scale fouling Articles

  • Controlling Scale Deposition and Industrial Fouling

    It costs US industry billions of dollars a year to control and remove the limescale that builds up in industrial equipment such a heat exchangers, evaporative coolers, boilers, chillers and other water fed equipment. Oil wells, for example, face significant scaling problems from the highly mineralized water that are extracted with the oil. Limescale not only increases downtime, maintenance ...

  • Innovations in the inhibition of reverse osmosis membrane scaling and fouling

    Abstract: Scaling and fouling of membranes is an on-going performance issue for most plants. There are continual improvements in membrane technology and plant design which increase efficiency, water quality and utilise different raw water supplies to produce clean pure water. This presentation outlines innovations in laboratory services and speciality chemicals designed to inhibit membrane ...

  • Evaluation of a bench-scale membrane fouling protocol to determine fouling propensities of membranes during full-scale water reuse applications

    There is increasing interest in recycling wastewater effluents for augmentation of existing water supplies. The treatment of wastewater effluents by an integrated membrane system, such as microfiltration pre-treatment followed by reverse osmosis, is the industry standard for groundwater recharge or reservoir augmentation projects. Membrane fouling, especially effluent organic matter fouling, is a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovations in the inhibition and cleaning of reverse osmosis mebrane scaling and fouling - Case Study

    Abstract: Scaling and fouling of membranes are an on-going performance issue for most plants This presentation outlines innovations in speciality chemicals designed to inhibit membrane scaling and fouling and to clean membranes where deposition has occurred. High phosphate waste water reuse RO plant – There is an increasing trend to treat recycled waste water and use ...

  • Software warns of early membrane fouling

    A software system known as MASAR – Membrane Alarm System and Automated Reporter, is proving to be a valuable tool for monitoring and optimizing membrane – based water purification and desalination plants. It can detect the early development of membrane fouling/scaling in RO, NF, UF and MF systems by monitoring performance and measuring an early-warning parameter called the Fouling ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Seven Ways Your Facility Isn’t Meeting Effluent Regulations and How to Solve Them

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business, especially when it comes to meeting effluent regulations. This is an important part of the wastewater treatment process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Industrial cooling water fouling by Dreissenidae

    Together with the cooling water, a wide range of living organisms is entrained into cooling water systems, which can readily colonise the available surfaces in the system. Growth conditions in the cooling water system often are ideal for sessile organisms: the steady water flow assures abundance of nutrients and oxygen, while access for predators is limited. The consequence of this is that ...


    By Aquator B.V.

  • Real-Time Membrane Fouling Monitoring

    The Port Hueneme Water Agency (PHWA) has been operating a municipal drinking water treatment plant designed to be a Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility. The facility consists of 3 separate side-by-side full scale systems or trains, each representing a major membrane separation process: nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO) and electro dialysis reversal (EDR). Both the NF and RO ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Cooling Systems: Increased Costs from Mineral Scaling and Biological Fouling - Case Study

    Mineral scaling and biological fouling are two of the most common problems associated with watercooled systems, and the costs from these issues can be enormous. By understanding how these issues affect cooling water systems, and their associated cost drivers, facility managers can make informed decisions on proper scale and biological fouling control. Scale Definition ...


    By Innovas Technologies LLC

  • Short- and long-term fouling characteristics of reverse osmosis membrane at full scale leachate treatment plant

    This research is focused on characterizing the foulants on a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane taken from a full-scale leachate treatment plant in Thailand. The system consists of a physico-chemical pre-treatment unit and RO system and has been in operation for 2 years. Ferric chloride (FeCl3) was added to the open-jet sedimentation tank at 2.0–2.5 g/l dosage for chemical coagulation. The supernatant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coagulation optimization for DOC removal: pilot-scale analysis of UF fouling and disinfection byproduct formation potential

    A pilot-scale study was performed to evaluate a coagulant dose which had been optimized for biopolymer (i.e., foulant) removal on subsequent ultrafiltration (UF) fouling, as well as disinfection by-product (DBP) precursor removal. Polyaluminum chloride (PACl) dosages were selected based on a point of diminishing returns for biopolymer removal (0.5 mg/L) and directly compared to that applied at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot-scale anaerobic submerged membrane bioreactor (AnSMBR) treating municipal wastewater: the fouling phenomenon and long-term operation

    An anaerobic submerged membrane bioreactor (AnSMBR) on pilot-scale treating a mixture composed of municipal wastewater and glucose under mesophilic temperature conditions was operated for 206 days. The performance of the AnSMBR was evaluated at different fluxes, biomass concentrations and gas sparging velocities (GSV). GSV was used to control fouling. In addition, the AnSMBR was operated in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nanofiltration for the removal of algal metabolites and the effects of fouling

    Nanofiltration (NF) has been shown to be an effective way of removing organic micropollutants from drinking water due to its size exclusion properties. A rapid bench scale membrane test unit was utilised to trial six NF membranes to remove the algal metabolites, microcystin, cylindrospermopsin, 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) and geosmin (GSM). Membrane fouling due to the algal metabolites was observed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Proteins causing membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors

    In this study, the details of proteins causing membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) treating real municipal wastewater were investigated. Two separate pilot-scale MBRs were continuously operated under significantly different operating conditions; one MBR was a submerged type whereas the other was a side-stream type. The submerged and side-stream MBRs were operated for 20 and 10 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Predictability of fouling-potential of raw water for ultrafiltration membranes

    The public drinking water supply of southern Germany is characterized by a rather decentralized network. Due to the hydrogeological setting in these parts of Germany many of the small water works with an average capacity of 50 m3/h have to treat raw water extracted from karstic or cliffy aquifers. These raw waters tend to be contaminated with particles and pathogens acquired during snowmelt or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Neosens™ on-line Fouling monitoring for Cooling Towers

    A New Approach to Fouling Control Neosens offers innovative, cost effective sensor solutions for monitoring the presence of biofilm and scale in cooling towers, heat exchangers and other industrial process applications. Fouling in cooling systems is a worldwide, multi-billion dollar problem, reducing energy efficiency, increasing maintenance costs and creating health risks due to ...


  • Electronic Water Treatment Reduces Fouling In Reverse Osmosis

    Reverse Osmosis (RO) is used in processes requiring high-quality, purified water, such in semi-conductor processing or biochemical applications and can be used to treat boiler feed water, industrial wastewater or process water. A water purification technique, it reduces the quantity of dissolved solids in solution. RO uses waterline pressure together with energy consuming pressurizing pumps that ...

  • Control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis

    High levels of iron and manganese, along with large quantities of dissolved gases in the wells created concern for the viability of a conventional desalination design for the proposed City of Camarillo groundwater desalination facility. To identify viable pre-treatment process(es) for the control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis, a 12-month pilot study was undertaken. The pilot study ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Evaluating impact of fouling on reverse osmosis membranes performance

    Abstract Membrane fouling is commonly defined as an undesirable formation of deposits on mem- brane surfaces and it is considered a major problem in most brackish, seawater, and waste water reclamation applications. Depending on nature of the scale and foulant, fouling pro- cesses will lead to decreased membrane fluxes, increased pressures needs, and/or increased permeate conductivity. ...

  • ELECTRONIC WATER TREATMENT REDUCES FOULING AND CORROSION IN PIPELINES

    Increasing pressure loss in the pipeline is often caused by scale corrosion or product fouling of the internal surfaces. This condition slows transmission and distribution capacity, and can require more than just routine maintenance if it remains unaddressed. Interior corrosion, fouling and leakage in pipeline systems will adversely impact bottom-line operations. ...

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