sampling system Articles

  • Application note issue #5 - Cement Analysis August 2017

    Cement analysis using FP program (Fundamental Parameters) Cement is a blend of several minerals. It is critical to control the elemental composition and properties such as strength, setting, time and color. ED-XRF is being used to analyze the raw components, raw meal, clinker, and the final cement product (Na, Mg, Al, ...


    By Xenemetrix Ltd.

  • TKN/Ammonia in Water & Wastewater by Steam Distillation

    The determination of total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) in water and waste water is a routine procedure used to ensure water quality. A simple and fast procedure for TKN determination as described in ISO 5663-1984, EPA 351.3, and AOAC 973.48 regulations, is introduced below. The sample is digested with sulfuric acid using the SpeedDigester K-436 or K-439, followed by distillation and titration with ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • United States Coast Guard (USCG) Implements Handheld Technology for Onboard Oil Testing in New Cutters - Case Study

    With a motto of “Always Ready,” the United States Coast Guard (USCG) has 11 missions specified by law including drug and migrant interdiction; ports, waterways and coastal security; fishery patrols; search and rescue; and national defense. The USCG’s newest ships include 22 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs) which recently entered service, and 36 more are currently on order. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Quality assurance and Quality control technical note

    Introduction For almost 50 years HYDROLAB products have provided dependable sensor technology in a multiple parameter instrument for montioring essential indicators required for assessing water quality in natural waters. Useable data are the lifeblood of any environmental water quality monitoring program and variation in measurement processes impairs the quality of the data that water ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Automated Consignment Sampling Systems

    Introduction The following is a case study where consignment sampling has been implemented at a UK coal fired power station. Bias-Free Sampling The production of consistent and repeatable ‘bias-free’ samples is not possible but all international sampling standards give precise limits within which systems can be considered as being ...


    By Eriez Magnetics Europe Ltd

  • Use of Diaphragm pumps in Sampling systems

    INTRODUCTION Sample system design can take many forms, influenced by factors including cost, size, maintenance, source conditions, and analyzer requirements – to mention a few. The following discussion takes into account the operating characteristics of a diaphragm pump, and choices that will improve system performance, reduce measurement errors, and lower pump maintenance. Illustrated below are ...


    By Air Dimensions Inc

  • Technical Bulletin: Multilevel Sampling

    The topic of this CL:AIRE Technical Bulletin is multilevel sampling systems for characterising contaminated groundwater. Contaminated groundwater can present considerable problems for landowners: it can occur at significant depth, sources of the contamination are not often obvious, it can migrate from one property to another, and groundwater flow directions can be altered due to seasonal ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Area Monitoring: Diffusion Sampling

    Indoor and outdoor gas hazards that exist in open areas are usually monitored using diffusion-type sensors. A diffusion sensor has no active sample-drawing system; diffusion sensors rely on the ambient air movement and pressure to deliver the sample to the sensing element. Diffusion-type sensors are a reliable and cost-effective way to monitor open area gas hazards. When installing diffusion ...

  • Decontaminating Groundwater Sampling Devices

    These studies are the second part of a two year project that examines decontaminating groundwater sampling devices. In the first year, the efficiency of various decontamination protocols was tested using small test pieces of materials that are commonly used in groundwater sampling devices. Those tests showed that a hot detergent wash and rinse followed by hot air drying (105°C) was the most ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Setting the standards for headspace sampling by PID

    The responsiveness of PIDs to virtually all VOCs has seen them become the accepted tool for initial site entry assessment, ensuring optimal detection of unknown and often toxic or hazardous chemicals found at hazardous waste sites and chemical emergencies. The speed and accuracy of modern PID equipment means that many worker and community safety concerns during initial and ongoing operations can ...


    By Ion Science

  • Ground Water Sampling for Metal Analyses

    The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water scientists, representing EPA’s Regional Superfund Offices, organized to exchange up-to-date information related to ground-water remediation at Superfund sites. Filtration of ground-water samples for metals analysis is an issue identified by the Forum as a concern of Superfund decisionmakers. Inconsistency in EPA Superfund ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Sample extraction kit user’s guide

    Intended Use This extraction kit is for use with the appropriate immunoassay test kit. Each Sample Extraction kit contains the materials necessary to process twelve (12) soil or wipe samples. Test Principles The reagents contained in the Sample Extraction kit have been optimized for fast, efficient removal of compounds from soil or surfaces and convenient ...


  • Ground Water Sampling - A Workshop Summary

    Monitoring purposes have evolved in the past decade reflecting an increasing emphasis on assessment and remedial action performance over detection monitoring. The recognition of many potential contamination sources as well as the regulatory inclusion of a large number of sites in need of investigation have spurred this evolution in practice. New more efficient methods and tools for ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Sample System Best Practices for Water and Hydrocarbon DP Applications

    Abstract Sampling techniques for BTU and moisture measurements are well understood but applications beyond the routine requires additional attention to detail. Two such applications are the subject of this paper. The first is the measurement of low level moisture (1 – 1,000 ppbv) for cryogenic processes. Measuring moisture below 1 ppm is an entirely different world from the traditional ...

  • Extracting PCDD/F from Soil and Grass Samples

    We are presenting the use of BÜCHI's Extraction Unit B-811 for isolating polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) from solid environmental samples (soil, grass) under standard conditions and by means of hot extraction. The extracts received will be further processed by means of an internationally recognized method and analyzed with high-resolution GC/MS in the single-ion ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Hitting the Bull`s-Eye in Groundwater Sampling

    Many commonly used groundwater sampling techniques and procedures have resulted from methods developed for water supply investigations. These methods have persisted, even though the monitoring goals may have changed from water supply development to contaminant source and plume delineation. Unfortunately, the use of these methods can result in an incorrect understanding of the contaminant ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • 30-minute amino acid analysis of hydrolyzed samples

    Pickering Laboratories specializes in the manufacturing of cation-exchange columns and eluants for amino acid analysis. No other tech¬nique has been shown to match the reproducibility and selectivity of ion-exchange analysis with post-column Ninhydrin detection. Nor is there a chromatography technique that provides as much information; the 570/440 nm signal ratio for each amino acid is a ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

  • 70-min amino acid analysis of physiological samples

    Pickering Laboratories specializes in the manufacturing of cation-exchange columns and eluants for amino acid analysis. Post-column derivatization with Ninhydrin offers unmatched selectivity and reproducibility of the analysis for most challenging matrixes. Pinnacle PCX post-column derivatization system allows analysts to combine eluant gradient capabilities of modern HPLC instruments with column ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

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