POU/POE) water treatment system is, “How often will I need to change the filter?” Maintenance and service are directly related to two of their major concerns: money and health. People don’t want to spend money unnecessarily, yet they ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • A Guide to Oil in Water Monitoring for Environmental Compliance

    Applications for industrial oil in water monitoring can vary greatly. In upstream and midstream oil and gas production applications, monitoring separation efficiencies is key to optimize production rates, preventative maintenance, chemical use, flow, and environmental compliance. Separated water from the oil is called produced water and it must be cleaned of oil before disposal or ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Chemical monitoring strategy for the assessment of advanced water treatment plant performance

    A pilot-scale plant was employed to validate the performance of a proposed full-scale advanced water treatment plant (AWTP) in Sydney, Australia. The primary aim of this study was to develop a chemical monitoring program that can demonstrate proper plant operation resulting in the removal of priority chemical constituents in the product water. The feed water quality to the pilot plant was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Early discovery of RO membrane fouling and real-time monitoring of plant performance for optimizing cost of water

    Abstract RO plant operators, end-users, membrane manufacturers and system suppliers have been facing two major problems since the advent of commercial membrane technology applications for water desalination utilizing reverse osmosis (RO) and other membrane processes: how to reliably monitor their membrane system performance and how to detect membrane fouling and scaling development in real ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Operating boundaries of full-scale advanced water reuse treatment plants: many lessons learned from pilot plant experience

    Three Advanced Water Treatment Plants (AWTP) have recently been built in South East Queensland as part of the Western Corridor Recycled Water Project (WCRWP) producing Purified Recycled Water from secondary treated waste water for the purpose of indirect potable reuse. At Luggage Point, a demonstration plant was primarily operated by the design team for design verification. The investigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Commercial RO Package, Jordan

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured a commercial RO package to a major hotel in Jordan to remove, chlorine, TDS, and odor from well water. The package consisted of pre and post treatments including a multimedia filter and chemical dosing systems. The brackish ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Métallurgie Magnola, Quebec Case Study

    Métallurgie Magnola Inc. (MMI) is a company based in Danville - Québec, Canada - specializing in the production of magnesium from mine tailings located close to the plant. In 2003 the company was forced to suspend operations because of the intense competition coming from China. Problem During MMI's production process, a residual mainly composed of silica and iron was ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Water Bottling Plant Chooses Greyline for Level Control

    Culligan were able to double up level monitoring of two tanks with one instrument because pairs of identical-sized tanks were interconnected with a 2” pipe near their base. The Greyline SLT32 was calibrated to display the combined volume of both tanks. This function worked with a two vertical tanks as well as a pair of horizontal round tanks where the SLT32’s HRT round tank volume ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Integrated process control for recirculating cooling water treatment in the coal chemical industry

    This work focused on the integrated process of the recirculating cooling water (RCW) treatment to achieve approximate zero emission in the coal chemical industry. The benefits of fractional and comprehensive RCW treatment were quantified and qualified by using a water and mass balance approach. Limits of cycle of concentrations and some encountered bottlenecks were used to ascertain set target ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water bottling plant chooses Greyline for level control

    When of Calgary Alberta needed to automate water tank levels at their bottling plant in Calgary Alberta they called on Packaging of High River, Alberta for system advice. They selected Greyline SLT32 Ultrasonic Level Monitors with digital level display and programmable control relays for level control in five stainless steel tanks. Culligan were able to double up level monitoring of two tanks ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Water bottling plant chooses Greyline for level control

    Culligan were able to double up level monitoring of two tanks with one instrument because pairs of identical-sized tanks were interconnected with a 2” pipe near their base. The Greyline SLT32 was calibrated to display the combined volume of both tanks. This function worked with a two vertical tanks as well as a pair of horizontal round tanks where the SLT32’s HRT round tank volume ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

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