sewage sludge energy Articles

  • Anaerobic Digestion Reduces Microplastics in Sludge

    Anaerobic digestion can help remove microplastics — a large cause of water pollution — during the sewage treatment process Microplastics, or tiny fragments of plastic, include microbeads, the plastic pellets present in thousands of household and personal care products, including toothpaste, cosmetics, and beauty scrubs. They also include fragments from the breakdown of anything in our ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Study on sewage sludge gasification

    Aimed at creating new technology to reduct greenhouse gas emission, the Tokyo Bureau of Sewerage has developed a system generating electricity with a gas engine using biogas generated by pyrolytic gasification of sewage sludge in a fluidized-bed gasifier. A 15t/d demonstration facility was built based on a dehydrated sludge and demonstration tests were run for 3400 hours from 2005. As a result of ...

  • Co-fermentation of sewage sludge and biowastes

    The anaerobic treatment of sewage sludge has a long history in Germany. It began early in the Twentieth Century with the development of the Imhoff tank and has, since then, been con-tinuously further developed. Today, anaerobic sludge digestion is the most widely used process for stabilizing sewage sludges. Digesters, in which a portion of the sewage sludge is converted into utilizable biogas ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Sewage sludge treatment: evaluation of the energy potential and methane emissions with COD balancing

    Sewage sludge is an important resource for the generation of electricity and heat within a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Taking a holistic approach to such use involves considering the greenhouse gas emissions. In particular, for anaerobic sludge treatment, methane emissions are a matter of concern. Therefore, the utilization of a carbon balance, based on the chemical oxygen demand (COD), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The impact of advanced digestion on incineration of sewage sludge

    Abstract Traditionally, when incineratin sewage sludge, it was preferable to burn raw undlgested sludge, as digestion - by extracting some of the energy from sludge- subsequently reduce its calorific value. However, when considering incineration as part of a wider strategy, the desicion whether or not to include digestion becomes less clear. Since, virtually all of the requirements of ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Sewage sludge solubilization by high-pressure homogenization

    The behavior of sludge solubilization using high-pressure homogenization (HPH) treatment was examined by investigating the sludge solid reduction and organics solubilization. The sludge volatile suspended solids (VSS) decreased from 10.58 to 6.67 g/L for the sludge sample with a total solids content (TS) of 1.49% after HPH treatment at a homogenization pressure of 80 MPa with four ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the energetic potential of sewage sludge by characterization of its organic composition

    The composition of sewage sludge and, thus, its energetic potential is influenced by wastewater and wastewater treatment processes. Higher or lower heating values (HHV or LHV) are decisive factors for the incineration/gasification/pyrolysis of sewage sludge. The HHV is analyzed with a bomb calorimeter and converted to the LHV. It is also possible to calculate the heating value via chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Conversion of sewage sludge to commodity chemicals via syngas fermentation

    Gasification of sewage sludge allows the recovery of energy, and produces a mix of CO, CO2 and H2 called synthesis gas (or syngas), which can be fermented by acetogenic bacteria to added-value products. This work presents the conversion of syngas to organic acids and alcohols using both pure and mixed cultures. Pure culture kinetic experiments with Clostridium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Observing the effects of digestion and chemical dosing on the calorific value of sewage sludge

    New legislation being introduced in Europe for the removal of the macronutrients nitrogen and phosphorous is causing the fundamental composition of sludge to change. Nitrogen removal requires longer residence times during activated treatment, and phosphorous removal can involve the supplementation of chemicals such as ferric. In addition, there is increasing pressure to capture energy from sludge ...


    By United Utilities

  • Quantifying the impacts of co-digesiton of waste streams with sewage sludge

    In order to slow down the impending impacts of global climate change due to consumption of fossil fuels, governments are looking at ways to develop and incentivise alternative renewable energy sources. Subsequently, the UK has imposed renewable energy targets of 15% of all energy consumption by the year 2020, but admit that – in order to meet carbon dioxide reductions of 20% by 2020 – renewable ...


    By United Utilities

  • Submersible microbial fuel cell for electricity production from sewage sludge

    A submersible microbial fuel cell (SMFC) was utilized to treat sewage sludge and simultaneously generate electricity. Stable power generation (145 ± 5 mW/m2, 470 Ω) was produced continuously from raw sewage sludge for 5.5 days. The maximum power density reached 190 ± 5 mW/m2. The corresponding total chemical oxygen demand (TCOD) removal efficiency was 78.1 ± 0.2% with initial TCOD of 49.7 g/L. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage sludge as fertiliser – environmental assessment of storage and land application options

    Sewage sludge (SS) contains beneficial plant nutrients and organic matter, and therefore application of SS on agricultural land helps close nutrient loops. However, spreading operations are restricted to certain seasons and hence the SS needs to be stored. Storage and land application of SS are both potential sources of greenhouse gases and ammonia, leading to global warming, acidification and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Overview of legislation on sewage sludge management in developed countries worldwide

    The need to apply innovative technologies for maximizing the efficiency and minimizing the carbon footprint of sewage treatment plants has upgraded sewage sludge management to a highly sophisticated research and development sector. Sewage sludge cannot be regarded solely as ‘waste’; it is a renewable resource for energy and material recovery. From this perspective, legislation on sewage sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of phosphorus recovery from incineration and gasification sewage sludge ash

    Incineration of sewage sludge is a common practice in many western countries. Gasification is an attractive option because of its high energy efficiency and flexibility in the usage of the produced gas. However, they both unavoidably produce sewage sludge ashes, a material that is rich in phosphorus, but which is commonly landfilled or used in construction materials. With current uncertainty ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of sewage sludge using super critical water oxidation-an up date

    Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) is an innovative, economic and incredibly effective destruction method for organic wastewater and sludge and is a realistic alternative to conventional methods. From 1998 to 2007 extensive evaluations of the destruction of sewage sludge by SCWO were performed by Chematur Engineering AB on two state of the art pilot plants. These units had capacities of 250 ...


    By SCFI Group Limited

  • Application of dried anaerobic digested sewage sludge as phenol biosorbent

    Untreated anaerobically digested sewage sludge was used for the first time as a biosorbent for removing phenol from aqueous solution. Results showed that adsorption capacity was influenced by the pH of the aqueous solution with an observed maximum phenol removal at pH around 6–8. The adsorption equilibrium of phenolic compounds was obtained after almost two hours with an adsorption of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermophilic sludge digestion - A perfect fit in cradle-to-cradle and energy neutral sewage treatment

    Verstraete & Colsen It is not the scienctific discovery alone: it is the economic implementation of the technology that allows its breakthrough! The Case WWTP’s in NL : 1.500.000 tons sludge per year costs : 330 € / ton Can we turn this challenge into an economic operation? (via energy production and C2C nutrient ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

  • Energy self-sufficient sewage wastewater treatment plants: is optimized anaerobic sludge digestion the key?

    The anaerobic digestion of primary and waste activated sludge generates biogas that can be converted into energy to power the operation of a sewage wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). But can the biogas generated by anaerobic sludge digestion ever completely satisfy the electricity requirements of a WWTP with ‘standard’ energy consumption (i.e. industrial pollution not treated, no ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UNAS : The key to energy-positive sewage treatment

    Water boards are looking for more cost effective ways to operate their WWTP’s and produce clean effluent in an energy neutral manner. As part of that strategy the maximum recovery of energy and nutrients becomes a major objective. A technology ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

  • Energy utilization in sewage treatment – a review with comparisons

    In recent years, the operating cost of sewage treatment plants (STPs) in some parts of the world has been rising due to increases in the cost of energy. STPs have focused on energy reduction and recovery from treatment processes in order to lower energy consumption. The development involves the improvement of capital set-up for treatment plants in terms of equipment upgrading/plant sizing as ...


    By IWA Publishing

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