sediment removal Articles

  • Improving sediment removal in standard stormwater sumps

    Standard sumps are an important component of our stormwater drainage system. Recently they have received significant attention as a stormwater pre-treatment device to remove sediment from stormwater runoff. The objective of this research is to explore some simple structures to be installed inside standard sumps to improve sediment removal efficiency. A number of structures were tested and two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why Your Project Should Include Articulated Concrete Blocks

    During any construction project, large or small, planning for potential construction erosion is essential. Failing to take into consideration the possibility of erosion when planning a construction site will not only reduce the quality of the soil at the site, but it may also damage surrounding properties, harm the local environment and result in hefty fines and liability costs. To avoid the ...

  • Seven Ways Your Facility Isn’t Meeting Effluent Regulations and How to Solve Them

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business, especially when it comes to meeting effluent regulations. This is an important part of the wastewater treatment process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • The influence of temperature and salt on metal and sediment removal in stormwater biofilters

    Stormwater biofilters are used to treat stormwater runoff. In countries with cold winter climates, biofilters are subject to low temperatures which, in some cases, are combined with potentially high salt concentrations from road de-icing, potentially affecting the biofilter's performance. Since stormwater biofilters have been developed without consideration of their critical winter use, a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of norovirus from water by coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes

    In this study, we determined the removal of a prototype human norovirus (Norwalk virus, NV) by bench-scale alum coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for norovirus assays. After determining optimum conditions for the coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes in terms of turbidity reduction, jar tests were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Field performance of self-siphon sediment cleansing set for sediment removal in deep CSO chamber

    This paper presents a study of the self-siphon sediment cleansing set (SSCS), a system designed to remove sediment from the deep combined sewer overflow (CSO) chamber during dry-weather periods. In order to get a better understanding of the sediment removal effectiveness and operational conditions of the SSCS system, we carried out a full-scale field study and comparison analysis on the sediment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effectiveness of a Sediment Time Critical Removal Action – PCB Reduction in Fish Tissue, Surface Water and Sediment via Wet Excavation

    Documenting successful remediation of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)‐contaminated sediments is limited; potentially due to inadequate monitoring methods, complexities associated with the environment, and selected remedial techniques. At some sites, absence of appropriate baseline and post‐removal monitoring limits proper evaluation of remedial efficacy. Accurate interpretation of interactions ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Containment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Containment treatments are often performed to prevent, or significantly reduce, the migration of contaminants in soils or ground water. Containment is necessary whenever contaminated materials are to be buried or left in place at a site. In general, containment is performed when extensive subsurface contamination at a site precludes excavation and removal of wastes because of potential hazards, ...

  • Sedimentation and Subsurface Water Storage Systems

    When engineers and review authorities first encounter our Rainstore3 Subsurface Water Storage System, they will frequently ask how the storage chamber is maintained, especially for the removal of sediment. The structural nature of Rainstore3 is different from all other storage devices, employing a series of closely spaced, hollow, loadbearing columns. These columns make it impossible to ...


    By Invisible Structures, Inc.

  • Modeling of Sedimentation in Stormwater Detention Basins

    ABSTRACTTo minimize the non-point source pollution from roadway surface, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) initiated a research project for design of a small footprint non-proprietary detention basin, which consists of pipes and box culvert sections with specialized inlet and outlet system. A conceptual model was developed to estimate particle removal efficiency of the rectangular ...

  • Mercury Removal

    The Adventus Mercury Removal AdvantageResponsible environmental experts in the academic, business and regulatory communities are increasingly more worried about the high levels of mercury contamination affecting many parts of the world. The international community is focusing their attention on this growing problem and EHC-M will clearly help, as it is perfectly suited for treating environments ...


  • Arsenic Removal

    The Arsenic Removal ProcessArsenic, a naturally occurring element, is found throughout the environment; for most people, food is the major source of exposure. Acute (short-term) high-level inhalation exposure to arsenic dust or fumes has resulted in gastrointestinal effects (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain); central and peripheral nervous system disorders have occurred in workers acutely ...


  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • Wheat and sorghum residue removal for expanded uses increases sediment and nutrient loss in runoff

    Received for publication January 16, 2009. Crop residue removal for expanded uses such as feedstocks for cellulosic ethanol production may increase loss of sediment and nutrients in runoff. We assessed on-farm impacts of variable rates of residue removal from no-till winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and plow till grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] on sediment, soil organic carbon ...

  • The effects of red soil in removing phosphorus from water column and reducing phosphorus release from sediment in Lake Taihu

    A natural red soil and a lanthanum-modified soil (LMS) were tested to compare their phosphorus (P) adsorption capacities and their effectiveness in removing P from the water column and reducing P release from sediment. The equilibrium of P adsorption demonstrated that the maximum P adsorption for the soil was 1.29 and 2.22 mg g−1 at pH 8.5 and 5.5, respectively, and for the LMS these were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrogen sulfide removal from sediment and water in box culverts/storm drains by iron-based granules

    A renewable granular iron-based technology for hydrogen sulfide removal from sediment and water in box culverts and storm drains is discussed. Iron granules, including granular ferric hydroxide (GFH), granular ferric oxide (GFO) and rusted waste iron crusts (RWIC) embedded in the sediment phase removed aqueous hydrogen sulfide formed from sedimentary biological sulfate reduction. The exhausted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stabilized chitosan/Fe0-nanoparticle beads to remove heavy metals from polluted sediments

    Sediment contamination by heavy metals has become a widespread problem that can affect the normal behaviors of rivers and lakes. After chitosan/Fe0-nanoparticles (CS-NZVI) beads were cross-linked with glutaraldehyde (GLA), their mechanical strength, stability and separation efficiency from the sediment were obviously improved. Moreover, the average aperture size of GLA-CS-NZVI beads was 20.6 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal in maturation waste stabilisation ponds via biological uptake and sedimentation of dead biomass

    In this work a set of experiments was undertaken in a pilot-scale WSP system to determine the importance of organic nitrogen sedimentation on ammonium and total nitrogen removals in maturation ponds and its seasonal variation under British weather conditions, from September 2004 to May 2007. The nitrogen content in collected sediment samples varied from 4.17% to 6.78% (dry weight) and calculated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Synergistic effects of inorganic salt and surfactant on phenanthrene removal from aqueous solution by sediment

    The economic and effective application of surfactant enhanced remediation (SER) technology in a sediment-freshwater/saline water system was investigated by batch method using the combined effects of inorganic salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) and anionic surfactant (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS)) on phenanthrene (PHE) removal via sorption by sediment. In all cases, PHE sorption followed a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing the suitability of sediment-type bioelectrochemical systems for organic matter removal from municipal wastewater: a column study

    This study examines the use of bioelectrochemical systems (BES) as an alternative to rock filters for polishing wastewater stabilisation ponds (WSPs) effluent, which often contains soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) and suspended solids mainly as algal biomass. A filter type sediment BES configuration with graphite granules (as the surrogate for rocks in a rock filter) was examined. Three ...


    By IWA Publishing

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