sewage analysis Articles

  • Analysis of Sewage and Sewage Sludge by Simultaneous ICP Spectroscopy

    In recent years, the development and expansion of sewage treatment facilities has resulted in increased amounts of sludge which is generated in the treatment process, and which has presented a problem due to processing of the sludge itself. Sludge is normally incinerated or solidified and then disposed of in landfills or recycled for use in construction materials such as concrete or ...

  • Case study - Monitoring the oxygen content in bio-methane-to-grid supply

    Since 1984, Orbital has provided advanced technology solutions for the natural gas industry. Orbital’s customers, including the National Grid and the UK's gas distribution networks, rely on its crucial engineering support and specialised knowledge. Its value-added services and innovative products reduce the time it takes to identify, design and begin cost-effective delivery of new ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Analysis and occurrence of typical endocrine-disrupting chemicals in three sewage treatment plants

    Seven typical endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), including bisphenol A (BPA), 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), 17α-estradiol (17α-E2), estriol (E3) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) in wastewater, were simultaneously determined with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Samples, including influents, effluents and wastewater of different unit processes, were taken ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Image analysis of sludge aggregates obtained at preliminary treatment of sewage

    The results of wastewater treatment by Al and Fe salts and by electrocoagulation with aluminum electrodes are discussed and interpreted. Those processes used alone or combined with biological treatment, were analyzed for 50 and 90% removal of phosphates. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the resulting sludge from three coagulation processes defined the perimeter P and area ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mass balance analysis of triclosan, diethyltoluamide, crotamiton and carbamazepine in sewage treatment plants

    The behavior of antibacterial triclosan, insect-repellent diethyltoluamide (DEET), anticonvulsant carbamazepine, and antipruritic crotamiton was investigated at two sewage treatment plants (STPs) to clarify their complete mass balance. Twenty-four-hour flow-proportional composite samples were collected from the influent and effluent of primary and final sedimentation tanks, a biofiltration tank ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis for the SimpleTreat model to simulate fate of chemicals in sewage treatment plants

    SimpleTreat 3.1 predicts the distribution and elimination of chemicals by sewage treatment. The model is used as the default calculation in EUSES 2.0 to estimate exposure concentration in the receiving water, soil and air. A sensitivity analysis was performed to rank input parameters according to their influence on model predictions. Triclosan was selected for the base case. The sewage flow, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factor analysis and discriminant analysis of wastewater quality in Vidyaranyapuram sewage treatment plant, Mysore, India: a case study

    Wastewater treatment plant monitoring is an essential part of effective wastewater management. The analysis of eight physico-chemical parameters of untreated wastewater was carried out at Vidyaranyapuram sewage treatment plant, Mysore, India. Factor analysis (FA) was applied to the untreated wastewater data matrix, and pollution was found to be the most contributing factor, explaining ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Climate change a threat to sewage systems

    Many cities could face problems with their sewage in the future. A research study for Stockholm shows that a change in precipitation, combined with a population increase, could bring disruptions as early as the middle of the century. Climate change could put more pressure on the sewage systems in the future. Climate scenarios indicate critical factors such as increased volumes of rain and rising ...

  • Thermodynamic analysis and assessment of a municipal wastewater treatment system: a field study on sewage treatment

    This paper is a field study on thermodynamic analysis and assessment of an actual municipal wastewater treatment facility. The system operation is described and a methodological approach based on the energy and exergy analyses is provided to assess the performance of a complex wastewater treatment system. Since the specific exergy value of the sludge is increased through treatment process, a new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of Anionic Contamination & General Quality Testing in Water from Sewage Treatment Plants and Industrial Discharge & Effluents by Colorimetry

    Problem The high concentration of Industry, Agriculture and People in and around the United States has changed the “nature” of our environment. There are Toxic Metals coming from various metallurgical processes; Plating, Foundry, Smelting, Milling, etc., which are readily determined by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). Volatile Organics from the many Petrochemical-based operations are ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Near-infrared spectroscopic assessment of contamination level of sewage

    We examined the use of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid technique for the evaluation of sewage quality. Influent water samples, primary sedimentation tank water samples, and final effluent water samples were collected from sewage treatment facilities in Nagoya, Japan and their NIR spectra obtained. Partial least squares (PLS) models for total phosphate (TP), total nitrogen (TN), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exergoeconomic assessment of a municipal primary and secondary sewage treatment

    This paper presents the exergoeconomic analysis and assessment of a municipal primary and secondary sewage treatment systems. Operation of an existing municipal sewage treatment plant is described in detail and an exergoeconomic methodology based on SPECO method is provided to allocate cost flows through subcomponents of the plant. The system treats nearly 222,000m³ domestic wastewater per day by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • One Forcemain – Multiple Sewage Pumping Stations

    The sewage collection system for the community of Port Perry Ontario includes several sewage pumping stations conveying wastewater to the existing aerated sewage lagoons for treatment.  Initially the system originally included two sewage pumping stations pumping from the Community directly to the lagoons; the Water Street Pumping Sewage Station and the Cawker’s Creek Sewage Pumping Station. ...

  • A new sewage exfiltration model – parameters and calibration

    Exfiltration of waste water from sewer systems represents a potential danger for the soil and the aquifer. Common models, which are used to describe the exfiltration process, are based on the law of Darcy, extended by a more or less detailed consideration of the expansion of leaks, the characteristics of the soil and the colmation layer. But, due to the complexity of the exfiltration process, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characteristic of wastewater and their analysis

    Wastewater containing chromium and other heavy metals, is highly toxic effluents which require high-quality and efficient purification. Such effluents formed during electroplating, other types of chemical, electrochemical surface treatment of metal products such as chromium-plating, nickel-plating, copper-plating, zinc-plating, cadmium-plating and also during some technological ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Case study - Monitoring sewage sludge AD for Southern Water

    To check sludge AD, Southern Water uses portable biogas analysers specially developed for AD biogas and based on proven methane and associated gas analysis equipment from Geotech. Southern Water has an important routine; every single day it checks the health of its sewage sludge anaerobic digesters on eighteen sites across Hampshire, IoW, Sussex and Kent. There, each day Southern Water ...


    By Geotech

  • Economic Analysis of Environmental Externalities

    ' Economic analysis of pollution prevention and abatement measures requires estimating the potential benefits from controlling pollution as well as the better-known costs of new equipment or processes. This note discusses the economic analysis of environmental externalities, using a wide range of valuation techniques.' Industrial activities often produce various pollutants; these include air and ...


    By The World Bank

  • Observing the effects of digestion and chemical dosing on the calorific value of sewage sludge

    New legislation being introduced in Europe for the removal of the macronutrients nitrogen and phosphorous is causing the fundamental composition of sludge to change. Nitrogen removal requires longer residence times during activated treatment, and phosphorous removal can involve the supplementation of chemicals such as ferric. In addition, there is increasing pressure to capture energy from sludge ...


    By United Utilities

  • Pyrolysis properties of municipal sewage sludge with ZnCl2 activation under the N2 atmosphere

    The municipal sewage sludge with ZnCl2 activation was pyrolysed to obtain useful porous adsorbents. The thermogravimetric analysis and FTIR methods were used to work out the properties of dried sewage sludge with ZnCl2 activation from the Changsha secondary wastewater-treatment plant. The experimental results showed that three stages of weight loss were observed under the heating rates of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of the impact of industrial sewage pollution on marine benthic communities

    A survey was performed to assess organic pollution, water properties and the marine benthic community. The need to assess the environmental status of marine and coastal waters encouraged the design of specific biotic indices to evaluate the response of benthic communities to human-induced changes in water quality. In this study of the benthic community structure in Ghanam Creek surrounding an ...


    By IWA Publishing

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