sewage recycling Articles

  • Recycling of Urban Sewage through cladoceran culture system

    The feasibility of using Urban Sewage (US) was tested in static water holdings for the culture of Daphnia, a cladoceran that is used as a live fish food. US was diluted to 60% (D40), 50% (D50), 40% (D60) and 30% (D70) by adding normal freshwater to constitute a total volume of 15 litres. Each culture medium (in triplicate) was inoculated with four units of Daphnia sps. per litre. The population ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of Sewage and Sewage Sludge by Simultaneous ICP Spectroscopy

    In recent years, the development and expansion of sewage treatment facilities has resulted in increased amounts of sludge which is generated in the treatment process, and which has presented a problem due to processing of the sludge itself. Sludge is normally incinerated or solidified and then disposed of in landfills or recycled for use in construction materials such as concrete or ...

  • Sewage sludge management in Malaysia

    This paper describes the current status of sewage sludge management in Malaysia, including sludge characteristics from both communal sewage treatment facilities and septic tanks. The levels of potentially toxic elements in the sludge are defined and compared to levels elsewhere in the context of the suitability of the sludge for agricultural use. Current sludge disposal practices are reviewed and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic thermophilic digestion of sewage sludge with a thickened sludge recycle

    The process of anaerobic thermophilic digestion of municipal wastewater sludge with a recycled part of thickened digested sludge, was studied in semi-continuous laboratory digesters. This modified recycling process resulted in increased solids retention time (SRT) with the same hydraulic retention time (HRT) as compared with traditional digestion without recycling. Increased SRT without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recycling of Municipal Wastes in Agriculture. I. Sewage Sludge Application to Corn Crop

    Abstract A two year’s field experiment (1995 and 1996) was conducted on a Typic Xerofluvent in order to study the influence of sewage sludge application on corn yield and nutrient uptake. Treatments included control (no sewage sludge, no mineral fertilisation), mineral fertilization (no sewage sludge) and sewage sludge application in total rates from 50 to 130 ton.ha-1 dry sewage sludge, applied ...


  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Aquatech Supplies One of Most India's Largest Tertiary Treated Sewage Recycle Plants

    The Facility Rashtriya Chemical Fertilizers (RCF), a Government of India Undertaking located in Mumbai, is one of India’s largest Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) in manufacturing of Fertilizers and associated Chemicals. RCF is also one of the largest fertilizer and chemical company in Asia, and the leading producer of fertilizers in India. ...

  • Continuous Pyrolysis Facility for Sewage Sludge Treatment

    The amount of sewage sludge is catastrophically increased in the latest few decades due to functioning of the municipal sewage treatment facilities. Dry sewage sludge contains 70-90% of the organic substances and 10-30% of the inorganic substances, which are dangerous for human health in case of inappropriate utilization. The continuous pyrolysis technology presents the unique sewage sludge ...


    By Polvax-Ukraine

  • Co-composting of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste

    Israel production of sewage sludge and MSW grows each year due to the increasing number of modern Wastewater plants that are using activated sludge process and the increasing population. Non-stabilized Sewage sludge is an environmental nuisance due to high level of pathogens, offensive odours, insect attraction and potential water sources pollution. The Haifa region itself, where the study took ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Management of sewage sludge and ash containing radioactive materials

    Approximately 50% of the seven to eight million metric tonnes of municipal sewage sludge produced annually in the US is reused. Beneficial uses of sewage sludge include agricultural land application, land reclamation, forestry, and various commercial applications. Excessive levels of contaminants, however, can limit the potential usefulness of land-applied sewage sludge. A recently completed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gatineau Sewage Treatment Plant, Gatineau, Quebec, Canada

    Project No. 1 Industrial Boiler Application A FLU-ACE waste heat recovery system installed to process all flue gases from three boilers. The system recovers up to 3.5 mmBTU/h of waste heat which is re-used for heating the digester sludge. The main fuel for the boilers is recycled methane based sewage gas generated from the plant’s anaerobic digesters. 'The installation ...

  • Tire Recycling System, Tyre Recycle Plant

    The production line technology, R & D by Wuhan Green world Technology Co., Ltd, can handling waste tire to fine rubber powder at room temperature. Overcoming the difficulty of the waste tire recycling, initiate to handle waste tire to 40-200 mesh fine rubber powder at room temperature, which indicated that Chinese industrial technology and equipment on waste tire recycling had made a historic ...

  • Wastewater Recycling Project

    Durban is part of the eThekweni Municipality, located on the east coast of South Africa. The combination of limited water resources in the city along with sewage capacity constraints, led to the investigation of different wastewater recycling processes since the region produces approximately 450million litres of wastewater per day. The project was South Africa’s first private wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • From Waste in Anodising Plant to New Chemical Product in Sewage Treatment Plants

    Aluminium containing caustic soda used as a pickling agent in the pre-treatment of aluminium before anodising and aluminium containing sulphuric acids used as electrolytes for the formation of oxide layers in anodising plants can be utilised in municipal sewage treatment plants to reduce phosphates and improve precipitation. From the anodiser's point of view, these products are spent once they ...


  • Characteristics and potential uses of sewage sludge in the commercial capital of Bangladesh

    Based on contrasting properties, sewage sludge can be co-recycled in order to take simultaneously the best profit and minimise environmental pollution. The present study was conducted to assess the physical and chemical properties of sewage sludge generated from different sources in the commercial capital of Bangladesh and on the basis of these characteristics a variety of ways had been fixed to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantifying the impacts of co-digesiton of waste streams with sewage sludge

    In order to slow down the impending impacts of global climate change due to consumption of fossil fuels, governments are looking at ways to develop and incentivise alternative renewable energy sources. Subsequently, the UK has imposed renewable energy targets of 15% of all energy consumption by the year 2020, but admit that – in order to meet carbon dioxide reductions of 20% by 2020 – renewable ...


    By United Utilities

  • Acid dye removal from industrial wastewater by adsorption on treated sewage sludge

    This study investigated the suitability of sewage sludge for the removal of Acid Blue 93 industrial wastewater. Washed sewage sludge (WS) and sludge activated carbon (AS) were used as adsorbents. The effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dose and adsorption temperature was studied. Equilibrium isotherms for the adsorption were analysed by Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Use of sewage sludge ash (SSA) in the production of cement and concrete - a review

    The use of recycled sewage sludge ash (SSA) in Portland cement and concrete has attracted a lot of global interest due the increase in sludge production and the limitation of land availability where it is used as a soil conditioner. These are in addition to rising environmental concerns. The major components of SSA are SiO2, CaO, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land application of sewage sludge (biosolids) in Australia: risks to the environment and food crops

    Australia is a large exporter of agricultural products, with producers responsible for a range of quality assurance programs to ensure that food crops are free from various contaminants of detriment to human health. Large volumes of treated sewage sludge (biosolids), although low by world standards, are increasingly being recycled to land, primarily to replace plant nutrients and to improve soil ...


    By IWA Publishing

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