scale treatment Articles

  • How Do You Choose the Best Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane System for an Industrial Facility?

    As global demands for clean water increase, more and more industrial facilities are looking toward membrane filtration solutions, such as reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF), to help manage intake, process, and waste water treatment. Using membrane filtration can help your facility reuse wastewater and virtually eliminate discharge fees, and depending on the industry or required use, it ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Scale-up of the MIEX® DOC Process for Full Scale Water Treatment Plants

    The MIEX® DOC Process is a new process developed by Orica Watercare, South Australian Water Corporation and the CSIRO for the removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from drinking water. Results from scale up of the process to a 170m3/day pilot plant have been reported previously (Nguyen, 1997). The process has now been successfully scaled up and trialed on a 1000m3/day pilot plant located at ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Large scale diamond electrodes for industrial water treatment

    The DiaCell® technology, based on boron-doped diamond films on Silicon substrate (BDD/Si), is a new candidate in the electrochemical water treatment market. Water disinfection and also wastewater treatment and recycling are the main targeted applications [1]. While most of the private applications such as pool water disinfection [2] require electrode surfaces in the range of 0.1 m2 per unit, the ...


  • Energy Recovery in Urban Wastewater Treatment on Global Scale

    ABSTRACT The lack of proper wastewater treatment results in production of CO2 and CH4 without the opportunity for carbon sequestration and energy recovery, with deleterious effects for global warming. Without extending wastewater treatment to all urban areas worldwide, CO2 and CH4 emissions associated with wastewater discharges could reach the equivalent of 3.13·105 tCO2·d-1 in 2025, with ...

  • Pilot-scale studies on the treatment of tannery effluents by electroflotation

    A pilot-scale electroflotation system with a treatment capacity of 0.8 m³ per hour has been designed and built. The system is equipped with a conditioning tank, a rectifier, flow meters, an energy meter and pumps. Iron, aluminium and titanium coated with oxides of tantalum, ruthenium and iridium were used as electrodes. The system was installed within the premises of the Common Effluent Treatment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic treatment of food waste in pilot scale

    For this work, a pilot scale anaerobic digester was used to assess the treatability of food waste from a canteen. The digester was operated for 720 days, and its efficiency in removing organic matter and suspended solids as well as producing biogas were assessed. At the beginning of operation, the digester failed and alkalinity buffering was required until stabilization. A maximum chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A pilot scale electrolytic unit for tertiary treatment of industrial effluents

    Over the past few years, academic research has focused on the development of new treatment technologies for municipal and industrial wastewater that will be suitable for reuse. In this study, an electrolytic pilot scale unit has been manufactured for the tertiary treatment of biologically processed wastewater aiming at its reuse for groundwater recharge or for agricultural purposes. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of Polluted River Water Using Pilot-Scale Constructed Wetlands

    From 1970S TO 1980S, the Constructed Wetland (CW) technique has already been rapidly developed and widely applied in more than 10 countries, such as USA, Australia and countries, such as USA, Australia and countrien in Europe (Amelia, 2000; Brown, et al. 1994; Haberl, et al., 1995). Nowadays, there have been about 5000 CWs technics have substituted for the traditional secondary or advanced ...


    By Springer

  • Review of cost versus scale: water and wastewater treatment and reuse processes

    The US National Research Council recently recommended direct potable water reuse (DPR), or potable water reuse without environmental buffer, for consideration to address US water demand. However, conveyance of wastewater and water to and from centralized treatment plants consumes on average four times the energy of treatment in the USA, and centralized DPR would further require upgradient ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot-scale compost media biofilter treatment of volatile organic compounds

    The compost media biofilter is one of the most important biological processes applied to treat waste gases. Research on a pilot-scale compost media biofilter treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was performed. The volume of biofilter media was 4.3 m3 and the biofilter operated for 57 days. Fluctuation of water content in the biofilter media was investigated. With continuous switching of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Direct observations of membrane scale in membrane bioreactor for wastewater treatment application

    The formation of inorganic fouling on MF membrane was investigated in membrane bioreactor (MBR) treating industrial wastewater. Membrane autopsy works using microscopic techniques and surface analysis were carried out at the completion of pilot-scale operation to analyze foulant materials extensively. Scaling occurred on the membrane surface significantly in the MBR treating calcium-rich ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Scale removal - Case Study

    Water Cooling Towers Operate at Better Efficiency and Lower Maintenance Costs with KDF Water Filter Media "As Seen in Water Quality Products" At TowerKlean™ LLC... KDF Water Filter Media Help with Scale, Algae, Chlorine and Heavy Metal Removal from Water Scale... it's a vicious never-ending problem that can kill the overall efficiency of water-cooling systems or ...


    By KDF Fluid Treatment, Inc.

  • Small-Scale Biosolids Composting

    Cambridge, Ohio retrofitted a portion of its vacuum assisted drying beds into a covered composting facility, processing about 300 dry tons/year of biosolids and wood chips. Like many small communities in an agricultural area, the City of Cambridge, Ohio (pop. 14,000) managed biosolids generated by its 2.25 mgd Water Pollution Control Center (WPCC) via land application on farm fields. “Then ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Successful Pilot Test Results in Full-Scale Treatment of Large BTEX Plume

    CASE SUMMARYRefueling Station – Algonquin, IL Leaking underground storage tanks at a refueling station resulted in a benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) plume in the underlying sand/gravel aquifer. The plume covered 1-acre and extended 390 feet downgradient from the source area, with a total BTEX concentration exceeding 24,000 parts per billion (ppb). In an ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Treatment of Sludge Return Liquors: Experiences from the Operation of Full-Scale Plants

    ABSTRACTMore stringent effluent criteria with regard to nitrogen call for improved nutrient removal techniques in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Besides optimisation of the liquid treatment train of the plants, over the last years, attention has increasinly centred on the problem of return flows from sludge treatment. Depending on sludge handling and treatment, some 15 to 25 % of the ...

  • Performance and Economics of Large Scale UASB Sewage Treatment Plants

    This article evaluates the performance of 10 large scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) sewage treatment plants (STP), located in Brazil (7), India (2) and the Middle East (1). In general the performance of the UASB plants located in Brazil was excellent with COD removal rates ranging between 50 and 77%. In comparison the performance of the two plants located in India was poor with COD ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of winery wastewater in a full-scale fixed bed biofilm reactor

    ABSTRACTThe treatment of winery wastewater was performed at full-scale applying a two-stage fixed bed biofilm reactor (FBBR) system for the discharge in the sewerage. The results of the first year of operation at the full-scale plant are presented. Values of removed organic loads and effluent concentrations were interpreted on the basis of the COD fractionation of influent wastewater assessed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Photoelectrocatalytic study and scaling up of titanium dioxide electrodes for wastewater treatment

    Different TiO2 photoelectrodes have been characterized and tested for the photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of methanol. Particulate electrodes (TiO2/Ti and TiO2/ITO) have been shown to notably favour charge-carrier transfer at the electrolyte interface while a thermal electrode (Ti) has been shown to favour charge-carrier separation when applying an electric potential bias ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of oxygen deprivation on treatment processes in a full-scale drinking water biofilter

    Dissolved oxygen is critical for proper operation of waterworks that utilize anaerobic groundwater and rely on biofilters to remove iron, manganese and ammonium. In these biofilters, planned or inadvertent oxygen deprivation may occur for a variety of reasons. The water quality effects of oxygen deprivation on the function of drinking water biofilters, however, have not previously been reported. ...


    By IWA Publishing

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