sewage sludge fermentation Articles

  • Co-fermentation of sewage sludge and biowastes

    The anaerobic treatment of sewage sludge has a long history in Germany. It began early in the Twentieth Century with the development of the Imhoff tank and has, since then, been con-tinuously further developed. Today, anaerobic sludge digestion is the most widely used process for stabilizing sewage sludges. Digesters, in which a portion of the sewage sludge is converted into utilizable biogas ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Conversion of sewage sludge to commodity chemicals via syngas fermentation

    Gasification of sewage sludge allows the recovery of energy, and produces a mix of CO, CO2 and H2 called synthesis gas (or syngas), which can be fermented by acetogenic bacteria to added-value products. This work presents the conversion of syngas to organic acids and alcohols using both pure and mixed cultures. Pure culture kinetic experiments with Clostridium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Production of propionic acid-enriched volatile fatty acids from co-fermentation liquid of sewage sludge and food waste using Propionibacterium acidipropionici

    Volatile fatty acids (VFA), derived from sludge fermentation, have been used as one effective carbon source for biological nutrient removal, especially favorable with VFA containing with high levels of propionic acid. In this paper, a new fermentation method was employed to significantly produce the propionic acid-enriched VFA from the co-fermentation liquid of sewage sludge and food waste: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Method Found In A Sewage Sludge Carbonization Treatment Plant

    Have you ever passes a wastewater treatment plant and wondered exactly how the process works? Most localities have a minimum of one sewage sludge carbonization plant. These plants are the places where municipal sewage sludge is treated. This process is split into three stages. Each stage was created to further decompose and disintegrate wastewater sludge. ...


  • Acetic acid recovery from a hybrid biological–hydrothermal treatment process of sewage sludge – a pilot plant study

    A two-stage process consisting of anaerobic fermentation followed by sub-critical wet oxidation was used to generate acetic acid from sewage sludge at pilot scale. Volatile fatty acids, dominated by propionic acid, were produced over 4–6 days in the 2,000 L fermentation reactor, which also achieved 31% solids reduction. Approximately 96% of the carbon was retained in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge Treatment and Disposal Technologies

    Most wastewater treatment processes produce a by-product that purifies wastewater before it is released into local waterways. This by-product is named as sludge. Typically in solid, semi-solid or liquid state, it is in fact an amalgamation of all the liquid wastes that are discharged by domestic houses, commercial properties, industry, and/or agriculture after aerobic biological treatment. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Start up study of UASB reactor treating press mud for biohydrogen production

    Anaerobic digestion of press mud mixed with water for biohydrogen production was performed in continuous fed UASB bioreactor for 120 days. Experiment was conducted by maintaining constant HRT of 30 h and the volume of biohydrogen evolved daily was monitored. Various parameters like COD, VFA, Alkalinity, EC, Volatile solids, pH with respect to biohydrogen production were monitored at regular ...

  • Waste Water Treatment Processes Explained

    SUNCOAST WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT  presents  AEROBIC -verses- ANAEROBIC THE AEROBIC PROCESS There are two basic types of sewerage treatment processes, which are the Aerobic process and the Anaerobic process. Aerobic means with air or oxygen and Anaerobic (septic) means without air or oxygen. Aerobic bacteria are a higher life form and when digesting waste are utilising dissolved oxygen or air in ...

  • Performance evaluation of full scale uasb reactor in treating stillage wastewater

    Stillage, also termed as distillery wastewater, is the aqueous by-product from the distillation of ethanol following fermentation of carbohydrates. The pollution potential of stillage can exceed of 100 g/L as chemical oxygen demand (Wilkie et al.,2000). Upto 20 liters of stillage may be generated for each liter of ethanol produced (Haandel and Catunda, 1998). A medium-sized ethanol facility ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Case Study - The performance of the grease degrading bioproduct greasolux in the meat manufacturing factory and municipal WWTP

    Problem A municipal waste water treatment plant in one Baltic town continuously had problems with the fat, oil and grease (FOG) accumulation in the sewer lines, lift stations and waste water treatment plant, since the start up of a local meat processing facility. The highly polluted waste water directly impacted the treatment plant in the following ways: Increased grease ...


    By Ecochemicals UAB

  • The Devil is in The Details: Full-Scale Optimization of the EBPR Process at the City of Las Vegas WPCF

    ABSTRACTTo optimize the enhanced biological phosphorus (P) removal (EBPR) at the City of Las Vegas’ Water Pollution Control Facility, the effects of dissolved oxygen (DO) level, hydraulic retention time in aeration basin and the operation mode of UCT versus A2O on phosphorus removal performance were investigated. DO levels in the range of 0.5 to 3.5 mg/L in the aeration basin did not have ...

  • Presence and survival of fungi and clostridium Tyrobutyricum during anaerobic treatment of organic household waste

    Today the anaerobic microbial process of biogas formation is more into focus than ever. This interest is due to the fact that is offers the community means of fulfilling several obligations: treatment of organic wastes, recirculation of nutrients between urban and rural areas and production of renewable energy. Presently, several Swedish cities have built centralised biogas plants, treating ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Perspectives on organic waste recovery relative to composting and anaerobic digestion

    Generally speaking, organic waste renders its self suitable for recovery purposes owing to the nutrient elements it contains and the energy stored in the biochemical bonds of its constituent organic compounds. Both composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) have been used since a long time ago in reclaiming organic material. It seems that the first modern composting process was developed in 1920s in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Perspectives on organic waste recovery relative to composting and anaerobic digestion

    Generally speaking, organic waste renders its self suitable for recovery purposes owing to the nutrient elements it contains and the energy stored in the biochemical bonds of its constituent organic compounds. Both composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) have been used since a long time ago in reclaiming organic material. It seems that the first modern composting process was developed in 1920s in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • ORP and pH Based Control of SBR Cycles for Nutrient Removal from Wastewater

    ABSTRACTContinuous monitoring of multiple process functions were conducted involving removals of BOD, TSS and nutrients, in each cycle of the SBR reactor at the wastewater treatment plant of the City of Carrabelle, FL. On line, real time, monitoring of pH, oxidation reduction potential (ORP), dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonia-N, nitrite-N, nitrate-N and orthophosphate-P demonstrated excellent ...

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