scaling Articles

  • Ultrasonic technology in cooling towers

    Ultrasound technology is an effective and environmentally friendly method to minimise chemical consumption and improve the efficiency of a cooling tower, says Ander Paz Blazquez. Low-intensity ultrasound has been used for more than a decade in order to control algae and biofilm growth. Latest innovations have concluded that effective algae control is achieved through the use Ultrasound ...


    By LG Sonic

  • CASE STUDY - Setup and calibration of a three-dimensional numerical multiphase model for design of in-situ remediation of jet fuel with surfactant

    BACKGROUND Storage and pumping of jet-fuel have caused a severe contamination of soil and groundwater at a military facility in Denmark. The contamination was detected in 2001. The Danish Defence has conducted 3 a series of investigations and set up a skimmer system, that has recovered approximately 25 m of jetfuel. In 2005, the recovery stopped, and the remaining jet-fuel is trapped as a ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Mechanisms of scale deposition and scale removal in porous media

    Calcium sulfate scaling and scale removal have been studied experimentally and theoretically in a well-defined unconsolidated porous medium. The effects of injection rate, scale concentration and temperature on the rate of scale formation and the rate of its removal are investigated. The results of the experiments are used to develop mechanistic models for the prediction of the scaling process in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Large Scale Groundwater Modelling

    The hydrological model LISFLOOD is a spatially-distributed, partially physically-based rainfall-runoff model that has been devised to simulate the hydrological behaviour in large European catchments, with emphasis on predicting floods and droughts. In the model the groundwater component is represented by two interconnected linear reservoirs, with the outflow in some unit of time being ...


  • Scale removal - Case Study

    Water Cooling Towers Operate at Better Efficiency and Lower Maintenance Costs with KDF Water Filter Media "As Seen in Water Quality Products" At TowerKlean™ LLC... KDF Water Filter Media Help with Scale, Algae, Chlorine and Heavy Metal Removal from Water Scale... it's a vicious never-ending problem that can kill the overall efficiency of water-cooling systems or ...


    By KDF Fluid Treatment, Inc.

  • Large-scale application

    Type      HOFGAS®- Ready 2500 (2x) Commissioning      2002 Client      Cleanaway (Pitsea, GB) Situation The 2.8km2 big Pitsea landfill is located 50km east of London. It takes 2 to 3 years until the process of a landfill releases constantly gas. To compensate the initial unsteadiness, the 2 compact units ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Small-Scale Biosolids Composting

    Cambridge, Ohio retrofitted a portion of its vacuum assisted drying beds into a covered composting facility, processing about 300 dry tons/year of biosolids and wood chips. Like many small communities in an agricultural area, the City of Cambridge, Ohio (pop. 14,000) managed biosolids generated by its 2.25 mgd Water Pollution Control Center (WPCC) via land application on farm fields. “Then ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Scale-up of the MIEX® DOC Process for Full Scale Water Treatment Plants

    The MIEX® DOC Process is a new process developed by Orica Watercare, South Australian Water Corporation and the CSIRO for the removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from drinking water. Results from scale up of the process to a 170m3/day pilot plant have been reported previously (Nguyen, 1997). The process has now been successfully scaled up and trialed on a 1000m3/day pilot plant located at ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Research on the synthesis and scale inhibition performance of a new terpolymer scale inhibitor

    A new terpolymer named β-CD-MA-SSS was produced using free-radical polymerization of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), maleic-anhydride (MA) and sodium-styrene-sulfonate (SSS) as monomers, with potassium persulfate (KPS) as initiator. Its performance as a scale inhibitor to prevent deposition of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) has been investigated. Experimental results demonstrated that β-CD-MA-SSS performed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental power of laboratory-scale results and transferability to full-scale anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion is today internationally acknowledged as an environmentally sound process for energy and nutrient recovery from organic wastes, and it is the dominant sludge treatment technology in most countries’ wastewater treatment plants. Laboratory- or pilot-scale experiments are commonly used as a first step to investigate the potential of new ideas or to confirm research hypothesis ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ADMS–Urban: developments in modelling dispersion from the city scale to the local scale

    Many countries perform national air quality assessments using grid–based numerical air dispersion models, generally referred to as 'regional' models. Advantages of these models include the ability to use temporally and spatially varying meteorology and model chemical reactions over large temporal and spatial scales. These models usually perform reasonably well against rural and urban background ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preventing scale in recreational vehicles and motorhomes

    Over 80% of North America is affected by hard water, which is a major problem for the owners of RVs and Motorhomes.  Consequently, whatever State you are visiting in your RV, or if you have a motorhome permanently located in a hard water area, limescale will clog pipes, ruin appliances, destroy faucets and cloud glassware. The award-winning, patented, Scalewatcher water-conditioner, from ...

  • Scalewatcher Removes Scale from Baptistery

    The Church of Christ in Shiner, Texas is no longer experiencing scale build up on its baptistery immersion tank following the installation of the computerized, electronic, water-conditioner Scalewatcher from Scalewatcher North America. The Scalewatcher system has also improved the clarity of the water, enhanced the operation of the heater and drastically reduced the amount of chlorine required. ...

  • Atomic-scale silicon device fabrication

    The driving force behind the microelectronics industry is the ability to pack ever more features onto a silicon chip, by continually miniaturising the individual components. However, after 2015 there is no known technological route to reduce device sizes below 10 nm. In this paper we demonstrate a complete fabrication strategy towards atomic-scale device fabrication in silicon using phosphorus as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Calcium Sulfate Scale Control with ML2580

    Background Mining company operates an ore roasting operation for gold recovery in the western US. SO2 is generated in the process and quenched with water creating a super saturated stream of SO4 . Calcium sulfate (gypsum) scale forms in the process plumbing and reduces critical flow rates. After months of reduced production, the decision was made to shut down and hydro-blast the system. The ...


    By ChemTreat, Inc.

  • Why Water Scale is Dangerous for Equipment

    Mineral scale occurs wherever circulating water exists, and it forms very fast (generally less than 3 weeks). Even a very thin layer, it will also cause insulation, make equipment inefficient, increase cost, and in some serious cases, it will shut down the whole system and even cause explosion. These problems have already existed in different fields, and are becoming worse and worse. ...


    By Mibo International Corp.

  • Impact on nitrifiers of full-scale bioaugmentation

    Nitrifiers are the slowest growing bacteria used in conventional biological wastewater treatment. Furthermore, their growth rate is seriously hampered by low temperature. As a result, the volume needed for nitrification dominates the volume of the biological reactors at a wastewater treatment plant. As a way of enhancing nitrification and reducing this volume, bioaugmentation can be used. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Commercial scale production of inorganic nanoparticles

    This review focuses on the current trend in the commercial scale production methods of inorganic nanoparticles. The limiting factors for the scalability of synthesis methods are explained and the relationship between commercial nanoparticle materials and production methods is discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on the fact that different synthesis techniques lead to different properties of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fragmentation in small-scale confined blasting

    Design of sub-level blasting rounds and optimisation has become more important now when the sizes of the blasting rings get larger. Sufficient fragmentation is one of the key factors, and in confined blasting as in sub-level caving, this influences the mobilisation of the blasted ring. Model scale tests have been made to understand the mechanisms of rock breakage and therefore fragmentation under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you