seawater treatment Articles

  • Tuas Seawater Desalination Plant

    Black & Veatch designed the largest membrane desalination plant in Southeast Asia to help Singapore reach a critical technical milestone in its drive to overcome drinking water supply issues. The island of Singapore is among the world's 20 smallest countries in land area, but is one of the most densely populated. This highly developed city-nation enjoys a tropical climate with abundant rainfall, ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Seawater desalination for methanex

    Methanex has a large methanol production facility in Punta Arenas, Chile. In this region of the world, fresh water is not available, and the facility requires seawater desalination to provide drinking water and process water. When the facility underwent renovation and expansion of their facilities, Aqua-Chem ICD provided a total of five (5) new Once through Multi-stage Flash plants. The ...

  • Drinking water in Cuba and seawater desalination

    The lack of drinking water has become a problem at world level because, in many places, supplies are very limited and, in other places, their reserves have been drained. At the present time there are estimated to be around two thousand million people that don't have drinking water for several reasons, such as drought, contamination and the presence of saline waters not suitable for human ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overview of seawater desalination status and challenges

    Introduction World oceans contain over 97.2% of the planet’s water resources. Because of the high salinity of ocean water and the significant costs associated with seawater desalination most of the global water supply has traditionally come from fresh water sources – groundwater aquifers, rivers and lakes. Today, however, changing climate patterns combined with population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of an ultrafiltration pre-treatment system for a seawater reverse osmosis plant

    The seawater reverse osmosis system requires extensive pre-treatment in order to ensure reliable performance. The conventional pre-treatment system involves dosing of chemicals, which requires frequent monitoring of raw water quality, and also involves adjusting the dosage. Besides being cumbersome, there is a lot of time lag involved in carrying out these measures. This calls for pre-treatment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Boron removal by activated carbon and microfiltration for pre-treatment of seawater desalination

    This study aimed to enhance boron removal through powdered activated carbon adsorption (PAC) and application of a micro-filtration (MF) process as a pretreatment of a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) process. Batch and continuous experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of membrane filtration as well as PAC addition on boron removal in reconstituted seawater. In batch test, two kinds ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of seawater for the boron-doped diamond electrochemical treatment of diluted vinasse wastewater

    Vinasse wastewater of high organic content (COD = 131,000 mg/L) and low biodegradability (BOD5/COD = 0.11) cannot be easily managed and usually require several consecutive treatment steps. The objective of this work was to dilute vinasse wastewater with seawater and then subject them to electrochemical oxidation over boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes. The use of seawater is a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of feed quality on seawater reverse osmosis performance

    The trouble-free operation of a Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant relies on the quality of the treated feed water, which highlights the need for optimisation of the pre-treatment steps. The quality of raw seawater varies with time in terms of suspended and colloidal load, along with the dissolved salt content. In a conventional pre-treatment scheme, consisting of clarification and particulate and micron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cost comparison of seawater for toilet flushing and wastewater recycling

    As freshwater resources are becoming increasingly scarce, unconventional sources of water should be given new consideration. In coastal cities, seawater, with minimal treatment, can be used for toilet flushing, reducing the demand for freshwater. Currently, it is practised on a large scale only in Hong Kong. This study estimates the cost of seawater flushing and compares it to the cost of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of drinking desalinated seawater on cell viability and proliferation

    Desalination of seawater is becoming an important means to address the increasing scarcity of freshwater resources in the world. Seawater has been used as drinking water in the health, food, and medical fields and various beneficial effects have been suggested, although not confirmed. Given the presence of 63 minerals and trace elements in drinking desalinated seawater (63 DSW), we evaluated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Results from 99 seawater ro membrane autopsies

    Abstract This paper presents results from 99 sea water reverse osmosis (SWRO) membrane autopsies carried out by the Genesys laboratory in Madrid from 2002 and outlines the technical issues surrounding fouling and scaling of sea water membranes. The authors discuss historical results of membrane autopsies and link recent trends and changes in plant design to potential fouling and ...

  • Design, operating and research experience at the Penneshaw Seawater Desalination Plant, South Australia

    Abstract This paper provides a historical perspective of the plant, including performance problems and how they were overcome, as well as key learnings from selected process R&D studies. The South Australian Water Corporation (SA Water) is a wholly-owned public water utility, responsible for the management of water and wastewater supply, treatment and distribution infrastructure, for ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Seawater reverse osmosis system for supplying potable water for airport in saudi arabia

    The Background Saudi Arabia General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) is responsible for constructing, managing, operating, and maintaining airports and air navigation infrastructure in Saudi Arabia. The city lacked adequate water production and distribution systems around the airport. GACA’s objective was to increase water production to meet projected growth in demand, and ...

  • Desalination of simulated seawater by purge-air pervaporation using an innovative fabricated membrane

    An innovative polymeric membrane has been invented, which presents a breakthrough in the field of desalination membranes. It can desalinate simulated seawater of exceptionally high concentration to produce a high flux of potable water with over 99.7% salt rejection (%SR) in a once-through purge-air pervaporation (PV) process. A set-up was constructed for conducting the desalination ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection effect of pressurized carbon dioxide on Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in seawater

    Ship ballast water should be disinfected before being discharged into the ocean to avoid the dispersal of non-native species into the marine environment. This study presents the results of using pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) at less than 1.0 MPa for inactivating Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in artificial seawater (3.4% salinity). The bactericidal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrochlorination system: a unique method of prevention of biofouling in seawater desalination

    Desalination plants require huge volumes of seawater for the generation of fresh water. Seawater contains large amounts of microbiological fluids which, when passed through the piping system, form biofouling in the inner surface of the pipeline, which results in the reduction of the flow rate of water without proper chemical treatment. Chlorine is the most commonly used disinfectant for water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How seawater desalination can be helpful for coastal municipal sectors?

    Water is the vital component of life! Water consumption is increasing day by day for the growing usage of water in industries as well as urban areas. Growing population in the coastal areas has raised the need of good quality water. For the decreasing availability of good quality water, the smart solution is adapting advanced and innovative technology. Treating the seawater and make it able to be ...

  • Depth exposed membrane for water extraction (DEMWAX) for seawater desalination

    Introduction The Depth Exposed Membrane for Water Extraction (DEMWAX) is a novel approach to both fresh surface water treatment and seawater desalination that deploys a system directly within the source water body. The DEMWAXTM system is configured to take advantage of the natural (free) pressure of the source water body to drive a membrane process. This configuration has many advantages ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • Seawater desalination with solar-energy-integrated vacuum membrane distillation system

    This study designed and tested a novel type of solar-energy-integrated vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) system for seawater desalination under actual environmental conditions in Wuhan, China. The system consists of eight parts: a seawater tank, solar collector, solar cooker, inclined VMD evaporator, circulating water vacuum pump, heat exchanger, fresh water tank, and brine tank. Natural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High performance boron removal from seawater by two-pass SWRO system with different membranes

    Boron in the desalinated water produced by the seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) system is one of the most challenging issues for drinking or irrigation water uses. In recent years, many post-treatment methods and designs for boron elimination have emerged and attracted lots of attention, but only a few cases have demonstrated high performance and economic efficiency. The main aim of this work was ...


    By IWA Publishing

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