sewage contamination Articles

  • Near-infrared spectroscopic assessment of contamination level of sewage

    We examined the use of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid technique for the evaluation of sewage quality. Influent water samples, primary sedimentation tank water samples, and final effluent water samples were collected from sewage treatment facilities in Nagoya, Japan and their NIR spectra obtained. Partial least squares (PLS) models for total phosphate (TP), total nitrogen (TN), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hazardous waste and not, Baioni-Dicatech system

    The identification, characterization and restoration of contaminated areas now represent a big environmental issue, both at European and national level. In the major industrialized countries the issue of contaminated land has come out in all its gravity in the late seventies when, against a widespread awakening of environmental consciousness, important pollutions events emerged. Consequently, in ...


    By Baioni Crushing Plants Spa

  • Impact of Anaerobic and Aerobic Processes on PolyChloroBiphenyl Removal in Contaminated Sewage Sludge

    Abstract  Aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation of six priority PCBs was investigated in continuous stirred tank reactors fed with naturally contaminated sewage sludge. Anaerobic and aerobic abiotic losses were higher for the lightly chlorinated PCBs but remained for all PCBs below 20%. Under strict methanogenic conditions, PCB removals were about 40% whatever PCB molecular weight or their ...


  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the Hudson River Estuary linked to wet weather sewage contamination

    Heterotrophic bacteria resistant to tetracycline and ampicillin were assessed in waterways of the New York City metropolitan area using culture-dependent approaches and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of resultant isolates. Resistant microbes were detected at all 10 sampling sites in monthly research cruises on the lower Hudson River Estuary (HRE), with highest concentrations detected at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of Anionic Contamination & General Quality Testing in Water from Sewage Treatment Plants and Industrial Discharge & Effluents by Colorimetry

    Problem The high concentration of Industry, Agriculture and People in and around the United States has changed the “nature” of our environment. There are Toxic Metals coming from various metallurgical processes; Plating, Foundry, Smelting, Milling, etc., which are readily determined by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). Volatile Organics from the many Petrochemical-based operations are ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Sewage Sludge Recycling to Land and Disposal

    The Problem: Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove these contaminants and produce environmentally safe treated wastewater (or treated effluent). A by-product of sewage treatment is usually a semi-solid waste or slurry, called sewage sludge, that has to ...


    By Dirk European Holdings LTD

  • Heavy metal & hydrocarbon contaminated sludge

    Solidification of Heavy Metal & Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sewage Sludge Client: North Lanarkshire Council Project Managers: Jacobs Challenge: The former sewage treatment works were decommissioned in the 1970’s. It is thought that during the closure process, demolition material originating from the ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Management of sewage sludge and ash containing radioactive materials

    Approximately 50% of the seven to eight million metric tonnes of municipal sewage sludge produced annually in the US is reused. Beneficial uses of sewage sludge include agricultural land application, land reclamation, forestry, and various commercial applications. Excessive levels of contaminants, however, can limit the potential usefulness of land-applied sewage sludge. A recently completed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land application of sewage sludges: an appraisal of the US regulations

    Current US federal regulations governing the land application of sewage sludges do not appear adequately protective of human health, agricultural productivity or ecological health. US standards are far less protective than those of many European countries and Canadian provinces. This is due to both policy choices such as a "do no harm" philosophy applied in some northern European ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ozone treatment of organic micro-pollutants in sewage sludge

    Organic micro-pollutants accumulate to a certain extent in sewage sludge and are therefore ecologically relevant if the sludge is to be reused in both agriculture and landscaping applications. This paper describes the degradation of endocrine-disrupting compounds and other micro-contaminants by means of ozone and ultrasonic treatment. One of the findings is that, as expected, aromatic compounds ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage of Tripoli: a review of the current situation and of the future planning

    Tripoli represents a major urban area in Lebanon with about 350,000 people in the city, which may swell by additional 100,000 when the city surrounding population is counted. It used to be a dominant agricultural region, but the last three decades witnessed a rapid development of urban construction. The goal of this paper was to present the current situation regarding the sewage disposal, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Classification of contaminants and treatability evaluation of domestic wastewater

    Long-term sampling and analysis were conducted in a domestic wastewater treatment plant for the investigation on the characteristics of the representative contaminants in raw sewage such as SS, COD, BOD5, TP, and TN. All these constituents were classified into dissolved and suspended groups by using a 0.45-μm membrane filter, and the concentration of each constituent in each group was ...


    By Springer

  • Northern Rivers Ecosystem Initiative: Distribution and Effects of Contaminants

    In response to a number of recommendations following the Northern Rivers Basin Studies (NRBS) contaminant program, the Northern Rivers Ecosystem Initiative (NREI) focused considerable attention on assessing contaminants from specific sources including pulp mill effluents, atmospheric transport of mercury and the Alberta oil sands operations. NRBS identified a number of major contaminants of ...


    By Springer

  • A look at some contaminants regulated in drinking water

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates just over 90 contaminants in public drinking water systems. They include manmade chemicals as well as naturally occurring contaminants from rocks and soil. A look at some of the contaminants that fall under federal or state regulations: ARSENIC: Enters drinking water through eroding natural deposits in the ground or mining and other ...


    By Associated Press

  • Potential health implications of water resources depletion and sewage discharges in the Republic of Macedonia

    Potential health implications of deficient sanitation infrastructure and reduced surface water flows due to climate change are examined in the case study of the Republic of Macedonia. Changes in surface water flows and wastewater discharges over the period 1955–2013 were analyzed to assess potential future surface water contamination trends. Simple model predictions indicated a decline in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Land application of sewage sludge (biosolids) in Australia: risks to the environment and food crops

    Australia is a large exporter of agricultural products, with producers responsible for a range of quality assurance programs to ensure that food crops are free from various contaminants of detriment to human health. Large volumes of treated sewage sludge (biosolids), although low by world standards, are increasingly being recycled to land, primarily to replace plant nutrients and to improve soil ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of domestic sewage effluent for sustainable production of vegetable in Kashmir valley

    Trace metals in discrete portions of knoll kohl were evaluated along with chemical composition of sewage effluent, irrigation water, and soil. High nutrients, Fe and Mn levels were noticed in the sewage effluent, whereas irrigation water showed recommended norms. Knoll kohl grown on sewage-irrigated soil accumulated sufficiently good amount of trace metals available to consumers. This study also ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Condition assessment survey of onsite sewage disposal systems (OSDSs) in Hawaii

    Onsite sewage disposal systems (OSDSs) are the third leading cause of groundwater contamination in the USA. The existing condition of OSDSs in the State of Hawaii was investigated to determine whether a mandatory management program should be implemented. Based on observed conditions, OSDSs were differentiated into four categories: ‘pass’, ‘sludge scum’, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage sludge minimisation by means of wet oxidation: process performance and economic sustainability

    Today, several technologies and management strategies are proposed and applied in WWTPs to minimise sludge production and contamination and their techno–economic feasibility has to be carefully evaluated. In this work (which is being conducted within the European Union project 'ROUTES'), based on bench results, a mass balance was drawn for a WWTP (500,000 PE), where it was supposed to install a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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