river flow Articles

  • Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project

    Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have ...


    By Senix Corporation

  • Study of the environmental flow of rivers, a case study, Kashkan River, Iran

    Environmental flow is an essential factor in the survival of river ecosystems. Growing populations cause increased demand for water and a decrease in water available for habitat. The objective of this study was to estimate the environmental flow of the Kashkan River in Iran, where a dam is going to be built. Due to a lack of ecological data in the area, and to allocate a reasonable value of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of environmental flow requirements for the river ecosystem in the Haihe River Basin, China

    The temporal and spatial environmental flow requirements (EFRs) for the river ecosystem of the Haihe River Basin were analyzed based mainly on the eco-functional regionalization of available water resources. The annual EFRs for the river ecosystem of the Haihe River Basin were 47.71 × 108 m3, which accounted for 18% of the average annual flow (263.9 × 108 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of Groundwater Abstractions on River Flows (IGARF)

    This project was undertaken to review the current practice for the evaluation of groundwater abstractions on river and stream flows when assessing groundwater abstraction licence applications. This research contract formed Phase I of the National Groundwater and Contaminated Land Centre’s IGARF programme. The primary objectives of the project were to present a reasoned, robust and ...

  • Multidecadal climate oscillations in rainfall and river flow extremes

    Temporal clustering in rainfall and flow extremes Recent research has shown that rainfall extremes exhibit temporal clustering at multi-decadal time scales, most probably as a result of persistence in large scale atmospheric circulation over such time scales. Continue reading the full ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • River modeling

    When developing regional groundwater models, it is often necessary to represent complex river systems which may exist over a drainage basin. In order to simplify the representation of such river systems in a 3D regional groundwater model, SoilVision Systems Ltd. has implemented a special Rivers object which can be used to represent complex river systems on the top surface of a numerical model. ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Groundwater Flow Modeling of Gundal Sub-basin in Kabini River Basin, India

    Abstract: Accurate estimation of groundwater recharge is extremely important for proper management of groundwater system especially in semi-arid regions. Many different approaches exist for estimating recharge. This study deals with groundwater modeling for assessing the groundwater balance and estimating the recharge in the Gundal sub-basin, which is located in a semi-arid portion of the Kabini ...


  • Trends and variability of climate and river flow in the region of Costa das Baleias, Brazil

    There is an ongoing effort by the scientific community to regionalize climate studies to support local development plans. The area of interest is the Costa das Baleias on the east coast of northeast Brazil. It is located in a transition region of precipitation trends, and so assessing the local signal and magnitude is necessary. A series of annual anomalies of surface air temperature, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A large-scale hydroclimatological perspective on western European river flow regimes

    A novel flow regime classification scheme was applied to 141 river basins across western Europe, providing more robust analysis of space–time variability in regimes and their driving hydroclimatological processes. Regime shape (timing) and magnitude (size) were classified to regionalise long-term average flow regimes and to quantify year-to-year variation in regimes for each basin. Six ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Copula-based stochastic simulation of hydrological data applied to Nile River flows

    Modelling a multivariate distribution is a classical issue in statistics. Copula functions offer a useful solution to this issue by modelling the multivariate distribution as a function of its marginal distributions. They have been used in various problems in hydrology and water management such as flood frequency analysis and drought or rainfall intensity-duration frequency analysis. However, to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Generation of 10-day flow of the Brahmaputra River using a time series model

    Time series models are used in hydrology for the generation of river flow data. The development of such a model, namely deseasonalized Autoregressive Moving Average (ARMA), for the generation of 10-day flows of the Brahmaputra River in Bangladesh is described. The model was fitted following systematic stages of identification, estimation and diagnostic checking of model building. A negative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spatial differences in the impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the flow of rivers in Europe

    The article presents regional differences in the impact that the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) exerts on the flow of European rivers. The impact is determined by temporal variations in the strength of relations expressed by coefficients of correlation between monthly or seasonal NAO indices and discharges recorded at 510 river profiles. The results of the correlation analysis were arranged ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recent changes in patterns of western Canadian river flow and association with climatic drivers

    Climatic variability and change can have profound impacts on the hydrologic regime of a watershed, especially in regions that are sensitive to changes in climate, such as the northern latitudes and alpine-fed regions of western Canada. Quantifying historical spatial and temporal changes in hydrological data can provide useful information as to how water resources are affected by climatic and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Changes in stage–flow relation of the East River, the Pearl River basin: causes and implications

    Water level and streamflow extracted from 891 hydrological episodes from both dry and flood seasons covering a period of 1954–2009 were analyzed to investigate stage–flow relations. Results indicate the following. (1) Since the early 1990s the low/high flow is increasing/decreasing. The water level, particularly the high level, is consistently decreasing. An abrupt decrease of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Studying of flow model and bed load transport in a coarse bed river: case study – Aland River, Iran

    This paper describes a mathematical model which solves the 1D unsteady flow over a mobile bed. The model is based on the Richtmyer second-order explicit scheme. Comparison of the model results with the experimental flume data for alluvial steady flow (aggradation due to overloading) and unsteady flow shows that, by using the two-step method of Richtmyer, one can solve the equations, governing the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flow modeling and analysis of compound channel in river network with complex floodplains and groynes

    Presented here are flow simulations of a network of natural rivers flanked by one or two large and complex floodplains with impermeable groynes and bridge embankments using one- and quasi-two-dimensional dynamic flow models. The effects of the large floodplain storage capacity, momentum transfer interaction and apparent shear stress at the vertical interface between the main channel and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of climate change on future stream flow in the Dakbla river basin

    A systematic ensemble high-resolution climate modelling study over Vietnam was performed and future hydrological changes over the small catchment of Dakbla, Central Highland region of Vietnam, were studied. Using the widely used regional climate model WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting), future climate change over the period 2091–2100 was ascertained. The results indicate that surface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Daily river flow forecasting using wavelet ANN hybrid models

    Advance time step stream flow forecasting is of paramount importance in controlling flood damage. During the past few decades, artificial neural network (ANN) techniques have been used extensively in stream flow forecasting and have proven to be a better technique than other forecasting methods such as multiple regression and general transfer function models. This study uses discrete wavelet ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The River Segura: reclaimed water, recovered river

    The Region of Murcia is located in southeast Spain, an area known for structural water stress. The most important water source that runs through the Region is the Segura River, which is the main irrigation water resource. Late last century there was a significant environmental problem in the Segura River caused by an increase of inadequately treated wastewater discharges, in a period of low flow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of IT on river modeling

    Background Models of river channels and river flows have been used to good effect for many years. HR Wallingford Group, in the UK, has been building physical models of rivers for nearly 60 years. Some years ago, it was predicted that physical modeling would soon cease to exist, to be entirely replaced by computer models. This has not happened - in fact, the demand for physical models is greater ...


    By Innovyze

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