seawater disinfection Articles

  • Disinfection effect of pressurized carbon dioxide on Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in seawater

    Ship ballast water should be disinfected before being discharged into the ocean to avoid the dispersal of non-native species into the marine environment. This study presents the results of using pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) at less than 1.0 MPa for inactivating Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in artificial seawater (3.4% salinity). The bactericidal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Overview of seawater desalination status and challenges

    Introduction World oceans contain over 97.2% of the planet’s water resources. Because of the high salinity of ocean water and the significant costs associated with seawater desalination most of the global water supply has traditionally come from fresh water sources – groundwater aquifers, rivers and lakes. Today, however, changing climate patterns combined with population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrochlorination system: a unique method of prevention of biofouling in seawater desalination

    Desalination plants require huge volumes of seawater for the generation of fresh water. Seawater contains large amounts of microbiological fluids which, when passed through the piping system, form biofouling in the inner surface of the pipeline, which results in the reduction of the flow rate of water without proper chemical treatment. Chlorine is the most commonly used disinfectant for water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design, operating and research experience at the Penneshaw Seawater Desalination Plant, South Australia

    Abstract This paper provides a historical perspective of the plant, including performance problems and how they were overcome, as well as key learnings from selected process R&D studies. The South Australian Water Corporation (SA Water) is a wholly-owned public water utility, responsible for the management of water and wastewater supply, treatment and distribution infrastructure, for ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • UV disinfection for enhanced oil recovery and other oilfield applications

    One of the biggest challenges facing oil companies today is how to extract more oil from the discoveries made in the last 40 years. Estimates vary, but approximately 66% of the discovered oil gets left in the ground. The International Energy Agency has estimated that if, in the next 20 years, this figure could be reduced to 50%, then this would increase the world's recoverable oil by 1.2 trillion ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Effect of salinity on medium- and low-pressure UV disinfection of Vibrio cholerae

    The problem of biological invasions attributed to ballast water release is an ongoing problem that threatens ecosystems and human health. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation has been increasingly used for ballast water treatment mainly due to the advantages of short contact time and minimized harmful disinfection by products. In this study, the impact of salinity on the inactivation of Vibrio cholerae ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Offshore water injection - Case Study

    Client: PPCoN   Location: North Sea Description: UV disinfection of seawater for offshore reservoir injection The process of disinfecting water with UV light is a proven technology for drinking and process water in many industries. It has now been applied with great success to the disinfection of seawater for use well injection ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Solar inactivation of four Salmonella serovars in fresh and marine waters

    Sunlight-mediated disinfection of water is of interest to both the drinking and recreational water quality community of researchers due to its potential to reduce microbial contamination and waterborne illness. Photo-inactivation of enteric bacteria has primarily been investigated using Escherichia coli and laboratory strains of model bacteria. The present study sought to document the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Alamitos Barrier Recycled Water Project

    Groundwater pumping in the Los Alamitos, California area over the last century has caused groundwater levels to drop, allowing seawater to intrude into the local groundwater aquifer. To prevent additional infiltration by seawater, a coastline barrier of wells injecting fresh water has been in place since 1965. Until recently, imported potable drinking water was injected into the aquifer. However, ...

  • Interest grows in OPEX saving UV water treatment technology used for enhanced oil recovery - Case Study

    atg UV Technology, a UK manufacturer of water treatment packages for the Oil and Gas sector have seen growing interest in the application of UV disinfection for the treatment of sea water used for well injection in enhanced oil recovery applications. UV light is a chemical-free, physical disinfection technique that is widely used throughout the offshore sector for applications such as potable ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Jersey specifies Trojan - again

    Jersey Island, British Isles, is a popular tourist destination for Europeans. It’s the largest of a series of small, independent islands in the English Channel near the coast of Normandy. In 1992, Trojan’s U.K.subsidiary, Sunwater Limited, provided a state-of-the-art water disinfection system to upgrade Jersey’s then thirty-three year old main sewage treatment plant at Bellozanne, near St ...

  • Drought Forces Push to Recycle, Reuse and Potential in Brackish Water for Oil & Gas Industry: Interview with BioLargo CEO

    UPTICK Interview: BioLargo's AOS Filter Delivers Abundant Clean Water Even In Drought The headlines are full of discussion on water shortages and drought with few options consistently noted beyond the need to conserve and manage the precious resource. To gain perspective on the problem and explore viable solutions UPTICK Newswire interviewed ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Advanced Water Treatment Technologies May Bring Purified Water to San Diego

    'In four years, half of San Diego may be filling its glasses with tap water that once ran through its toilets,' reported the San Diego Union-Tribune recently. A plan to mix 'repurified water' with the City's raw drinking water reservoir could become a reality, thanks to the wonders of water treatment technology. Such a possibility elicits various reactions including disgust, marvel and fear. ...

  • San Alfonso del Mar, Chili case study

    Crystal Lagoons Corp. and Technology San Alfonso del Mar seawater swimming pool is the largest swimming pool of the world made by Crystal Lagoons Corp. (www.crystal-lagoons.com). It is 1.013 metres (3.324 ft) long, contains 250 million litres of water and has a surface area of 8 hectares (19,77 acre), it was completed in December 2006. This ...


    By LG Sonic

  • BioLargo’s “Lowest Cost - Highest Impact” Clean Water Technology Positioned To Save Maritime Operators Billions

    Beginning this year and continuing over the next 5 years, the International MaritimeOrganization and the U.S. Coast Guard are requiring an estimated 65,000 ships over 400 gross tons to be fitted with approved Ballast Water Treatment Systems, “BWTS”. ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Degrémont Optimizes Environmental Footprint for 60 Water Treatment Plants

    Over the past 10 years, Degrémont and GE (NYSE: GE) have helped more than 60 local municipalities and industries, including refining and petrochemical, save more than 40 billion liters of water with GE’s ZeeWeed* membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. The purified ...


    By Water Active Ltd

  • Can saltwater quench our growing thirst?

    An increasingly water-stressed world takes a new look at desalination. It seems simple enough: Take the salt out of water so it’s drinkable. But it’s far more complex than it appears at first glance. It’s also increasingly crucial in a world where freshwater resources are progressively strained by population growth, development, droughts, ...


    By Ensia

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Why BioLargo Is Hot and Why Shares May Get Hotter

    Investors have waited patiently as BioLargo, Inc. (OTCQB: BLGO) spent millions of dollars and many years developing a world-class water treatment technology that promises to impact the world for good. In much of the world, water equates to life, and the need for clean water has never been so critical as now. Supply challenges are exacerbated by drought, pollution from industry and agriculture, ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

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