scale treatment Articles

  • Scale-up of the MIEX® DOC Process for Full Scale Water Treatment Plants

    The MIEX® DOC Process is a new process developed by Orica Watercare, South Australian Water Corporation and the CSIRO for the removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from drinking water. Results from scale up of the process to a 170m3/day pilot plant have been reported previously (Nguyen, 1997). The process has now been successfully scaled up and trialed on a 1000m3/day pilot plant located at ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Large scale diamond electrodes for industrial water treatment

    The DiaCell® technology, based on boron-doped diamond films on Silicon substrate (BDD/Si), is a new candidate in the electrochemical water treatment market. Water disinfection and also wastewater treatment and recycling are the main targeted applications [1]. While most of the private applications such as pool water disinfection [2] require electrode surfaces in the range of 0.1 m2 per unit, the ...


  • Anaerobic treatment of food waste in pilot scale

    For this work, a pilot scale anaerobic digester was used to assess the treatability of food waste from a canteen. The digester was operated for 720 days, and its efficiency in removing organic matter and suspended solids as well as producing biogas were assessed. At the beginning of operation, the digester failed and alkalinity buffering was required until stabilization. A maximum chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy Recovery in Urban Wastewater Treatment on Global Scale

    ABSTRACT The lack of proper wastewater treatment results in production of CO2 and CH4 without the opportunity for carbon sequestration and energy recovery, with deleterious effects for global warming. Without extending wastewater treatment to all urban areas worldwide, CO2 and CH4 emissions associated with wastewater discharges could reach the equivalent of 3.13·105 tCO2·d-1 in 2025, with ...

  • Pilot-scale studies on the treatment of tannery effluents by electroflotation

    A pilot-scale electroflotation system with a treatment capacity of 0.8 m³ per hour has been designed and built. The system is equipped with a conditioning tank, a rectifier, flow meters, an energy meter and pumps. Iron, aluminium and titanium coated with oxides of tantalum, ruthenium and iridium were used as electrodes. The system was installed within the premises of the Common Effluent Treatment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Successful Pilot Test Results in Full-Scale Treatment of Large BTEX Plume

    CASE SUMMARYRefueling Station – Algonquin, IL Leaking underground storage tanks at a refueling station resulted in a benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) plume in the underlying sand/gravel aquifer. The plume covered 1-acre and extended 390 feet downgradient from the source area, with a total BTEX concentration exceeding 24,000 parts per billion (ppb). In an ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Effect of oxygen deprivation on treatment processes in a full-scale drinking water biofilter

    Dissolved oxygen is critical for proper operation of waterworks that utilize anaerobic groundwater and rely on biofilters to remove iron, manganese and ammonium. In these biofilters, planned or inadvertent oxygen deprivation may occur for a variety of reasons. The water quality effects of oxygen deprivation on the function of drinking water biofilters, however, have not previously been reported. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of Sludge Return Liquors: Experiences from the Operation of Full-Scale Plants

    ABSTRACTMore stringent effluent criteria with regard to nitrogen call for improved nutrient removal techniques in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Besides optimisation of the liquid treatment train of the plants, over the last years, attention has increasinly centred on the problem of return flows from sludge treatment. Depending on sludge handling and treatment, some 15 to 25 % of the ...

  • Performance and Economics of Large Scale UASB Sewage Treatment Plants

    This article evaluates the performance of 10 large scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) sewage treatment plants (STP), located in Brazil (7), India (2) and the Middle East (1). In general the performance of the UASB plants located in Brazil was excellent with COD removal rates ranging between 50 and 77%. In comparison the performance of the two plants located in India was poor with COD ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of winery wastewater in a full-scale fixed bed biofilm reactor

    ABSTRACTThe treatment of winery wastewater was performed at full-scale applying a two-stage fixed bed biofilm reactor (FBBR) system for the discharge in the sewerage. The results of the first year of operation at the full-scale plant are presented. Values of removed organic loads and effluent concentrations were interpreted on the basis of the COD fractionation of influent wastewater assessed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full scale municipal implementations of the Agar IFAS process for municipal wastewater treatment

    Wastewater treatment plant retrofits worldwide are motivated by two main developments: a. Changes in effluent quality regulations, either to more stringent BOD/TSS requirements, or to include nutrient (N and P) removal b. Increase in flows to existing plants, due to either population growth or to expansion of sewerage systems One process capable of giving a cost-effective solution for these two ...

  • Photoelectrocatalytic study and scaling up of titanium dioxide electrodes for wastewater treatment

    Different TiO2 photoelectrodes have been characterized and tested for the photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of methanol. Particulate electrodes (TiO2/Ti and TiO2/ITO) have been shown to notably favour charge-carrier transfer at the electrolyte interface while a thermal electrode (Ti) has been shown to favour charge-carrier separation when applying an electric potential bias ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full-scale SVE system operates in tandem with groundwater treatment

    Since 1993, SVE has been implemented using two designs at the TP Industrial, Inc. (TPI) site in Gardena, CA, to treat soil contaminated with chlorinated solvents. The SVE system was modified in 1997 to improve emissions control efficiency by using carbon adsorption units that treat effluent from an air-stripping system for treating site ground water. By the end of 2007, SVE had removed a ...

  • Scale removal - Case Study

    Water Cooling Towers Operate at Better Efficiency and Lower Maintenance Costs with KDF Water Filter Media "As Seen in Water Quality Products" At TowerKlean™ LLC... KDF Water Filter Media Help with Scale, Algae, Chlorine and Heavy Metal Removal from Water Scale... it's a vicious never-ending problem that can kill the overall efficiency of water-cooling systems or ...


    By KDF Fluid Treatment, Inc.

  • A Pilot Scale EZVI and ZVI Treatment of Unsaturated and Saturated Soil for TCE Reduction

    ABSTRACT: Enhanced biological reductive dechlorination, micro-scale zero valent iron (ZVI), and emulsified zero valent iron (EZVI) injections were implemented to treat chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) at a former manufacturing facility in western South Carolina.  These remedial approaches – until recently typically implemented as standalone technologies –were ...

  • Dolphins to the Rescue: Dolphins Eliminate the Need for Chemical Treatments to Prevent Scaling

    Untitled Document Mineral scale accumulates daily inside the boilers and cooling towers that keep us warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Scale is a bad actor causing loss of efficiency, ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Green Water Treatment prevents scaling caused by hard water

    Fluid Dynamics has over 200,000 installations of its equipment all over the world. With applications in process industry, office blocks, hospitals, private villas, universities,oil, food and engineering companies, and clients as diverse as McDonald’s, Pfizer, and Unilever.“It is very satisfying” says Robert Spencer, Fluid Dynamics Managing Director, who, with his father founded the business in ...

  • Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in a full-scale drinking water treatment plant

    Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is currently considered as one of the most important parameters in drinking water treatment due to its potential to form toxic nitrogenous disinfection by-products (N-DBPs). A comprehensive investigation was made in this study on the variation of DON in a full-scale drinking water treatment plant with a treatment train of coagulation/sedimentation, biofiltration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot-scale fluoride-containing wastewater treatment by the ballasted flocculation process

    A pilot-scale ballasted flocculation system was used to remove fluoride from one type of industrial wastewater. The system included the formation of calcium fluoride (CaF2) using calcium hydroxide followed by coagulation sedimentation. Calcium fluoride was recycled as nuclei for enhancing CaF2 precipitation and as a ballasting agent for improving fluoride removal and flocculation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Review of cost versus scale: water and wastewater treatment and reuse processes

    The US National Research Council recently recommended direct potable water reuse (DPR), or potable water reuse without environmental buffer, for consideration to address US water demand. However, conveyance of wastewater and water to and from centralized treatment plants consumes on average four times the energy of treatment in the USA, and centralized DPR would further require upgradient ...


    By IWA Publishing

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