scale monitoring Articles

  • Treatment and Disposal of Air Pollution Control Residue

    What is APCr? Thermal waste management using Energy Recovery Facilities (ERFs) is now a well-managed and mature technology that is subject to environmental monitoring by a range of competent international bodies. These ERFs have been established as a means of diverting waste away from landfill disposal and for valorising the material and energy content of the waste. Counter to historic ...

  • Groundwater Monitoring Plans at small-scale sites--an innovative spatial and temporal methodology

    An innovative methodology for improving existing groundwater monitoring plans at small-scale sites is presented. The methodology consists of three stand-alone methods: a spatial redundancy reduction method, a well-siting method for adding new sampling locations, and a sampling frequency determination method. The spatial redundancy reduction method eliminates redundant wells through an ...


  • Perspectives on drinking water monitoring for small scale water systems

    Drinking water (DW) is increasingly subject to environmental and human threats that alter the quality of the resource and potentially of the distributed water. These threats can be both biological and chemical in nature, and are often cumulated. The increase of technical frame of water quality monitoring following the evolution of water quality standards guarantee the regulation compliance in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A novel approach for designing large-scale river temperature monitoring networks

    Water temperature is an important control on processes in aquatic systems and particularly for freshwater fish, affecting growth, survival and demographic characteristics. In recognition of this importance, the Scottish Government has prioritised developing a robust national river temperature monitoring network. Advances in geographical information systems, spatial statistics and field data ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ADMS–Urban: developments in modelling dispersion from the city scale to the local scale

    Many countries perform national air quality assessments using grid–based numerical air dispersion models, generally referred to as 'regional' models. Advantages of these models include the ability to use temporally and spatially varying meteorology and model chemical reactions over large temporal and spatial scales. These models usually perform reasonably well against rural and urban background ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring the variations of the oxygen transfer rate in a full scale membrane bioreactor using daily mass balances

    Oxygen transfer in biological wastewater treatment processes with high sludge concentration, such as membrane bioreactor (MBR), is an important issue. The variation of α-factor versus mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentration was investigated in a full scale MBR plant under process conditions, using mass balances. Exhaustive data from the Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Regional-scale monitoring of coastal contamination. Nutrients and heavy metals in estuarine sediments and organisms on the coast of Galicia (northwest Spain)

    We determined background levels of heavy metals in sediments and biota of estuarine environments and nutrient reference levels in sediments of the Galician coast. This region is characterised by having ria-type estuaries. The determination of these levels, which were affected by the geological heterogeneity of the area, was the basis that let us evaluate the contamination status of this coast. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring the oxygen transfer efficiency of full-scale aeration systems: investigation method and experimental results

    This paper reports the results of a series of off-gas tests aimed at monitoring the evolution of the oxygen transfer efficiency in an urban wastewater treatment plant (3,500 population equivalent) located in Tuscany (Italy). The tests were conducted over a 2-year period starting with the testing of the aeration system. It was found that in the absence of membrane-panel cleaning operations, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Field scale longitudinal dispersivities estimation in a karstic aquifer

    To simulate contaminant advective transport it is required to provide dispersivity values to the models, values that are unknown in many cases. In this paper a methodology is presented to estimate longitudinal dispersivities at field scale, based on the monitoring of groundwater quality at an unconfined aquifer that is below a waste disposal site with no liners for groundwater protection, and by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why are waste operations installing on-board scales?

    Given the rising cost of operating waste collection vehicles, it is becoming more important to evaluate the use of on-board weighing systems to reduce operating costs, meet new safety standards and improve fleet efficiency. Electronic on-board scales are not new. They were introduced more than 30 years ago into trucking applications where monitoring gross vehicle or payload weight was ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • The Benefit of Probabilistic Flood Forecasting on European Scale

    The European Flood Alert System (EFAS) is a research project that aims at improving preparedness for oncoming flood events by: • informing the authorities in the Member States of the possibility of a flood to happen before the local systems capture the event with their own monitoring and forecasting systems; • providing catchment based information that gives downstream authorities an overview of ...


  • Assessment of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Environmental Pressure at European Scale

    In surface water bodies, the increase in nutrient concentration above the natural background levels enhances the productivity, causing the phenomenon of eutrophication (Nixon, 1995). The euthrophication has been identified as a major cause of impaired water quality of rivers, lakes and estuaries (EEA, 2001; EEA, 1999; Carpenter et al. 1998; Meybeck, 1982). Agriculture is considered the main ...


  • Eco-friendly Scalewatcher tackles scale in school building

    A school in Texas is benefiting from reduced salt and chemical usage following the installation of the computerized, electronic, water-conditioner Scalewatcher® from Scalewatcher North America.  The Scalewatcher system has proved so successful that the school authorities are proposing to install units in every building which will save the school authority thousands of dollars a year in ...

  • Virus removal retention challenge tests performed at lab scale and pilot scale during operation of membrane units

    The determination of the virus retention capabilities of UF units during operation is essential for the operators of drinking water treatment facilities in order to guarantee an efficient and stable removal of viruses through time. In previous studies, an effective method (MS2-phage challenge tests) was developed by the Water Research Center of Veolia Environnement for the measurement of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On Large-Scale Model Testing of Laterally Loaded Drilled Shafts in Sand

    An extensive large-scale laboratory model testing program was developed to assess the behavior of drilled shafts under lateral and moment loading. Because of the large scale of the testing, little information was available in the literature on sand deposit and test preparation or on test conduct and monitoring. In this paper, guidance is presented on these preparation and testing issues, and ...


    By ASTM International

  • QIC-Biostream - exhaust gas analysis of small scale fermenters

    Summary The application of the Hiden QIC-Biostream gas analysis system is to monitor the off-gas and vapours from up to 80 small scale fermenters for yield optimisation and process screening. Introduction Biotechnology is an extremely important area for the 21st century and information relating to yield of a product is crucial to most Biotech ...


    By Hiden Analytical

  • Chemical reactions at street scale using a Lagrangian particle dispersion model

    In the context of the FEDER AIRCITY project, Paris City is modelled with a 3 m resolution with the purpose of computing pollutant concentration relevant for human exposition. This project involves AIRPARIF (Ile-de-France Air Quality Monitoring Network), for emission and immission data, CEA (French Atomic and Alternative Energy Agency) for HPC availability, National Geographic Institute (IGN) for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Successful Pilot Test Results in Full-Scale Treatment of Large BTEX Plume

    CASE SUMMARYRefueling Station – Algonquin, IL Leaking underground storage tanks at a refueling station resulted in a benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) plume in the underlying sand/gravel aquifer. The plume covered 1-acre and extended 390 feet downgradient from the source area, with a total BTEX concentration exceeding 24,000 parts per billion (ppb). In an ...


    By REGENESIS

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