salinity meter Articles

  • Salinity modeling for the Altona sewerage strategy

    City West Water’s Altona sewerage system is possibly one of the most studied sewerage networks in Melbourne, Australia. Currently the tertiary sewage effluent from the Altona treatment plant is discharged to Port Philip Bay with an average salinity of approximately 4500 mg/litre.  This study involved the development of a detailed model that accurately reflected the sources and dilution of ...


    By Innovyze

  • Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project

    Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have ...


    By Senix Corporation

  • Evaluating the effects of septic tank on shallow wells in Iba housing estate, Ojo LGA, Lagos

    Water samples from 30 shallow wells were measured for depth, depth to water table, and distance to septic tank. In situ parameters including electrical conductivity, pH, total dissolved solids, and temperature were measured using portable meters. Chemical parameters including salinity, chloride, calcium, alkalinity and total hardness were determined using titrimetry method. Sulphate and nitrate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis Devices, Dubai UAE

    INTRODUCTION In August 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured brackish water reverse osmosis devices to a major company in Dubai, UAE to treat well water. There were four BW-1.5K-140 systems each designed to produce 1,500 GPD at a feed water TDS of a maximum 5,000 ppm, it was selected from our ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • The Expected Impact of the Peace Conduit Project (The Red Sea – Dead Sea Pipeline) on the Dead Sea

    The Dead Sea of Israel, Jordan and Syria is a severely disturbed ecosystem, greatly damaged by anthropogenic intervention in its water balance. During the 20 th century, the Dead Sea level dropped by more than 25 meters, and presently (2003) it is at about 416 meters below mean sea level. This negative water balance is mainly due to the diversion of water from the catchment area of the lake by ...


    By Springer

  • Commercial BWRO Package, Iraq

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured a commercial BWRO unit to a major company in Iraq to lower chlorine, TDS, and odor from well water. The system included multimedia and activated carbon filters to remove particulates, odor, color and taste, and ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Commercial SWRO Machine, Philippines

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied a commercial SWRO machine to a major company in the Philippines. The machine came complete with an advanced microprocessor control along with pretreatments consisting of a ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Coastline Change Detection Using Remote Sensing

    Coast is a unique environment in which atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere contact each other. Coastline is one of the most important linear features on the earth’s surface, which display a dynamic nature. Coastal zone, and its environmental management requires the information about coastlines and their changes. This paper examines the current methods of coastline change detection using ...

  • Environmental aspects of a desalination plant in Ashkelon

    Abstract The desalination plant was set up as a solution to Israel's growing demand for fresh water. This is the first of a series of designated desalination plants of the same approximate size, which are at present in various stages of planning and licensing. The desalination plant in Ashkelon is one of the largest in the world, and the largest in the Levant Basin. The proposed solution for ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Peak Water?

    Agriculture used to mean unexciting investments in commodities. Now Silicon Valley, for instance NewSeed Advisors and KPCB, are looking for the “next great idea” in farming efficiency. It’s Agriculture 2.0, a.k.a. “ag” app. At the same time companies like Goldman Sachs and several sovereign funds are investing in agricultural land. Why is this!? ...


    By HVR Water Purification AB

  • Impact of Tsunami Disaster on the Water Environment

    ABSTRACTThe earthquake that generated the great Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 is estimated to have released the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The earthquake occurred on December 26, 2004 was an undersea earthquake originated in the Indian Ocean off the western coast Indonesia and generated tsunamis that were among the worst disasters ...

  • Skid mounted BWRO Systems, Venezuela

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied five skid mounted BWRO systems to a major company in Venezuela. The skid mounted BWRO systems came complete with am activated carbon filter for chlorine ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Mining water from gypsum

    Water resources in the world are scarce and unevenly distributed. In deserts, the only source of drinking water is groundwater, often saline and of poor quality. In many places, the groundwater levels have dropped dangerously due to overexploitation. Gypsum deposits, that are very common in deserts, are a potential source of drinking water, a fact that is realised by very few people. Gypsum ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mapping of freshwater aquifers case study

    Big Pine Key, Florida The Nature Conservancy is coordinating investigations to document the physical and biological changes that will occur on small oceanic islands as a result of sea level rise. Big Pine Key, FL is one of the primary areas of investigation because of extensive previous work and that a large portion of the island is a National Wildlife Refuge and therefore not subject to ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Mapping of freshwater aquifers by GeoView case study

    Big Pine Key, Florida The Nature Conservancy is studying the physical and biological changes that will occur on small oceanic islands as a result of sea level rise. Big Pine Key, Florida is one of the primary areas of investigation because of extensive previous work on the key and because a large portion of the island is a National Wildlife Refuge. As part of the investigation, GeoView ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Monitoring groundwater resources for Municipalities - Case Study

    Background The City of Tucson is located in the Sonoran Desert in southwest United States (U.S.), approximately 100 km north of the Mexico-U.S. border. Tucson Water operates more than 215 groundwater wells, covering more than 300 square miles, providing more than 37 billion gallons (140 million m3) of potable water to its 730,000 inhabitants each year. The region receives only 12 inches of ...


    By Van Essen Instruments

  • Pump/Recharge Rate Affects Saltwater Intrusion

    Untitled Document Many areas of the world use groundwater as their main source of fresh water supply. With the worlds population increasing ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • A Thirsty Future for the Middle East

    Whilst some dream of a rosy future for the Middle East, the more pragmatic see a future devoid of roses or any naturally unsustainable vegetation for that matter, too costly a use for an evermore precious commodity, Water. His Highness General Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, recently identified water as a key ...

  • Effects of road deicer (NACL) and amphibian grazers on detritus processing in pond mesocosms

    Road deicers have been identified as potential stressors in aquatic habitats throughout the United States and we know little regarding associated impacts to ecosystem function. A critical component of ecosystem function that has not previously been evaluated with respect to freshwater salinization is the impact on organic matter breakdown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cumulative ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • New monitoring technology helps reveal Arctic secrets

    A group of Arctic researchers has employed the latest monitoring technology to investigate the effects of climate change, by measuring temperature and salinity in the water column beneath surface ice. The results of the investigation, which utilised YSI’s new 'Castaway-CTD', could cast new light on our understanding of the ways in which shifting ocean currents impact upon the climate in ...

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