sewer system Articles

  • When is a Sewer not a Sewer

    Any Sewer is a Sewer –isn’t it? If you were to ask the average man on the street what happened to the water that left his house via the myriad of drain pipes, overflows, soil stacks, gutters, sewer pipes etc would he really know what happened to it? Do consumers actually know or understand that there are different sewers running under their feet? In an effort to control the spiralling ...

  • Groundwater intrusion into leaky sewer systems

    Vast volumes of groundwater are drained by urban sewer systems. This unwanted flow component intrudes into sewer systems through leaky joints or connected house drains. However, unlike urban storm drainage, it has a high seasonal variation corresponding to groundwater storage and long slow recessions similar to baseflow in rivers also fed by shallow groundwater exfiltrating into the surface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sedimentation dynamics in combined sewer systems

    Sediments in combined sewers may negatively affect the performance of sewer systems and significantly promote the formation of hydrogen sulfide. To prevent this, German sewer systems are cleaned regularly but at high costs. In order to optimize the cleaning intervals, this study investigates how deposits build up and change over a defined period under constant conditions. The experiments were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic analyses for optimizing the construction of separate sewer in a hybrid sewer system

    Metropolitan Taipei located in north Taiwan uses a hybrid sewer system consisting of mostly separate sewer for the populated regions, and partly combined sewer for less populated regions. This study used the concept that Marginal Cost of Control (MCC) equals to Marginal Benefits of Control (MBC) to establish the method for studying the optimal household connection percentage, and the most ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewer Level Monitoring System - a case study

    Background - The business of sewage level monitoring in sewers is accelerating across many countries. Strict regulations, the need to avoid environmental disasters, violation fines, early warnings and planning needs are just some of the forces shaping this growing trend.   Challenges Quantifying sewage flow and level is one of the most ...

  • Simplifying impact of urban development on sewer systems

    Linking urban development and urban drainage models is a more and more popular approach when impacts of pavement of urban areas on sewer system performance are evaluated. As such an approach is a difficult task, this is not a feasible procedure for everyday engineering practice. We propose an alternative method, based on a developed simple near-quadratic relationship, which directly translates ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multifaceted sewer improvements program eliminates sewer connection moratorium and system overflows

    The sewer system serving Borough of Jewett City, Connecticut dates from the late 1800’s and was originally constructed as a combined sewer system with the discharges directed to the area rivers. In the 1970’s, the raw sewage discharges from the Borough system were removed from the rivers and redirected to a newly constructed wastewater treatment facility. However, the overflows from the ...

  • Sewer Construction Bid

    Advanced or tertiary wastewater treatment tries to remove all the impurities from the wastewater to produce almost drinking quality effluents. However, this is an expensive process requiring high level technical expertise, resources and machinery. Finally, disinfection of the treated wastewater may be carried out to destroy harmful bacteria and other organisms that may still be present in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Washoff behavior of in-sewer deposit in combined sewer system through artificial flushing experiment

    In-sewer deposits in combined sewer systems (CSSs) are closely related with the behavior of first foul flush and combined sewer overflows. However, the research paying attention to the role of in-sewer deposits is quite rare, furthermore, their contributions for the washoff patterns of each pollutant including pathogenic microorganisms are almost never discussed so far. The artificial flushing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Infrastructure Bypass: Rehabilitating the Nation’s Decaying Sewer Systems

    Billions of dollars in federal aid money has been allocated to rehabilitating our decaying sewer systems, and while these are projects that will be done, there will be associated problems with trying to keep roads and businesses open during this work. Typically, in rehabilitating existing sewer lines, the flow of sewage cannot simply be diverted—it must be “bypassed,” which ...

  • An agent-based approach for generating virtual sewer systems

    The application of artificial case studies is a well established technique in urban drainage to test measures, approaches or models. However, the preparation of a virtual case study for a sewer system is a tedious task. Several algorithms have been presented in the literature for an automatic generation of virtual sewer systems. Applying the approach of generating virtual cities by means of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors affecting economies of scale in combined sewer systems

    A generic model is introduced that represents the combined sewer infrastructure of a settlement quantitatively. A catchment area module first calculates the length and size distribution of the required sewer pipes on the basis of rain patterns, housing densities and area size. These results are fed into the sewer-cost module in order to estimate the combined sewer costs of the entire catchment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An artificial intelligence approach for optimizing pumping in sewer systems

    This paper presents details of a fuzzy logic system developed for the control of sewer pumping stations for energy costs savings. This is part of an ongoing collaborative project between Anglian Water and the University of Sheffield. The model rules and operation are developed for one representative pumping station in order to enable the identification of potential benefits and inhibitors to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low pressure sewer system for affluent existing neighborhood

    The River Oaks subdivision is an affluent, mature residential community located in Fairfax, County Virginia which includes 114 existing single family dwelling units with individual septic tank drainfields. The Fairfax County Health Department determined that several drainfields have failed and expressed concern that others would soon fail. In order to prevent the health and environmental problems ...

  • Risk assessment of sewer condition using artificial intelligence tools: application to the SANEST sewer system

    Operation, maintenance and rehabilitation comprise the main concerns of wastewater infrastructure asset management. Given the nature of the service provided by a wastewater system and the characteristics of the supporting infrastructure, technical issues are relevant to support asset management decisions. In particular, in densely urbanized areas served by large, complex and aging sewer ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An approximate solution for two-dimensional groundwater infiltration in sewer systems

    Estimating groundwater infiltration into sewer systems is important for wastewater treatment operators and municipalities. This paper presents an approximate solution for steady-state groundwater infiltration into sewer systems through line defects. The groundwater table was assumed to be horizontal and the aquifer homogeneous and isotropic. Mobius transformation technique and equivalent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An approximate model on three-dimensional groundwater infiltration in sewer systems

    Groundwater infiltration through cracked sewer pipes has caused significant economic losses. This paper presents a three-dimensional analytical expression for calculating the steady-state groundwater infiltration rate into sewer systems. As an extension of the previously developed two-dimensional model by the author, this new model can be used to simulate the infiltration through an orifice ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A new methodology for the optimal design of series of pipes in sewer systems

    The sewer network design problem consists of determining both the layout and the hydraulic design of the system. This paper aims to find an optimal hydraulic design for a specific layout consisting of a series of pipes. An optimal hydraulic design of a series of pipes is that which satisfies all the hydraulic, commercial, and construction constraints, while minimizing the construction costs. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewer system flow components identification using signal processing

    The development of a continuous model to simulate the behaviour of sewer systems requires detailed information on each component of the flows contributing to the global discharge. In this paper authors investigate a novel method based on signal processing and long time series data implemented with a 2 min time step (flow rate, conductivity, pH and turbidity) in order to identify the dry weather ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-time control of sewer systems using turbidity measurements

    Real-time control (RTC) of urban drainage systems has been proven useful as a means to reduce pollution by combined sewer overflow discharges. So far, RTC has been investigated mainly with a sole focus on water quantity aspects. However, as measurement techniques for pollution of wastewater are advancing, pollution-based RTC might be of increasing interest. For example, turbidity data sets from ...


    By IWA Publishing

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