sediment removal system Articles

  • Improving sediment removal in standard stormwater sumps

    Standard sumps are an important component of our stormwater drainage system. Recently they have received significant attention as a stormwater pre-treatment device to remove sediment from stormwater runoff. The objective of this research is to explore some simple structures to be installed inside standard sumps to improve sediment removal efficiency. A number of structures were tested and two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sedimentation and Subsurface Water Storage Systems

    When engineers and review authorities first encounter our Rainstore3 Subsurface Water Storage System, they will frequently ask how the storage chamber is maintained, especially for the removal of sediment. The structural nature of Rainstore3 is different from all other storage devices, employing a series of closely spaced, hollow, loadbearing columns. These columns make it impossible to ...


    By Invisible Structures, Inc.

  • Field performance of self-siphon sediment cleansing set for sediment removal in deep CSO chamber

    This paper presents a study of the self-siphon sediment cleansing set (SSCS), a system designed to remove sediment from the deep combined sewer overflow (CSO) chamber during dry-weather periods. In order to get a better understanding of the sediment removal effectiveness and operational conditions of the SSCS system, we carried out a full-scale field study and comparison analysis on the sediment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing the suitability of sediment-type bioelectrochemical systems for organic matter removal from municipal wastewater: a column study

    This study examines the use of bioelectrochemical systems (BES) as an alternative to rock filters for polishing wastewater stabilisation ponds (WSPs) effluent, which often contains soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) and suspended solids mainly as algal biomass. A filter type sediment BES configuration with graphite granules (as the surrogate for rocks in a rock filter) was examined. Three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling of Sedimentation in Stormwater Detention Basins

    ABSTRACTTo minimize the non-point source pollution from roadway surface, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) initiated a research project for design of a small footprint non-proprietary detention basin, which consists of pipes and box culvert sections with specialized inlet and outlet system. A conceptual model was developed to estimate particle removal efficiency of the rectangular ...

  • Arsenic Removal

    The Arsenic Removal ProcessArsenic, a naturally occurring element, is found throughout the environment; for most people, food is the major source of exposure. Acute (short-term) high-level inhalation exposure to arsenic dust or fumes has resulted in gastrointestinal effects (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain); central and peripheral nervous system disorders have occurred in workers acutely ...


  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • The effects of red soil in removing phosphorus from water column and reducing phosphorus release from sediment in Lake Taihu

    A natural red soil and a lanthanum-modified soil (LMS) were tested to compare their phosphorus (P) adsorption capacities and their effectiveness in removing P from the water column and reducing P release from sediment. The equilibrium of P adsorption demonstrated that the maximum P adsorption for the soil was 1.29 and 2.22 mg g−1 at pH 8.5 and 5.5, respectively, and for the LMS these were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Synergistic effects of inorganic salt and surfactant on phenanthrene removal from aqueous solution by sediment

    The economic and effective application of surfactant enhanced remediation (SER) technology in a sediment-freshwater/saline water system was investigated by batch method using the combined effects of inorganic salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) and anionic surfactant (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS)) on phenanthrene (PHE) removal via sorption by sediment. In all cases, PHE sorption followed a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal in maturation waste stabilisation ponds via biological uptake and sedimentation of dead biomass

    In this work a set of experiments was undertaken in a pilot-scale WSP system to determine the importance of organic nitrogen sedimentation on ammonium and total nitrogen removals in maturation ponds and its seasonal variation under British weather conditions, from September 2004 to May 2007. The nitrogen content in collected sediment samples varied from 4.17% to 6.78% (dry weight) and calculated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of rainwater harvesting systems on nutrient and sediment concentrations in roof runoff

    Rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems have the unique ability to contribute to stormwater management goals via mitigation of runoff volumes and peak flow rates. Additionally, collecting and storing runoff via RWH systems can potentially provide water quality benefits due to physical and chemical processes that occur within the storage tank. This study quantified the water quality improvement ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rapid settling of nanoparticles due to heteroaggregation with suspended sediment

    Sedimentation of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) has been studied mainly in artificial media and stagnant systems mimicking natural waters. This neglects the role of turbulence and heteroaggregation with sediment. We studied the apparent sedimentation rates of selected ENPs (CeO2, PVP‐Ag and SiO2‐Ag) in agitated sediment‐water systems resembling fresh, estuarine and marine waters. Experiments ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Experimental study of hydraulics and sediment capture efficiency in catchbasins

    Catchbasins (also known as gully pot in the UK and Australia) are used to receive surface runoff and drain the stormwater into storm sewers. The recent interest in catchbasins is to improve their effectiveness in removing sediments in stormwater. An experimental study was conducted to examine the hydraulic features and sediment capture efficiency in catchbasins, with and without a bottom sump. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fountain creek sediment collector - case study

    An innovative sediment management method, a 30-ft wide, high capacity, Sediment Collector, is currently installed in Fountain Creek, Pueblo, Colorado upstream of the confluence with the Arkansas River.  This installation is intended to demonstrate a new technology available to reduce the need for dredging.  The purpose of the Sediment Collector is to demonstrate the capability to lower ...


    By Streamside, LLC.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • Advances in String-Wound Sediment Filter Cartridges

    In the mid-1930s, the first string-wound depth filter cartridge entered the U.S. market. It was made from a woven wire mesh core surrounded by a cotton yarn, which was wound to form the depth filtration medium. The yarn itself was a tightly twisted medium and the major filtration essentially took place at the points of crossings of the yarns- which formed a diamond-shaped pat-tern-rather than ...

  • Analyzing sulfur in soil and sediment with handheld XRF

    Background Sulfur creates more than nasty odors. Exposure to low levels (0-10ppm) of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) causes irritation of eyes, nose, and throat; higher levels can cause headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, coughing, and breathing difficulty. H2S and numerous other odor-causing compounds are generated as a result of organic material decomposition. In the case of the Muddy River in ...

  • Cytotoxic and genotoxic activities of waters and sediments from highway and parking lot runoffs

    The genotoxicity of water and sediment samples from stormwater treatment systems and water from urban highway runoff was tested in the Salmonella/microsome assays with Salmonella typhimurium, micronucleus assay (Trad-MN) with plants and with human-derived liver cells (HepG2), or comet assay with HepG2. Cytotoxicity of water samples was studied using either reactive oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental design for the evaluation of struvite sedimentation obtained from an ammonium concentrated wastewater

    Chemical precipitation of struvite as a technique of ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) removal from concentrated wastewater has been shown to be an attractive alternative due to its high effectiveness, reaction rate, simplicity, environmental sustainability and, especially, the application potential of the generated solids for the fertilizer industry. The technique of experimental design has been used ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DEC offer Advanced In-situ Immobilisation and Capping Technique for Polluted Sediments

    In the July 2002 issue dedicated to environmental dredging of World Dredging Mining & Construction, DEC present its newly developed in-situ immobilisation and capping technique for polluted sediments, the 3SI-technique. DEME Environmental Contractors N.V. (DEC), a Belgium-based company specialising in remediation and recycling or disposal of water bottom sediments, is offering a vast range ...

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