salt contaminated soil treatment Articles

  • Treatment of salt affected soil in the oil field

    Soils, drill cuttings and other solid wastes which are exposed to high levels of salt through spillage from drilling and producing operations, pipe line breaks or leaks, become saturated with sodium. Although the EPA and the industry have demonstrated that the vast majority of such wastes are non-hazardous, in actuality, they have an adverse impact on the fertility of the soil. The degree of salt ...


    By SOS Environmental, Inc.

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • Brownfield development - Biotechnology cleans contaminated soil

    The Tooele Army Depot (TEAD) is in Tooele, Tooele County, Utah, 35 miles southwest of Salt Lake City. It consists of two separate areas, the North Area and the South Area. The North Area covers about 25,000 acres in Tooele Valley south and west of Tooele. Since 1943, TEAD has had a fourfold mission: store ammunition, demilitarize ammunition, rebuild military equipment and store military ...


  • In-situ Technology for Clean up of Halogen Contaminated Sites - Process West case study

    Halogenated volatile organic solvents are found in the soil or ground-water at many former and active industrial sites. Fortunately highly effective remediation technologies are available to restore these former brownfields to a healthy state. The range of technologies includes the traditional approach where the contaminated soil is excavated and the volatile halogenated contaminants are ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate inorganics in ground water, surface water, and leachate. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the effects of adsorption and other processes of ...

  • TPHEnhanced pilot study - Residual Petroleum Remediation Former Fire Training Center: Naphthalene, BTEX Contaminants Former Chanute Air Force Base, Illinois USA case study

    Project Highlights TPHENHANCED proven to expedite biodegradation of saturated soil/groundwater PHC contaminants, anaerobically TPHENHANCED facilitated >96% reduction in Naphthalene over 13-week evaluation period. TPHENHANCED proven Green and sustainable strategy, minimizing environmental impact and remedial costs. TPHENHANCED cost-effective site ...

  • Pyrolysis

    Introduction: Pyrolysis is formally defined as chemical decomposition induced in organic materials by heat in the absence of oxygen. In practice, it is not possible to achieve a completely oxygen-free atmosphere; actual pyrolytic systems are operated with less than stoichiometric quantities of oxygen. Because some oxygen will be present in any pyrolytic system, nominal oxidation will occur. If ...

  • A Citizen`s Guide to Chemical Dehalogenation

    What is chemical dehalogenation? Chemical dehalogenation is a chemical process to remove halogens (usually chlorine) from a chemical contaminant, rendering it less hazardous. Halogens are a class of chemical elements that include chlorine, bromine, iodine, and fluorine. Polychlorinated biphenyls are halogenated compounds that once were used in high voltage electrical transformers because they ...

  • Dehalogenation

    Introduction: Contaminated soil is screened, processed with a crusher and pug mill, and mixed with reagents. The mixture is heated in a reactor. The dehalogenation process is achieved by either the replacement of the halogen molecules or the decomposition and partial volatilization of the contaminants. Base-catalyzed Decomposition (BCD) Base-catalyzed ...

  • A Citizen`s Guide to Bioremediation

    What is bioremediation? Bioremediation is a treatment process that uses naturally occurring microorganisms (yeast, fungi, or bacteria) to break down, or degrade, hazardous substances into less toxic or nontoxic substances. Microorganisms, just like humans, eat and digest organic substances for nutrients and energy. In chemical terms, 'organic' compounds are those that contain carbon and hydrogen ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Making MGP Wastes Beneficial

    More than 11 billion gallons of coal tar were generated at MGP sites in the United States from 1816 to 1947. The types and quantities of waste discharged to surface waters from MGPs vary from site to site, and the disposition of several billion gallons is unknown and remains unaccounted for. Numerous locations in the United States have sediments and soils contaminated with wastes generated from ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • Impact of Tsunami Disaster on the Water Environment

    ABSTRACTThe earthquake that generated the great Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 is estimated to have released the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The earthquake occurred on December 26, 2004 was an undersea earthquake originated in the Indian Ocean off the western coast Indonesia and generated tsunamis that were among the worst disasters ...

  • Properties and Behavior of Halogenated SVOCs

    An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is halogenated or nonhalogenated. A halogenated compound is one onto which a halogen ion(e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) has been attached. The nature of the halogen bond and the halogen itself can significantly affect performance of a technology or require more extensive treatment than for nonhalogenated ...

  • Compost Markets Grow With Environmental Applications

    The use of compost in various environmental applications is one of the most intensive areas of compost research being pursued today. The high organic matter content and biological activity of compost makes it effective for use in a variety of applications. Five of these will be reviewed in this article: erosion control, revegetation, biofiltration, bioremediation, and wetlands construction. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Waste Disposal

    Introduction The final step in the waste management process is waste disposal, the permanent isolation of waste. Some wastes can be managed and disposed safely with existing facilities and proven methods. Other Department of Energy (DOE) wastes require more complex disposal facilities. DOE has conducted extensive research into alternative waste disposal methods and has concluded that deep ...

  • Recycled Water saves California Farms

    After studies show no viable microorganisms in tertiary treated wastewater, growers in Salinas Valley now get two-thirds of their agricultural water needs from recycled sources. RECYCLED water is saving the farm for approximately 75 growers in the Salinas Valley along California’s Central Coast. Because their wells were becoming contaminated with seawater, these growers began irrigating their ...


  • Oil and Gas Development - Onshore Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Open Burn/Open Detonation

    Introduction: Open burn (OB) and open detonation (OD) operations are conducted to destroy excess, obsolete, or unserviceable (EOU) munitions and energetic materials. In OB operations, energetics or munitions are destroyed by self-sustained combustion, which is ignited by an external source, such as flame, heat, or a detonation wave. In this case, an auxilliary fuel may be added to initiate and ...

  • Sludge Disposal that’s Sustainable, Safe and Economically Viable

    The Kemwater Recycling Process – KREPRO for treatment of sewage sludge is based on a completely new separation technology, which uses existing knowledge in an innovative way. It reduces both the organic and inorganic content of the sludge. The organic content is re-duced by about 30% and the inorganic about 70% if digested sludge is treated. All metals and salts are dissolved; the remaining ...


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