sewage sludge Articles

  • Sludge Blanket Level Detection – making new process opportunities possible

    Much Pulsar's Self-Cleaning Viper Sludge Sensor of the demonstrating the effective maintenance-free solution. discussion around the way we deal with sewage sludge – the way it is moved around the process, the bellmouth valves and decant processes, the downstream treatment of the liquors, important issues around TOTEX and discharge Compliance, plus more recently the ...

  • Study on sewage sludge gasification

    Aimed at creating new technology to reduct greenhouse gas emission, the Tokyo Bureau of Sewerage has developed a system generating electricity with a gas engine using biogas generated by pyrolytic gasification of sewage sludge in a fluidized-bed gasifier. A 15t/d demonstration facility was built based on a dehydrated sludge and demonstration tests were run for 3400 hours from 2005. As a result of ...

  • Sewage sludge management in Malaysia

    This paper describes the current status of sewage sludge management in Malaysia, including sludge characteristics from both communal sewage treatment facilities and septic tanks. The levels of potentially toxic elements in the sludge are defined and compared to levels elsewhere in the context of the suitability of the sludge for agricultural use. Current sludge disposal practices are reviewed and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of Sewage and Sewage Sludge by Simultaneous ICP Spectroscopy

    In recent years, the development and expansion of sewage treatment facilities has resulted in increased amounts of sludge which is generated in the treatment process, and which has presented a problem due to processing of the sludge itself. Sludge is normally incinerated or solidified and then disposed of in landfills or recycled for use in construction materials such as concrete or ...

  • Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge

    In the following, a method to recover phosphorus from sewage sludge as MAP (magnesiumammonium- phosphate, also called struvite) is to be presented. The process uses sulfuric acid to leach phosphorus out of digested sewage sludge. After solid-/liquid-separation, interfering metal ions in the liquid phase are inactivated through complexation. For the subsequent precipitation of the phosphorus, ...

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Co-fermentation of sewage sludge and biowastes

    The anaerobic treatment of sewage sludge has a long history in Germany. It began early in the Twentieth Century with the development of the Imhoff tank and has, since then, been con-tinuously further developed. Today, anaerobic sludge digestion is the most widely used process for stabilizing sewage sludges. Digesters, in which a portion of the sewage sludge is converted into utilizable biogas ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The behaviour of phosphorus and heavy metals in sewage sludge ashes

    The effect of the combustion atmosphere and the additives (CaO and HCl) on the behaviour of phosphorus and heavy metals during sewage sludge combustion was investigated. The results demonstrated that the reduction combustion promoted the vapourisation of phosphorus and heavy metals during sewage sludge combustion. Moreover, the concentrations of phosphorus and heavy metals in the bottom ash ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Co-composting of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste

    Israel production of sewage sludge and MSW grows each year due to the increasing number of modern Wastewater plants that are using activated sludge process and the increasing population. Non-stabilized Sewage sludge is an environmental nuisance due to high level of pathogens, offensive odours, insect attraction and potential water sources pollution. The Haifa region itself, where the study took ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Review on municipal sewage sludge management in Turkey and Europe

    The main purpose of this paper is to point out the development of the sewage sludge quantity in Turkey and in Europe by reviewing different studies to detect trends, which are characterised by legal framework and different disposal routes. Additionally, it should be elaborated if an increase in the amount of sewage sludge has to be expected and which reasons are indicated. Because of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Supercritical water oxidation of sewage sludge – state of the art

    Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) is an innovative and effective destruction method for organic wastewater and sludge. Several tests of the destruction of sewage sludge by SCWO have been done at two state of the art pilot plants. These units have capacities of 250 kg/h and 1100 kg/h, respectively. The test results show that the technology easily destroys the organic material in the sludge and ...


    By SCFI Group Limited

  • Characterization of char from slow pyrolysis of sewage sludge

    The effects of final pyrolysis temperature Tend from 300 ºC to 550 ºC, heating rates β of 2 ºC/min, 3 ºC/min and 5 ºC/min, retention time RT from 45 min to 90 min, and the moisture content MC from 0 to 70% on characteristics of the pyrolysis char from sewage sludge were investigated using a tube furnace in this study. The resulting chars were characterized by sorption of nitrogen (surface area ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage sludge solubilization by high-pressure homogenization

    The behavior of sludge solubilization using high-pressure homogenization (HPH) treatment was examined by investigating the sludge solid reduction and organics solubilization. The sludge volatile suspended solids (VSS) decreased from 10.58 to 6.67 g/L for the sludge sample with a total solids content (TS) of 1.49% after HPH treatment at a homogenization pressure of 80 MPa with four ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of sewage sludge compost for improving reedbeds performance

    In a wastewater of medium strength, about 75 % of the suspended solids and 40 % of the filterable solids are organic in nature. The parameter used for measuring the strength and the quantity of the organic substances in the wastewater is the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) (Aggelakis and Tchobanoglous, 1995; Tchobanoglous and Burton, 1991). Degradable organic matter in wastewater, whether soluble or ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Factors Affecting Disinfection and Stabilization of Sewage Sludge

    ABSTRACTEffective disinfection and stabilization of sewage sludge prior to land application is essential to not only protect human health, but also to convince the public of its benefits and safety. A basic understanding of the key factors involved in producing a stable biosolid product is a necessary component to ensuring that effective disinfection and stabilization are achieved. Key stressors ...

  • Toluene in sewage and sludge in wastewater treatment plants

    Toluene is a compound that often occurs in municipal wastewater ranging from detectable levels up to 237 μg/L. Before the year 2000, the presence of the aromatic hydrocarbons was assigned only to external sources. The Enhanced Biological Nutrients Removal Processes (EBNRP) work according to many different schemes and technologies. For high-efficiency biological denitrification and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rheological behavior of sewage sludge with high solid content

    Sludge rheological properties play a fundamental role in determining its performance in pipes, tanks or reactors. However, the relative information on high-solids sludge is very rare. In this study, the rheological properties of high-solids sludge were investigated systematically and a new rheological model was built. The results showed that the low-solids sludge with total solids content (TS) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reuse of treated wastewater and sewage sludge for fertilization and irrigation

    The objective of the present work was to assess the short term potential of treated wastewater and sewage sludge for ornamental lawn fertilization and irrigation. A field experiment was performed and the following treatments were considered: sewage sludge application + irrigation with public water; sewage sludge application + irrigation with treated wastewater; irrigation with public water; ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The impact of advanced digestion on incineration of sewage sludge

    Abstract Traditionally, when incineratin sewage sludge, it was preferable to burn raw undlgested sludge, as digestion - by extracting some of the energy from sludge- subsequently reduce its calorific value. However, when considering incineration as part of a wider strategy, the desicion whether or not to include digestion becomes less clear. Since, virtually all of the requirements of ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Land application of sewage sludges: an appraisal of the US regulations

    Current US federal regulations governing the land application of sewage sludges do not appear adequately protective of human health, agricultural productivity or ecological health. US standards are far less protective than those of many European countries and Canadian provinces. This is due to both policy choices such as a "do no harm" philosophy applied in some northern European ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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