sea instrument Articles

  • Tech Tip: Deploying Sea-Bird CTD in Ice

    Large numbers of Sea-Bird conductivity instruments have been used in Arctic and Antarctic programs. Special accommodation to keep temperature, conductivity, oxygen, and optical sensors at or above 0° C is advised. Often, the CTD is brought inside protective doors between casts to achieve this. Conductivity Cell When freezing is possible, we ...

  • Arctic Polar Research - A Global Responsibility

    Due to climate change and geopolitical trends, the Polar Regions (particularly the Arctic) are increasingly becoming the focus of scientific, political, and economic interests. Much of the global climate is driven by forces that originate in the Arctic. The Arctic sea ice is receding faster than climate models have predicted, and the movement of freshwater into and around the Arctic plays an ...

  • State of Europe`s seas

    Europe's seas are home to a wide variety of marine organisms and ecosystems, and are also an important source of food, raw materials, and energy for people. There is a range of EU policy goals related to managing the use of our seas' natural capital so we can keep on reaping its benefits. For example, there are EU policies related to managing fisheries and offshore energy production, and to ...

  • Geo-engineering, the Law of the Sea, and Climate Change

    Plans to address climate change increasingly include proposals for geo-engineering projects, whose effects are likely to be global, at best only partly predictable, not necessarily wholly benign, and extend beyond their objective. Geo-engineering proposals should receive detailed, precautionary scrutiny by the international community, which requires sophisticated international legal instruments ...


    By Lexxion, The Legal Publisher

  • From 370km above the earth to 11000m under the sea

    It’s a bold strapline – but what does it mean? Have we opened an atmosphere research facility in outer space? Organised an aquatic Charity Day in the Mariana Trench? Well, if you didn’t know anything about Analox you’d be forgiven for wondering. After all, three-hundred and seventy kilometres above the earth is a long way from Stokesley. And eleven thousand metres under ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Algiz XRW Assists scientists on the Frozen arctic sea - Case Study

    With help from the Algiz XRW portable rugged notebook computer from Handheld Group, two scientists hosted the Arctic Science Field Logistics project from autumn to spring 2013-14, providing researchers from around the world a unique opportunity to collect scientific data in a remote Arctic location. This rugged notebook assisted with recording and storing scientific data, keeping open lines of ...


    By Handheld UK and Ireland Ltd

  • Statistical analysis and inter-comparison of the solar UVB, UVA and global radiation for Beer Sheva and Neve Zohar (Dead Sea), Israel

    A statistical analysis and inter-comparison of the solar UVB, UVA and global radiation for Beer Sheva and Neve Zohar (Dead Sea) are presented utilizing data measured from January 1995 through December 2002. Beer Sheva is located approximately 65km to the west of and 700m above Neve Zohar. The monthly average hourly and daily values for all radiation types at both sites are reported. The standard ...


    By Springer

  • Texas Instruments - A Novel Separation Technique for the Analysis of Trace Levels of Atmospheric Contaminants in Inert Semiconductor Process Gases

    A NOVEL SEPARATION TECHNIQUE FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TRACELEVELS OF ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS IN INERTSEMICONDUCTOR PROCESS GASES J. Scott McWilliams, Alan Johnson, Charlene Long, Jeremiah D. Hogan*Texas Instruments, Inc.Dallas, TX 75265 Low ppb detection limits for contamination in cylinder gases have been achieved with gas chromatography using a modified gas ...


    By Environics, Inc.

  • Intercomparison of a WaveGuide radar and two Directional Waveriders

    Down-looking FMCW radars for wave measurements are in use already for 25 years. They have proved to be very robust and maintenance is hardly needed. Now the prices of FMCW radars came down they are being more widely applied for water level, tide, harbour oscillations and wave height at sea, lakes and rivers. Radacs WaveGuide was introduced in 1998 based upon a commercial tank radar, first Enrafs ...


    By Radac BV

  • Measurement of hydrocarbons in produced water using fiber optic sensor technology

    Due to the non-availability of Freon, there is need for an alternative method to measure the concentration of hydrocarbons in the effluent from oil water separators in use in the oil industry today. Current methods use solvent extraction and IR analysis of water samples. In this paper we present an alternative method, which does not use any solvents and can provide in-situ analysis of the ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Measurement of Hydrocarbons in Produced Water Using Fiber Optic Sensor Technology (An Alternative to Freon Extraction and IR Analysis Methods)

    Due to the non-availability of Freon, there is need for an alternative method to measure the concentration of hydrocarbons in the effluent from oil water separators in use in the oil industry today. Current methods use solvent extraction and IR analysis of water samples. In this paper we present an alternative method, which does not use any solvents and can provide in-situ analysis of the ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Inter-Island modal competition: the case of Gran Canaria-Tenerife

    In this paper, we use discrete choice modelling to analyse inter-modal competition in the most important route within The Canary Islands (Spain). We estimate different Nested Logit (NL) models that allow us to know the main factors that determine modal choice among a set of three existing alternatives: plane and two fast ferries. We obtained passengers' Willingness To Pay (WTP) for improvements ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fish out of water — marine management in a changing climate

    A fisherman's tale: on the night of 6 October 1986 lobster fishermen from the small town of Gilleleje, north of Copenhagen, fishing the Kattegat Sea, found their nets crammed with Norway lobster. Many of the animals were dead or dying. About half were a strange colour. Observations of dissolved oxygen in the water in combination with the dead lobsters told researchers at the National ...

  • Wastewater Treatment Works

    Margate and Broadstairs, two of the principal towns in northeastern Kent, attract thousands of visitors each summer to enjoy the beaches and countryside within easy reach of London. Such popularity comes with a cost. The infrastructure serving the area needs to be developed to keep pace with the rising population and the requirements of new UK and European Union legislation. With the ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Opinion: What is Marine Spatial Planning

    A SYSTEM OF INTEGRATED MARINE MANAGEMENT FOR UK WATERS The United Kingdom marine area is far greater than that of its landmass.1 The coastal areas and seas have provided convenient food, transport and waste disposal for centuries, as well as contributing to man's identity and sense of well-being. In recent years, biodiversity and the potential of biotechnologies from the oceans have ...


  • NGO black carbon letter to environment ministers

    Dear Arctic Environment Ministers, We, the undersigned non-governmental organizations, write to urge you to use the occasion of the historic second meeting of Arctic environment ministers to strongly encourage Arctic states to take significant action to reduce emissions of black carbon. Last year the Arctic experienced record melting of both summer sea ice and the Greenland Ice Sheet and land ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Measuring carbon dioxide (CO2) along ocean surfaces case study

    Customer: Confidential Application: A research team needed to study the levels and variations of one of the major greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) along the ocean surfaces. The research team required CO2 analysers to be installed in commercial ocean liners to monitor the “dry” level of ...


    By Ecotech Pty Ltd

  • Handling of a large dataset: application of Time Series Analysis to oceanographic studies

    This paper describes the application of the specific Time Series Analysis techniques (TSA), Autocorrelation analysis (AC), Crosscorrelation analysis (CC) and Power Spectral Density (PSD) to elaborate a large set of oceanographic data, such as marine pressure, flow and current. The data were collected by ad hoc oceanographic instrumentations in two different sites of the Italian seas as digitised ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measuring TOC in Brine Solutions

    In the chlor-alkali and electrolysis industries, as well as many others, there is a need to analyze for TOC in samples containing high salt concentrations. These samples can range from sea water, which is typically 3% salt, up to brine solutions containing 28% salt. Shimadzu’s TOC-L with the high salt kit (P/N 638-93176-01 for N model & P/N 638-93176-02 for H model) is well suited for ...

  • Ocean acidification investigations in the Kiel Fjord

    Continuous, reliableand direct pCO2measurements since 2012 Greenhouse gases, and in particular carbon dioxide (CO2), are one of the most discussed topics in society today, influencing political debate, legal framework and business decision-making. From a pre-industrial 280ppm, atmospheric CO2 has risen to a present-day level of 390ppm, with this figure expected to rise to up to 1000ppm by the ...


    By Teledyne RD Instruments

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