sewer network Articles

  • Decision making in flood risk based storm sewer network design

    It is widely recognised that flood risk needs to be taken into account when designing a storm sewer network. Flood risk is generally a combination of flood consequences and flood probabilities. This paper aims to explore the decision making in flood risk based storm sewer network design. A multi-objective optimization is proposed to find the Pareto front of optimal designs in terms of low ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Behaviour of different cementitious material formulations in sewer networks

    Sewer networks are subjected to degradation, including biodeterioration of materials, in the presence of biogenic sulfuric acid, leading to costly repairs. To ensure durable structures, it is essential to select the best adapted materials. Two cementitious materials based on ordinary Portland cement (OPC) or calcium aluminate cement (CAC), were subjected to biodeterioration in the headspace of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Odours in sewer networks: nuisance assessment

    As odour nuisance can affect the quality of life, the population is more and more demanding and in many cities sewers are a critical source of odours. Both factors can lead to increasing numbers of complaints due to the odour nuisance perceived by the residents, affecting also the public image of the sewer management companies. Odours associated with sewer networks are very heterogeneous, in as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multivariate probability distribution for sewer system vulnerability assessment under data-limited conditions

    The lack of geometrical and hydraulic information about sewer networks often excludes the adoption of in-deep modeling tools to obtain prioritization strategies for funds management. The present paper describes a novel statistical procedure for defining the prioritization scheme for preventive maintenance strategies based on a small sample of failure data collected by the Sewer Office of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reduced sulfur compounds in the atmosphere of sewer networks in Australia: geographic (and seasonal) variations

    The management of odorous emissions from sewer networks has become an important issue for sewer system operators resulting in the need to better understand the composition of reduced sulfur compounds (RSCs). Gaseous RSCs including hydrogen sulfide (H2S), methanethiol (MeSH), dimethyl sulfide (DMS), carbon disulfide (CS2), dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An agent-based approach for generating virtual sewer systems

    The application of artificial case studies is a well established technique in urban drainage to test measures, approaches or models. However, the preparation of a virtual case study for a sewer system is a tedious task. Several algorithms have been presented in the literature for an automatic generation of virtual sewer systems. Applying the approach of generating virtual cities by means of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A review of sulfide emissions in sewer networks: overall approach and systemic modelling

    The problems related to hydrogen sulfide in terms of deterioration of sewer networks, toxicity and odor nuisance have become very clear to the network stakeholders and the public. The hydraulic and (bio)chemical phenomena and parameters controlling sulfide formation, emission and their incidences in sewer networks are very complex. Recent research studies have been developed in gravity and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis of surface runoff generation in urban flood forecasting

    Reliable flood forecasting requires hydraulic models capable to estimate pluvial flooding fast enough in order to enable successful operational responses. Increased computational speed can be achieved by using a 1D/1D model, since 2D models are too computationally demanding. Further changes can be made by simplifying 1D network models, removing and by changing some secondary elements. The Urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prioritizing sewer rehabilitation projects using AHP-PROMETHEE II ranking method

    The aim of this paper is to develop a methodology for the prioritization of sewer rehabilitation projects for Algiers (Algeria) sewer networks to support the National Sanitation Office in its challenge to make decisions on prioritization of sewer rehabilitation projects. The methodology applies multiple-criteria decision making. The study includes 47 projects (collectors) and 12 criteria to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation and Forecast Earthquake Damage for Sewage Systems

    ABSTRACTJapan is known as one of the areas where earthquake occurs most to be located in border of oceanic plate and continental plate. On this account, earthquake countermeasures are pushed forward triggered by the great Hanshin earthquake (1995), but measures for existing facilities are not yet enough. In such situation, the mid Niigata prefecture earthquake of October 23, 2004 attacked ...

  • Characterization of the hydraulic performance of a gully under drainage conditions

    During rainfall events with low return periods (1–20 years) the drainage system can provide some degree of protection to urban areas. The system design is based not only on good hydraulic performance of the surface and the sewer network but also on their linking elements. Although the linking elements are of utmost importance as they allow the exchange of flow between the surface and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Local effects of global climate change on the urban drainage system of Hamburg

    The Hamburg Water Group owns and operates a sewer network with a total length of more than 5,700 km. There has been increasing attention paid to the possible impacts of predicted changes in precipitation patterns on the sewer network infrastructure. The primary objective of the work presented in this paper is an estimation of the hydraulic impacts of climate change on the Hamburg drainage ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A methodology for linking 2D overland flow models with the sewer network model SWMM 5.1 based on dynamic link libraries

    Pluvial flooding in urban areas is characterized by a gradually varying inundation process caused by surcharge of the sewer manholes. Therefore urban flood models need to simulate the interaction between the sewer network and the overland flow in order to accurately predict the flood inundation extents. In this work we present a methodology for linking 2D overland flow models with the storm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A new methodology for the optimal design of series of pipes in sewer systems

    The sewer network design problem consists of determining both the layout and the hydraulic design of the system. This paper aims to find an optimal hydraulic design for a specific layout consisting of a series of pipes. An optimal hydraulic design of a series of pipes is that which satisfies all the hydraulic, commercial, and construction constraints, while minimizing the construction costs. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Emission of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) at a waterfall in a sewer: study of main factors affecting H2S emission and modeling approaches

    Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) represents one of the main odorant gases emitted from sewer networks. A mathematical model can be a fast and low-cost tool for estimating its emission. This study investigates two approaches to modeling H2S gas transfer at a waterfall in a discharge manhole. The first approach is based on an adaptation of oxygen models for H2S emission at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood analysis of urban drainage systems: Probabilistic dependence structure of rainfall characteristics and fuzzy model parameters

    Flood analysis of urban drainage systems plays a crucial role for flood risk management in urban areas. Rainfall characteristics, including the dependence between rainfall variables, have a significant influence on flood frequency. This paper considers the use of copulas to represent the probabilistic dependence structure between rainfall depth and duration in the synthetic rainfall generation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Controlling chemical dosing for sulfide mitigation in sewer networks using a hybrid automata control strategy

    Chemicals such as magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) and iron salts are widely used to control sulfide-induced corrosion in sewer networks composed of interconnected sewer pipe lines and pumping stations. Chemical dosing control is usually non-automatic and based on experience, thus often resulting in sewage reaching the discharge point receiving inadequate or even no chemical dosing. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control of Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Instrumentation, control and automation (ICA) of wastewater treatment systems and sewer networks have attracted much attention since the early 1970s. The developments during the last four decades in on-line instrumentation, computer technology, process understanding and subsequent model development, and control methods have been powerful driving forces for advanced control making ICA ever ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adaptation of sewer networks using integrated rehabilitation management

    The urban water structure is aging and in need of rehabilitation. Further, the need to address future challenges (climate change, urban development) also arise lines. This study investigates if it is possible to combine rehabilitation and adaptation measures. To do so, we combined an urban development model, an urban drainage model and a rehabilitation model. A case study of a medium-sized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of water source management practices in residential areas on sewer networks – a review

    Prolonged drought which has occurred everywhere around the world has caused water shortages, leading many countries to consider more sustainable practices, which are called source management practices (SMPs) to ensure water availability for the future. SMPs include the practices of water use reduction, potable water substitution and wastewater volume reduction such as water demand management, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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