seawater pump Articles

  • Overview of seawater desalination status and challenges

    Introduction World oceans contain over 97.2% of the planet’s water resources. Because of the high salinity of ocean water and the significant costs associated with seawater desalination most of the global water supply has traditionally come from fresh water sources – groundwater aquifers, rivers and lakes. Today, however, changing climate patterns combined with population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of sea level rise and over-pumping on seawater intrusion in coastal aquifers

    Climate change, sea level rise, over-pumping and saltwater intrusion present some of the future challenges of water resources management in coastal areas. Over-abstraction is considered one of the main causes of seawater intrusion and the rise in sea levels accelerates the intrusion. With the combined impact of sea level rise and over-pumping the problem becomes exacerbated and requires urgent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmentally sound desalination at the Perth Seawater Desalination Plant

    AbstractWater scarcity is recognized as a significant problem in Australia and throughout the world. Yet the demand for fresh water continues to grow, driven by the need for drinking water to satisfy the world’s growing population, changing weather patterns, an increasing need for water for agriculture and industry and the concentration of populations in urban areas that lack sufficient fresh ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Seawater desalination using reusable type small PWR

    Demand for seawater desalination is increasing, especially in regions such as the Middle East and North Africa, where populations are growing at a high annual rate. If such demand is met by fossil fuel energy, the influence on the environment, such as global warming, cannot be disregarded. Since these regions are behind in their preparedness of social capital infrastructure, such as power ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater Biotoxicity monitoring to protect the coastal waters of Italy

    The recorded death of fish in the river that flows out of the industrial zone of Scarlino has created the need of the installation of a biological alarm system. The decision was made to work with an automatic system, iTOXcontrol created by microLAN-The Netherlands represented in Italy by Ecotox Lds, which uses marine bacteria. The system compares the values of the light emission from these ...

  • Second law based performance analysis of seawater source cascade heat pump system: a case study

    This paper presents the second law based analysis of a seawater source cascade heat pump system operating with two different refrigerants. The present cascade heat pump system consists of two different heat pumps attached in such a way that the condenser of the first stage heat pump is the evaporator for the second heat pump and the condenser of the second heat pump is attached to the place to be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of over-pumping and sea level rise on seawater intrusion in Gaza aquifer (Palestine)

    Seawater intrusion is considered as one of the main processes that degrade water quality by raising salinity to levels exceeding acceptable drinking water standards. Over-abstraction is the main cause of seawater intrusion. Moreover, climate change and sea level rise speed up seawater intrusion. This paper presents the development of a coupled transient finite element model for simulation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seawater reverse osmosis system for supplying potable water for airport in saudi arabia

    The Background Saudi Arabia General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) is responsible for constructing, managing, operating, and maintaining airports and air navigation infrastructure in Saudi Arabia. The city lacked adequate water production and distribution systems around the airport. GACA’s objective was to increase water production to meet projected growth in demand, and ...

  • Simulation of seawater intrusion in the Nile Delta aquifer under the conditions of climate change

    The problem of seawater intrusion is encountered in almost all coastal aquifers. Because of its higher density, the seawater migrates inland into freshwater aquifers even without any pumping activities. Excessive pumping of groundwater would accelerate seawater intrusion. Climate change and sea level rise represent critical parameters affecting the rate and degree of seawater intrusion. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The operation principle of the Hadera seawater desalination plant and advantages of the pressure center design

    Abstract The Hadera Desalination Plant located in Hadera, Israel, is the world’s largest operating seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant. During the three and a half years it has been in operation, the plant has produced potable water for the State of Israel totaling 106 million cubic meters per year the first year, 127 million cubic meters per year the second year and 146 ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Low grade heat utilisation for seawater desalination by the HTTF process

    To improve heat transfer efficiency, Horizontal Tube Thin Film (HTTF) evaporators are being used in multieffect desalination plants. These plants require less pumping energy than thermal-based desalination plants. To generate the design data, experimental studies were carried out in a single-tube HTTF experimental setup, and heat transfer correlations were developed at BARC. The experimental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Depth exposed membrane for water extraction (DEMWAX) for seawater desalination

    Introduction The Depth Exposed Membrane for Water Extraction (DEMWAX) is a novel approach to both fresh surface water treatment and seawater desalination that deploys a system directly within the source water body. The DEMWAXTM system is configured to take advantage of the natural (free) pressure of the source water body to drive a membrane process. This configuration has many advantages ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • Assessment of water qualities and evidence of seawater intrusion in a deep confined aquifer: case of the coastal Djeffara aquifer (Southern Tunisia)

    Geochemical analyses of groundwater samples from the Djeffara confined aquifer (Southern Tunisia) were performed. The distribution of saline waters was investigated to identify the origin of the groundwater contamination. The aquifer was shown to be affected by an abnormal increase in groundwater salinity. Near the recharge zone, the groundwater salinity does not exceed 2.5 g l−1 but ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pumps for the Booming FPSO Sector

    In the last few years, several new offshore oil fields have been discovered. The current findings from Petrobras and other companies in the pre-salt province, located in the Brazilian continental shelf, suggest reserves of over 50 billion barrels of oil. Extracting the pre-salt oil is challenging and done increasingly with floating production storage and offloading units (FPSOs). Sulzer offers a ...


    By Sulzer

  • Selecting a pump for sea water reverse osmosis

    Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination has become a significant process used in the purification of water. Selecting the correct pump is a significant step in a well designed and properly operating pumping system. Although the pump is a relatively small part of the overall cost of an RO system, expenses resulting from downtime and inefficiency can quickly diminish the productivity of the RO system and ...


    By Cat Pumps

  • Improvement in motor performance during high-pressure pump starting at NDDP, Kalpakkam

    The major energy requirement required for a seawater reverse osmosis plant is in the form of electrical energy. The primary energy requirement in the process is the electrical energy fed to high-pressure pumps to pressurise the feed seawater to the membranes. This high-pressure pump, being a high inertia load, requires very high torque at the time of starting. This requirement results in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • More to Scrubber Pumps than Meets the Eye

    One component, in particular, needs to be carefully selected to ensure safe and efficient sulphur removal. The time is now Shipowners are having to move fast to change fuel type to distillate fuel or LNG, or to install the exhaust gas cleaning systems (EGC systems) known as scrubbers. They’re reacting to new sulphur emission legislation set to come into force in designated ...


    By DESMI A/S

  • Our New Pump Ranges Address the Needs of the Desalination Market

    Antonio de la Torre is Head of the Engineered Water segment in the Water business unit of Pumps Equipment. He explains the advances in desalination technology and talks about new products and ideas for the future. Today, more than two-thirds of the newly installed desalination capacity worldwide is based on reverse osmosis technology. Why are customers increasingly choosing this ...


    By Sulzer

  • Liquid ring pumps is the heart for conveying fish - Case Study

    Liquid ring pumps are real survivors. Fish Processors would be hard pressed to live without them. With other forms of vacuum pumps being made, Liquid Ring vacuum pumps have proven to be the most reliable. Statement by Jon Ellison Project Manager at Marel, Seattle USA With many years of experience designing and building fish processing systems I can tell you that Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps have been ...


    By Samson Pumps A/S

  • OptiSaveTM installation for sea and freshwater pumps onboard “Johann Jacob”

    Ernst Jacob (GmbH & Co KG) - a German ship manager and owner of 11 ships all providing safe and environmentally friendly service of consistent quality - decided to save as much energy as possible. DESMI has signed an agreement to continuous install the energy saving system OptiSaveTM on board all the 11 vessels of Ernest Jacob. The Challenge “Back in 2014 the fuel ...


    By DESMI A/S

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