seawater reverse osmosis Articles

  • Innovative seawater intake for reverse osmosis desalination plants

    Seawater desalination plants typically consist of four major unit operations: seawater intake, pretreatment, Reverse Osmosis (RO) stage, and posttreatment and brine discharge. The best way is to go through vertical beach wells, but the increase of the production capacity of the plants built in recent years makes open intake the only solution. These open ocean intakes draw seawater through the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of feed quality on seawater reverse osmosis performance

    The trouble-free operation of a Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant relies on the quality of the treated feed water, which highlights the need for optimisation of the pre-treatment steps. The quality of raw seawater varies with time in terms of suspended and colloidal load, along with the dissolved salt content. In a conventional pre-treatment scheme, consisting of clarification and particulate and micron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater feed reverse osmosis preheating appraisal, Part II: system performance

    The present work evaluates the seawater feed Reverse Osmosis (RO) preheating system process. In this respect, the basic transport equations, which describe the system elements, are used for determining the performance of the process operating parameters and for assessing the feed preheating process. A seawater membrane, FTSW30HR-380, was used to perform this study. In Part I of the work, the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Experiences with the conventional pretreatment system in the seawater reverse osmosis plant at Kalpakkam

    A 1800 m³/day Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) plant was commissioned in October 2002 at Kalpakkam, India, as part of the Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP). The conventional pretreatment scheme was adopted consisting of a lamella clarifier, pressurised sand filter, activated carbon filter and cartridge filter. The dosing of pretreatment chemicals, ferrous sulphate and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Experiences with the seawater reverse osmosis plant at the Kudankulam nuclear power plant

    The Seawater Reverse Osmosis Plant (SWROP) of the Kudankulam nuclear power plant is located at Anuvijay township, Chettikulam, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu. The objective is to produce 2400 M³ of potable water per day. The plant consists of four streams, each having a capacity of 25 M³/h. Each stream has nine pressure tubes in parallel and each pressure tube has six polyamide spiral-wound ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of an ultrafiltration pre-treatment system for a seawater reverse osmosis plant

    The seawater reverse osmosis system requires extensive pre-treatment in order to ensure reliable performance. The conventional pre-treatment system involves dosing of chemicals, which requires frequent monitoring of raw water quality, and also involves adjusting the dosage. Besides being cumbersome, there is a lot of time lag involved in carrying out these measures. This calls for pre-treatment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater reverse osmosis system for supplying potable water for airport in saudi arabia

    The Background Saudi Arabia General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) is responsible for constructing, managing, operating, and maintaining airports and air navigation infrastructure in Saudi Arabia. The city lacked adequate water production and distribution systems around the airport. GACA’s objective was to increase water production to meet projected growth in demand, and ...

  • Fouling and cleaning of seawater reverse osmosis membranes in Kalpakkam nuclear desalination plant

    A seawater reverse osmosis plant of 1800 m³/day capacity is part of the 6300 ³/day capacity nuclear desalination demonstration project at Kalpakkam. The plant was commissioned in October 2002 and is in continuous operation. This paper deals with types of foulants, membrane cleaning procedures and the improvement in the reverse osmosis system after cleaning. This paper also describes the analysis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cogenerative seawater reverse osmosis. Part 1: elements characteristics

    This work is a part of an extensive study performed in the area of cogenerative seawater Reverse Osmosis (RO) design, appraisal and rehabilitation. It is concerned with large-scale contiguous seawater RO systems, focusing on the 8040-type membranes of high-flow and high-salt rejection ranging in area from 300 to 400 ft². Seventeen types of membranes are selected between large- and medium-sized ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reverse Osmosis Element Design

    Introduction  TORAY REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE ELEMENTS are functional membrane elements with excellent quality and high performance developed with the polymer engineering expertise Toray has gained over the years. Toray Reverse Osmosis Membrane Elements are high rejection and high flux RO elements that have been meeting the high level requirements of our customers in many applications: ...


    By Toray Membrane Europe

  • Features of Reverse Osmosis (RO)

    1. Removal of dissolved salts  Reverse osmosis can stably and effectively remove dissolved salts, dissolved organic substances (trihalomethane, its precursors, agricultural chemicals, etc.), and micro fine particles (living germs, dead germs, and many other micro fine particles) from water. Thus it is ideal for a wide area of applications ranging from production of ultra pure water to ...


    By Toray Membrane Europe

  • Seawater desalination using forward osmosis process

    This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of the forward osmosis (FO) process for seawater desalination. The leakage of boron from the seawater into the draw solution was also studied. According to the WHO guideline, the maximum permissible limit of boron in drinking water is 2.4 ppm. Preliminary results of boron rejection by forward osmosis membrane were found to be 60–70%. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reverse Osmosis Technology - Kuriverter Rc.

    Summary Applications using Reverse Osmosis membrane technologies are everywhere in our lives – from tiny under counter units polishing our drinking water through industrial units preparing water for processes or purifying effluents for reuse and massive seawater desalination plants producing thousands of m³ of drinking and irrigation water every day. The membranes used in this ...


    By Kurita

  • Seawater feed reverse osmosis preheating appraisal, Part I: leading element performance

    This paper is concerned with the seawater reverse osmosis preheating process, and presents a parametric study of the process. The basic transport equations describing the leading element are exhibited and appraised. The leading element, which governs the whole system performance, is studied and analysed. The incorporated and investigated operating parameters are the feed pressure and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study on performance of ultrafiltration membrane-based pretreatment for application to seawater reverse osmosis desalination

    The objective of the work was to study at lab-scale the efficiency of hybrid process- coupling powdered activated carbon (PAC) adsorption or FeCl3 coagulation and UF- for marine organic matter removal. Regenerated cellulose membrane with 30 kDa and actual seawater from Mediterranean Sea were used. The coagulant was FeCl3 and adsorbents were two PAC types, with different surface area and pore ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seawater reverse osmosis plant for india’s first 4,000 MW ultra mega power project

    The Facility India’s first Ultra Mega Power Project (UMPP) at Mundra in Coastal Gujarat, a 4,000 MW coal fired plant, is owned by Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL), a Tata Power group company. Tata Power is India's largest private sector power utility with an installed generation capacity of over 2,300 MW. The CGPL UMPP, awarded on a 20 year BOOT basis, will be India’s ...

  • Safety and reliability aspects of seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant of nuclear desalination demonstration project

    Desalination systems are mostly based on membrane (RO) and thermal (MSF and MED) processes. High-pressure operation and high level of corrosion are the major aspects of concern in a Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Plant. Selection of the appropriate material for construction and the following of the proper design, fabrication and testing codes, and safe operational procedures ensure the safety of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study on performance of ultrafiltration membrane-based pretreatment for application to seawater reverse osmosis desalination

    The objective of the work was to study at lab-scale the efficiency of hybrid process- coupling powdered activated carbon (PAC) adsorption or FeCl3 coagulation and UF- for marine organic matter removal. Regenerated cellulose membrane with 30 kDa and actual seawater from Mediterranean Sea were used. The coagulant was FeCl3 and adsorbents were two PAC types, with different surface area and pore size ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Selecting a pump for sea water reverse osmosis

    Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination has become a significant process used in the purification of water. Selecting the correct pump is a significant step in a well designed and properly operating pumping system. Although the pump is a relatively small part of the overall cost of an RO system, expenses resulting from downtime and inefficiency can quickly diminish the productivity of the RO system and ...


    By Cat Pumps

  • Evaluating impact of fouling on reverse osmosis membranes performance

    Abstract Membrane fouling is commonly defined as an undesirable formation of deposits on mem- brane surfaces and it is considered a major problem in most brackish, seawater, and waste water reclamation applications. Depending on nature of the scale and foulant, fouling pro- cesses will lead to decreased membrane fluxes, increased pressures needs, and/or increased permeate conductivity. ...

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