runoff modeling Articles

  • A conceptual grey rainfall-runoff model for simulation with uncertainty

    This paper presents an approach based on grey numbers to represent the total uncertainty of a conceptual rainfall-runoff model. Using this approach, once the grey numbers representing the model parameters have been properly defined, it is possible to obtain simulated discharges in the form of intervals (grey numbers) whose envelope defines a band which represents the total model uncertainty. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rainfall–runoff modelling using genetic programming

    This paper presents the application of genetic programming to the generation of models to assess the total runoff of a basin starting from the total rainfall in it and using data recorded in a sub-basin at the valley of Mexico (the Mixcoac sub-basin to the west of Mexico City). The modelling process is developed contrasting two types of models with different complexity degree: (1) a nonlinear ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model-based monitoring of stormwater runoff quality

    Monitoring of micropollutants (MP) in stormwater is essential to evaluate the impacts of stormwater on the receiving aquatic environment. The aim of this study was to investigate how different strategies for monitoring of stormwater quality (combining a model with field sampling) affect the information obtained about MP discharged from the monitored system. A dynamic stormwater quality model was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Towards a generic rainfall-runoff model for green roofs

    A simple conceptual model for green roof hydrological processes is shown to reproduce monitored data, both during a storm event, and over a longer continuous simulation period. The model comprises a substrate moisture storage component and a transient storage component. Storage within the substrate represents the roof's overall stormwater retention capacity (or initial losses). Following a storm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Regionalisation of the parameters of the rainfall–runoff model PQRUT

    This paper presents the regionalisation of the three parameter event-based PQRUT model, which is used for design flood analyses. The PQRUT model is used for the analysis of peak flows for which a sub-daily temporal resolution is required. The availability of high-resolution discharge data and disaggregated precipitation data have made it possible to re-evaluate the regional regression ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On runoff generation and the distribution of storage deficits

    A number of hydrological models use a distribution function to develop the non-linear rainfall–runoff catchment response. In this study the beta function is applied to represent a distribution of soil moisture storages in conjunction with a fast and slow pathway routing. The BETA3 and BETA4 modules, presented in this paper, have a distribution of discrete storage elements that have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rainfall, Runoff and Infiltration Re-visited

    Introduction The flow variations in sewers have been modelled for several years with a comparatively high degree of accuracy as far as the diurnal variations and responses to climatic conditions are concerned. However, until comparatively recently the variations in flow due to fluctuations in groundwater levels, soil storage capacity and wetness of the catchment have only been modelled in basic ...


    By Innovyze

  • Stochastic modelling of rainfall and runoff phenomenon: a time series approach review

    Rainfall-runoff simulation and forecasting is essential for disaster management, planning, designing and operation of water resource projects. This paper reviews the till date development and current status of time series analysis-based modelling and simulation attempts of rainfall-runoff phenomenon. The discussion starts with the historical demand to forecast the chaotic natural process of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A two-stage storage routing model for green roof runoff detention

    Green roofs have been adopted in urban drainage systems to control the total quantity and volumetric flow rate of runoff. Modern green roof designs are multi-layered, their main components being vegetation, substrate and, in almost all cases, a separate drainage layer. Most current hydrological models of green roofs combine the modelling of the separate layers into a single process; these models ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility and uncertainty of using conceptual rainfall-runoff models in design flood estimation

    Hydrological models are developed for different purposes including flood forecasting, design flood estimation, water resources assessment, and impact study of climate change and land use change, etc. In this study, applicability and uncertainty of two deterministic lumped models, the Xinanjiang (XAJ) model and the Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenbalansavdelning (HBV) model, in design flood ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An alternative approach to modelling stormwater runoff from small urban catchments

    The inability of current stormwater quality models to reproduce historical pollutographs accurately and reliably has prompted the need to introduce alternative approaches to simulate stormwater runoff from urban catchments. In view of the increasing popularity of designing urban stormwater systems using the Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) approach, it is also essential to adopt a modelling ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Distributed modelling of urban runoff using a meta-channel concept

    Hydraulic flood routing is advantageous for computational accuracy; however, it requires individual calculations of an extensive pipe network in the case of a two-dimensional analysis. In this study, a method for considering the characteristics of a two-dimensional pipe network has been developed using the meta-channel concept to simplify the detailed calculations involved in the estimation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pesticide transport with runoff from turf: observations compared with TurfPQ model simulations

    Received for publication September 30, 2008. Pesticides applied to turf grass have been detected in surface waters raising concerns of their effect on water quality and interest in their source, hydrological transport and use of models to predict transport. TurfPQ, a pesticide runoff model for turf grass, predicts pesticide transport but has not been rigorously validated for larger storms. The ...

  • Effects of rainfall data resolution on watershed-scale model performance in predicting runoff

    The hydrologic simulation program-FORTRAN (HSPF) model is widely used to develop management strategies for water resources, but its effectiveness is limited by predictive uncertainties associated with model input data. This study evaluated the effect of rainfall data resolution on the model performance when predicting runoff. We examined hourly, 3-hourly, 12-hourly, and 24-hourly temporal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hybrid wavelet-support vector machine approach for modelling rainfall–runoff process

    Because of the importance of water resources management, the need for accurate modeling of the rainfall–runoff process has rapidly grown in the past decades. Recently, the support vector machine (SVM) approach has been used by hydrologists for rainfall–runoff modeling and the other fields of hydrology. Similar to the other artificial intelligence models, such as artificial neural network (ANN) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling runoff on ceramic tile roofs using the kinematic wave equations

    Generally, roofs are the best candidates for rainwater harvesting. In this context, the correct evaluation of the quantity and quality of runoff from roofs is essential to effectively design rainwater harvesting systems. This study aims to evaluate the performance of a kinematic wave based numerical model in simulating runoff on sloping roofs, by comparing the numerical results with the ones ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Runoff model validation for large–scale afforestation in arid land

    As a countermeasure against global warming, large scale afforestation of arid land which is hardly used for crop cultivation has been receiving attention. By large scale afforestation, atmospheric CO2 will be fixed into plants. In arid land, however, most of the rainwater is lost by runoff and evaporation. Effective use of rainwater is required for afforestation. Thus, we made ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integration of urban runoff and storm sewer models using the OpenMI framework

    This paper presents an integrated modeling approach that combines the legacy urban runoff and the legacy storm sewer models with data exchange at runtime to simulate sewer flows with real-time rainfalls. A software system called IRES has been developed to demonstrate the proposed approach. IRES uses the RUNOFF and the EXTRAN block of Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) as the legacy urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geomorphology-based genetic programming approach for rainfall–runoff modeling

    Nowadays, artificial intelligence approaches such as artificial neural network (ANN) as a self-learn non-linear simulator and genetic programming (GP) as a tool for function approximations are widely used for rainfall–runoff modeling. Both approaches are usually created based on temporal characteristics of the process. Hence, the motivation to present a comprehensive model which also ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced accuracy of rainfall–runoff modeling with wavelet transform

    Wavelet transform (WT) is typically used to decompose time series data for only one hydrological feature at a time. This study applied WT for simultaneous decomposition of rainfall and runoff time series data. For the calibration data, the decomposed rainfall and runoff time series calibrate the subsystem response function using the least squares (LS) method at each scale. For the validation ...


    By IWA Publishing

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