shallow well sampling Articles

  • Ground water sampling bias observed in shallow conventional wells

    EPA’s Hutchins and Acree present the results of their field research showing the misleading data that are often generated using samples collected from conventional monitoring wells. They conclude that “These data provide an additional example where cluster well points or other methods of obtaining depth-discrete samples would be required to provide an accurate assessment of either the extent of ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Evaluating the effects of septic tank on shallow wells in Iba housing estate, Ojo LGA, Lagos

    Water samples from 30 shallow wells were measured for depth, depth to water table, and distance to septic tank. In situ parameters including electrical conductivity, pH, total dissolved solids, and temperature were measured using portable meters. Chemical parameters including salinity, chloride, calcium, alkalinity and total hardness were determined using titrimetry method. Sulphate and nitrate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risk of diarrhoea from shallow groundwater contaminated with enteropathogens in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    Shallow groundwater is the main water source among many alternatives in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, which has a rapidly growing population and intermittent piped water supply. Although human pathogens are detected in groundwater, its health effects are unclear. We estimated risk of diarrhoea from shallow groundwater use using quantitative microbial risk assessment. Escherichia coli, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seasonal variation in the microbial quality of shallow groundwater in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    To develop effective groundwater pollution control strategies for the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, seasonal variations in microbial quality and their underlying mechanisms must be understood. However, to date, there are no studies that address these topics. In this study, groundwater samples from dug wells were collected during the dry and wet seasons from 2009 to 2012, and Escherichia coli ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Generation of the bathymetry of a eutrophic shallow lake using WorldView-2 imagery

    In this study, water depth distribution (bathymetric map) in a eutrophic shallow lake was determined using a WorldView-2 multispectral satellite image. Lake Eymir in Ankara (Turkey) was the study site. In order to generate the bathymetric map of the lake, image and data processing, and modelling were applied. First, the bands that would be used in depth prediction models were determined through ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Natural stressors in uncontaminated sediments of shallow freshwaters: The prevalence of sulfide, ammonia, and reduced iron

    Potentially toxic levels of three naturally occurring chemical stressors (dissolved sulfide, ammonia, and iron) can occur in freshwater sediments, although their roles in shaping ecosystem structure (i.e., plant and animal communities) and function (e.g., biologically mediated elemental cycles) have received little study. This critical review discusses the prevalence and ecological effects of ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The Effects That Well Depth and Wellhead Protection Have on Bacterial Contamination of Private Water Wells in the Estes Park Valley, Colorado

    Over the past five years, it is estimated that 10% of residential water wells have tested positive for total coliform and 2% for E.coli bacteria in the Estes Park Valley, Colorado. Many of these water wells are shallow or hand-dug in construction. In this study, samplings of 30 private untreated water wells were tested for total coliform bacteria in the Estes Park Valley. Water wells were ...

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...


    By Geotech

  • Isolate & sample up to 7 zones in one borehole

    CMT Multilevel Systems isolate and monitor up to seven discrete zones in one borehole; monitor 7 zones in the 1.7" (43 mm) System; 3 in the narrow 1.1" (28 mm) System. Both options are low cost. The single tube design makes them fast and easy to drill and install in one day. System flexibility allows port locations and monitoring strategy to be finalized right on site. CMT wells are ideal for ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Tacoma, Washington - Well 12A superfund site - Case Study

    Combined Remedies for DNAPL Remediation Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS) teamed with KEMRON and AMEC, under KEMRON's U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USAGE) Environmental Remediation Services Multiple Award Task Order Contract (MATOC), to perform electrical resistance heating (ERH) for the remediation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the vadose zone ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • EPA Technology News & Trends - Tacoma “Well 12A” Superfund Site

    The U.S. EPA Region 10 office uses an adaptive site management approach that relies on high-resolution site characterization (HRSC) techniques for strategic sampling at the Well 12A project area. This approximate one-square-mile project area is one of three at the 2.5-square-mile Commencement Bay-South Tacoma Channel Superfund site in Tacoma, Washington. The vicinity of Well 12A, one of 13 wells ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Case Study - Multilevel well system improved understanding of groundwater conditions in deep aquifers

    Westbay System delivered detailed data in less time and at a reduced cost CHALLENGE Characterizing the plume in a shallow  aquifer is simple, but investigating deeper  aquifers poses several challenges. SOLUTION MACTEC evaluated various monitoring  technologies and determined that  Westbay System modular ...


  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • The Culligan UF-P2 water filtration system - smart well technology for disaster response & beyond

    A Longstanding Commitment to Innovation & Philanthropy As a global leader in water treatment, Culligan has developed innovative industrial and commercial water treatment systems for over 70 years. The company's worldwide network, strong service capability and revolutionary technology offers customers one source for end-to-end water treatment solutions tailored to help meet their ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Subsurface movement of zinc from contaminated dredge spoils at a periodically flooded site

    In 1982, sediments contaminated with zinc, cadmium, and copper were dredged from Lake DePue in Illinois and deposited in a diked sediment disposal area (DSDA) that is flooded annually for at least three months. Data from soil and groundwater samples collected at multiple depths within and adjacent to the DSDA indicate vertical movement of the metals in the subsurface, although groundwater outside ...


    By Springer

  • Redox conditions and groundwater quality issues of selected alluvial aquifers in Serbia

    Redox conditions are an important regulator of aqueous biogeochemistry and knowledge about them is crucial for an understanding of the fate and occurrence of nitrates, emerging substances, and organic compounds in shallow groundwater. The aim of this paper is to determine redox categories, along with prevailing redox processes, and the differences in groundwater quality between shallow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater/surface water interactions along the Curtiss reach of the San Pedro River.

    A reach of the San Pedro River flows east of the Apache Powder Superfund Site and west of the Town of St. David in Cochise County, Arizona. As a result of the remedial investigations associated with the Superfund Site, this reach has been surveyed extensively since the mid-1980’s from approximately the Escalante Crossing to the Pomerene Diversion. In particular, the section downstream from ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Soil and groundwater assessment, south-east England

    Project Remediation Strategies were appointed to undertake a soil and groundwater assessment to assist a client in understanding the potential environmental liabilities associated with the shallow soils beneath part of the site.  The client was undertaking a phased renewal of the site tank farm areas, which required the excavation and replacement of shallow soils to allow for new ...


    By Remediation Strategies Ltd.

  • Radon distribution in groundwater of Taiwan

    Radon levels were surveyed in 517 monitoring wells constructed in five major groundwater areas of Taiwan. The radon concentration in groundwater samples varied in a wide range from below the detection limit of 18 pCi/L up to 1,100 pCi/L. A worldwide comparison of reported groundwater radon levels was conducted. Overall radon levels in Taiwan groundwater are relatively low compared to other ...


    By Springer

  • VOC Remediation Using HRC at Navy Base

    Site Summary Site investigations at a Naval Base in Long Beach, California revealed high contaminant levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from a dry cleaning operation. In well MW-14-S4, the contamination levels of DCE, TCE and PCE reached 4,100 μg/L, 4,000μg/L, and 6,500 μg/L, respectively. The land use in this vicinity was primarily industrial and operations ceased by ...


    By REGENESIS

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