salt water monitoring Articles

  • The Basics of Evapotranspiration

    Evapotranspiration (ET) represents the loss of water from the Earth’s surface from the combination of direct evaporation and plant transpiration. ET is usually expressed as a rate such as inches per day. Knowledge of ET is important for irrigation scheduling but it is also an important factor for other land use applications such as septic tank drain fields, watershed level budgeting, and ...

  • How can I measure Salt in food?

    Sodium is a mineral required by the body for normal functions, but excessive intake can cause high blood pressure and hypertension. This has lead governments and regulatory bodies to focus on monitoring the levels of salt in foods in order to reduce the risk of these health affects. Canned foods are of particular concern as these often contain relatively high levels of salt. ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Validation of Salt Water Disposal Well Treatment Plants with Handheld Oil in Water Sample Analyzer

    Salt Water Disposal (SWD) well operators often dispose a substantial volume of oil inadvertently when injecting salt water, thereby losing the opportunity to sell the oil on the market and potentially reducing the ability to inject water in the well. Injection facilities are typically operated with minimal instrumentation or system optimization, which means the operators don't know how much, or ...

  • Reduction of Chemicals and Salt in Dyeing Processes: Australian Dyeing Company

     The Australian Dyeing Company has overcome both competition from imports and the recession by adopting cleaner production methods. An investment of $500,000 was paid back in only two years, largely through reduced production costs associated with energy usage and chemicals consumption. The company was also able to increase its market share by marketing its Smart Cotton Colours process as an ...


  • Synergistic effects of inorganic salt and surfactant on phenanthrene removal from aqueous solution by sediment

    The economic and effective application of surfactant enhanced remediation (SER) technology in a sediment-freshwater/saline water system was investigated by batch method using the combined effects of inorganic salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) and anionic surfactant (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS)) on phenanthrene (PHE) removal via sorption by sediment. In all cases, PHE sorption followed a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • A new monitoring method of CRVI in water using boron-doped diamond microelectrodes

    Boron doped diamond electrodes were used for the amperometric measurement of chromiumVI in water. A linear relationship of the current density as a function of the chromiumVI concentration was observed for concentrations comprised between 50 ppb and 4 ppm. Such results are particularly promising for the monitoring of chromiumVI in liquid effluents or process baths of several industries (stainless ...


  • The importance of groundwater monitoring

    Groundwater monitoring is an essential element in any environmental information system. Based upon validated groundwater monitoring data, information is derived on which decisions can be made. Constant monitoring provides the necessary data input for your smart environment and is basically the basis of the decision making process concerning spatial planning and climate change adaptation. As in ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Real-Time Membrane Fouling Monitoring

    The Port Hueneme Water Agency (PHWA) has been operating a municipal drinking water treatment plant designed to be a Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility. The facility consists of 3 separate side-by-side full scale systems or trains, each representing a major membrane separation process: nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO) and electro dialysis reversal (EDR). Both the NF and RO ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • The Desolenator – Turning sunshine into water

    As resources go, water is probably the most vital resource we have in the whole world. Unfortunately, one of the most prominent problems in the world is that not everyone has access to it. This is where the team behind the Desolenator are hoping to make an impact, by turning sunshine into fresh, clean drinking water. The Desolenator is the first easy to use, low cost, ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Salinity monitoring in western Australia using remotely sensed and other spatial data

    Received for publication January 27, 2009. The southwest of Western Australia is affected by dryland salinity that results in the loss of previously productive agricultural land, damage to buildings, roads, and other infrastructure, decline in pockets of remnant vegetation and biodiversity, and reduction in water quality. Accurate information on the location and rate of change of the extent of ...

  • San Juan Island well production and tank level monitoring case study

    San Juan Island is a popular resort destination whose population fluctuates with the season and the arrival of Orca whales and salmon runs. To get to the island, you must first drive an hour north of Seattle to the city of Anacortes. From there you take a two-hour ferry ride through a 130 island group to arrive at the 20 mile San Juan Island, which is at the waterway entrance to Puget Sound. Bob ...


    By Mission Communications, LLC

  • What are the main indicators of water quality?

    “Water is the driving force of all nature;” so said Leonardo da Vinci. The survival of our planet depends on the availability of water and the condition that it is in. It is therefore vital to make sure that it is able to provide a hospitable environment for those that live in it, and is free from harmful levels of substances for those that drink it. Not ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • The Benefits of Biological Treatment for Drinking Water

    The biological treatment of drinking water is undertaken using both organic and inorganic contaminants, and can be used to treat groundwater and surface water. These contaminants, contrary to what the name implies, are applied to strip away the factors that make the water unsafe for drinking until it is potable—meaning drinkable. If you would like to learn more about the benefits of ...

  • Recycled Water saves California Farms

    After studies show no viable microorganisms in tertiary treated wastewater, growers in Salinas Valley now get two-thirds of their agricultural water needs from recycled sources. RECYCLED water is saving the farm for approximately 75 growers in the Salinas Valley along California’s Central Coast. Because their wells were becoming contaminated with seawater, these growers began irrigating their ...


  • On line analysis of organic in water case study

    Introduction On line chemical analysis has been developed significantly thanks to digital electronics' use of microprocessors together with the application of sophisticated and accurate analytical techniques. The result of this combination is readily available technology which allows for on line performance of almost any analytical determination for quality control which is ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


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