salinity sensor Articles

  • Salinity and miniDOT

    The miniDOT and other optical dissolved oxygen sensors measure oxygen within a special plastic material that has the property of changing its fluorescence in response to the amount of oxygen present. Oxygen arrives within this material by diffusion from the surrounding environment, which is usually water.  The miniDOT determines oxygen concentration in water dissolved oxygen  by ...

  • Use of Electromagnetic Induction Tools in salinity assessment/appraisals in eastern Colorado

    Abstract Electromagnetic induction (EMI) is a relatively low-cost and rapid method for measuring, assessing spatially soil salinity. The two studies were conducted to evaluate data obtained with a single-frequency (EM38 meter) and multi-frequency (GEM300 sensor) EMI instruments and to relate apparent conductivity measured by these instruments with the more conventional conductivity of the ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Influence of the shear stress and salinity on Anammox biofilms formation: Modelling results

    Anammox biomass has a relatively long duplication time and low yield. This is an advantage because the production of surplus sludge is reduced; however it also implies that the process must be operated in reactors with very good sludge retention. Some of the systems used to improve biomass retention are based on biofilm reactors; therefore, the objective of this work was to study the ability of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stevens Hydra Probe Soil Sensors Deployed in Florida Swamp for Restoration Study

    Coastal wetlands provide a large number of critical functions that benefit the surrounding ecosystems and the neighboring human population centers. Coastal flood plains and wetlands help prevent the flooding and destruction of coastal communities by storm surges, acting as a natural buffer to protect communities near the coast. The bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is one of the dominant tree ...

  • Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project

    Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have ...


    By Senix Corporation

  • Chronoamperometric–based detection of hydrogen peroxide using palladium nanoparticles

    Monodisperse palladium nanoparticles were used to develop a chronoamperometric–based sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Thioether stabilised palladium nanoparticles with diameters of 1.8 nm, 2.0 nm and 3.0 nm were synthesised using a pyrolysis method. The palladium nanoparticles were immobilised on gold electrode ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tech Tip: SeaFET/SeapHOx pH Pre-conditioning

    The SeaFET/SeapHOx must condition to the deployment environment for at least 48 hours before pH data is considered reliable. The Shallow SeaFET’s external pH sensor must be powered and exposed to the deployment site’s water for 2–5 days before obtaining quality data. You will often see the external pH gradually rise until it meets the internal reference pH within ~0.05 pH after ...

  • Case study - SEAWATCH Ecuador

    CLIENT: Instituto Oceanografico de la Armada (INOCAR). DURATION:  2002 onwards LOCATION:  Pacific Ocean off Ecuador This project for INOCAR (Instituto Oceanografico de la Armada) consisted of the delivery of a real time system to monitor meteorological and oceanographic parameters in water depths reaching 5000m. The ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Remote sensing of land degradation: experiences from Latin America and the Caribbean

    Received for publication April 6, 2009. Land degradation caused by deforestation, overgrazing, and inappropriate irrigation practices affects about 16% of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). This paper addresses issues related to the application of remote sensing technologies for the identification and mapping of land degradation features, with special attention to the LAC region. The ...

  • Case study - SEAWATCH Greece - POSEIDON

    Fugro was selected in 1995 by the Puertos del Estado (Coast and Harbour Authorities) in Spain to execute the contract for the project: "Warning and Observation Network for the Marine Environment in Spanish Coastal Waters (instrumentation and control)". Fugro OCEANOR started implementation of the first generation operational oceanographic forecasting system for Greece in 1998. The system named ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Surface Ocean Acidification studies using Ships Of Opportunity

    Ships of Opportunity Ships of opportunity (SOOP) are used as a platform for cost-efficient collection of environmental data, Ferrybox. The SOOP network operated by NIVA cover the majority of the Norwegian coastline (from Germany (54N ) in the South to Svalbard (78N) in the North. This network is used in the national OA monitoring program. Globally, SOOPs are used for pCO2 measurements and ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • Case study - SEAWATCH India

    CLIENT: Department of Ocean Development (DOD), Government of India PURPOSE: Implementation of a Marine Surveillance and Information System (MIS) for Indian waters DURATION: Phase 1, 1997 to 2000 Operational phase: 2000 onwards LOCATION: Indian EEZ DESCRIPTION: The project ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Case study - SEAWATCH Peru

    The El Niño phenomenon, of which much has been spoken over the last few years will now be monitored by "El Instituto del Mar del Perú" (IMARPE) and the Hydrographic Service of the Peruvian Navy with the help of Fugro OCEANOR's technology. Over the last few years, many articles have been written by the media concerning EL Niño. El Niño marks the arrival of warmer water ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Finding the needle in the hay stack - tracing seabed gas seepages using hullborne multibeam echo sounder, and AUV based sonar and optical systems case study

    Scientific objective A better understanding of the shallow geological systems in the Barents Sea with particular attention to fluid flow Specific objectives Identify regional spatial distribution of gas flares within an area of 3000 km2 in the Barents Sea Identify and describe associated structures (i.e. pockmarks, carbonate reefs) using ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • Monitoring groundwater resources for Municipalities - Case Study

    Background The City of Tucson is located in the Sonoran Desert in southwest United States (U.S.), approximately 100 km north of the Mexico-U.S. border. Tucson Water operates more than 215 groundwater wells, covering more than 300 square miles, providing more than 37 billion gallons (140 million m3) of potable water to its 730,000 inhabitants each year. The region receives only 12 inches of ...

  • Monitoring Water Quality Runoff From a Coalmine

    Intelligent Monitoring Solutions from dataTaker CAS DataLoggers provided the intelligent datalogging solution for an open-cut coalmine managing a high salinity water runoff into local retaining dams. The water from these dams could only be released into the local river system when it was of sufficient quality to have no effect on the irrigation of the surrounding farming district. ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • New monitoring technology helps reveal Arctic secrets

    A group of Arctic researchers has employed the latest monitoring technology to investigate the effects of climate change, by measuring temperature and salinity in the water column beneath surface ice. The results of the investigation, which utilised YSI’s new 'Castaway-CTD', could cast new light on our understanding of the ways in which shifting ocean currents impact upon the climate in ...

  • Water quality is key to the success of Cardiff Bay

    Water quality has been a central theme in a redevelopment project that began with the creation of the Cardiff Bay Development Corporation in April 1987. This article will examine the role that water quality has played in the remarkable transformation that has taken place in Cardiff and explain how monitoring technology has developed to the stage whereby any person, anywhere in the world, can view ...

  • Can we bury the carbon dioxide problem?

    Seriously — carbon capture and storage could be a game-changer. Mention “carbon capture and storage” — the process of trapping carbon dioxide produced in fossil-fuel burning or other industrial processes and burying it underground — in polite company, and you’re likely to be pounced on. It’s absurdly expensive. It can never be rolled ...


    By Ensia

  • Using Electromagnetic induction to characterize soils - Case Study

    Electrical conductivity measurements have been used for years to determine salinity and moisture in soils. Probes were inserted directly into the soil to determine how well the soil conducted an applied current. This process was slow and labor-intensive and was usually reserved for scientific studies. A more recent technique for measuring conductivity is electromagnetic induction (EM), a ...


    By Geonics Limited

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